L1 - Gender Bias Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in L1 - Gender Bias Deck (17)
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1

Define sexism

Stereotypes, discrimination, or prejudice based on one’s gender, usually experienced by women

2

Define gender bias

Psychological research offering a view that doesn’t justifiably represent the experience of men or woman

3

Define alpha bias

When psychological research overestimates differences between the sexes, often devaluing women relative to men

4

Define beta bias

When psychological research underestimated the differences between the sexes, often due to exclusion of females in researc

5

Define androcentrism

Behaviour deviating from our understanding being drawn from research involving only men is likely to be seen as abnormal or inferior

6

Define universality

Conclusions from research drawn can be applied to everyone anywhere, regardless of time, culture, or gender

7

How is institutional sexism relevant? (+)

Male researchers more likely to have research published
Research finding a gender difference is more likely to be published than if it found no difference

8

Alpha bias example

Sociobiological theory where men try to impregnate as many women as possible to increase passing down of genes

9

Beta bias assumes what about studies excluding women

Results from them can be generalised to gem

10

Example of beta bias

Fight or flight but tend-and-befriend

11

Androcentrism results in female behaviour being seen how

Pathologists, abnormal

12

When does androcentrism occur

Consequence of beta bias

13

Universality involves psychologists claiming what

Discoveries are objective and not influenced by own values

14

+ related to 1930s research (1)

‘Scientific’ research revealed intellectual activity shrivelled ovaries and reduced chance of conceiving

15

+ gender based research (2)

Provides scientific justification for denying women opportunities within society

16

- related to researchers recognising the effect (1)

Include reflection of how own gender related experiences affect their reading of events when investigating lack of women in accountancy firms

17

- name of researchers (2)

Dambrin and Lambert