L2: Organization of the Body & Anatomical Nomenclature Flashcards Preview

Anatomy 215 > L2: Organization of the Body & Anatomical Nomenclature > Flashcards

Flashcards in L2: Organization of the Body & Anatomical Nomenclature Deck (39)
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1
Q

What are the 6 different levels of structural organization?

A

1) Chemicals
2) Cells
3) Tissues
4) Organs
5) Organ Systems
6) Organism

2
Q

What is included in the axial division of the body?

A

Head, neck and trunk

3
Q

What is included in the appendicular division of the body?

A

Upper and lower extremities (arms, legs)

4
Q

The dorsal, ventral and abdominopelvic body cavities are found in what division?

A

Axial

5
Q

The dorsal body cavity holds what smaller cavities?

A

1) Cranial cavity
2) Vertebral canal

6
Q

The ventral body cavity holds what smaller cavities?

A

1) pleural cavities
2) Pericardial cavity
3) Mediastinum

7
Q

The abdominopelvic cavity hold what smaller cavities?

A

1) Abdominal cavity
2) Pelvic cavity

8
Q

Describe the anatomical position

A

1) Arms at sides
2) Feet & body facing forwards
3) Palms open facing forwards

9
Q

What does superior mean?

A

Above or higher in position; towards the head

10
Q

What does cranial mean?

A

Relating to the skull or head; toward the head

11
Q

What does inferior mean?

A

Below or lower in position; towards the feet

12
Q

What does caudal mean?

A

Relating to the tail; lower in position

13
Q

What does anterior/ventral mean?

A

Nearer to or at the front of the body

14
Q

What does posterior/dorsal mean?

A

Nearer to or at the back of the body

15
Q

What does medial mean?

A

Nearer to the midline of the body

16
Q

What does lateral mean?

A

Farther from the midline

17
Q

What does intermediate mean?

A

Between two structures

18
Q

What does ipsilateral mean?

A

On the same side of the body’s midline as another structure

19
Q

What does contralateral mean?

A

Opposite side of the body’s midline from another structure

20
Q

What does proximal mean?

A

Nearer to the attachment of a limb to the trunk; nearer to the origination of a structure

21
Q

What does distal mean?

A

Farther from the attachment of a limb to the trunk; farther from the origination of a structure

22
Q

What does superficial mean?

A

Toward or on the surface of the body

23
Q

What does deep mean?

A

Away from the surface of the body

24
Q

What does bilateral mean?

A

(something on) Both sides of the body

25
Q

What does peripheral mean?

A

Away from the centre. Something away from the centre of a body part

26
Q

What does parietal mean?

A

Relating to the walls or outer surface/layer of a body part

27
Q

Describe a mid-sagittal plane of the body

A

Divides body longitudinally in equal left and right halves

28
Q

Describe a para-sagittal plane

A

Divides body longitudinally in UNequal left and right halves

29
Q

Describe a frontal/coronal plane

A

Divides body into front/back halves

30
Q

Describe a horizontal/transverse plane

A

Divides body into superior and inferior portions (horizontally divides)

31
Q

Describe an oblique plane

A

Divides body on an angle

32
Q

Name the 9 regions of the abdominal cavity

A

1) Epigastric
2) Left hypochondriac
3) Right hypochondriac
4) Umbilical
5) Left lumbar
6) Right lumbar
7) Hypogastric
8) Left iliac
9) Right iliac

33
Q

What organ(s) are found in the epigastric region of the abdominal canal?

A
  • Right lobe of liver
  • Gallbladder
  • Left lobe of liver
  • Stomach
  • Transverse colon of large intestine
34
Q

What organ(s) are found in the left hypochondriac region?

A
  • Spleen
35
Q

What organ(s) are found in the right hypochondriac region

A
  • Right lobe of liver
36
Q

What organ(s) are found in the umbilical region?

A

Small intestine

37
Q

What organ(s) are found in the left lumbar region?

A
  • Descending colon of large intenstine
38
Q

What organ(s) are found in the right lumbar region?

A
  • Ascending colon of large intenstine
39
Q

What organ(s) are found in the hypogastric region?

A

Urinary bladder