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6th Grade Trimesters > LA Comp > Flashcards

Flashcards in LA Comp Deck (108):
1

noun:

person/place/thing

2

Proper Nouns:

nouns with usually names of schools, titles (president, etc)

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some plural nouns ending with a consonant+y

worry-worries
army-armies

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some plural nouns ending with consonant+o

echo-echoes
potato-potatoes

5

some plural words ending with a vowel+y

key-keys
ray-rays

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some plural words ending with a vowel+o

patio-patios
video-videos

7

plural of leaf-

leaves

8

plural of half-

halves

9

plural of life-

lives

10

plural of belief-

beliefs

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singular plural nouns end in:

's

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plural possessive nouns end in:

'

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antecedent:

the word that a pronoun refers to

14

singular 1st person pronouns:

i, me, my, mine

15

plural 1st person pronouns:

we, us, our, ours

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singular 2nd person pronouns:

you, your, yours

17

plural 2nd person pronouns:

you, your, yours

18

singular 3rd person pronouns:

he, him, his, she, her, hers, it, its

19

plural 3rd person pronouns:

they, them, their, theirs

20

personal pronoun:

the one speaking (1st person)
the one spoken to (2nd)
the one spoken about (3rd)

21

reflexive pronoun:

refers to the subject and is necessary to the basic meaning of the sentence

22

intensive pronoun:

emphasizes its antecedent and is unnecessary to the basic meaning of the sentence

23

list the demonstrative pronouns:

this, these(nearby), that, those(over there)

24

define demonstrative pronoun:

pronouns used to replace nouns

25

interrogative pronoun:

introduces a question

26

adjective:

a word that is used to modify a noun or pronoun

27

proper adjective:

is formed from a proper noun and begins with a capital letter

28

ex of a proper adjective:

Japan-Japanese
Easter-Easter

29

indefinite pronoun:

not referring to a specific person, place, or thing

30

the 16 indefinite pronouns: (remember, all are singular)

anybody-anyone-anything
nobody-no one-nothing
each-one-either
somebody-someone-something
neither
everybody-everyone-everything

31

accept is a ____ (receiving)

verb

32

except is a _____(leave out)

verb

33

except is a _____(other than or but)

preposition

34

verb:

a word expressing an action or state of being

35

helping verb:

helps the main verb to express action or a state of being

36

the helping and main verb together make a ____ ______

phrase

37

examples of helping verbs:

am-do-have-must-are-can-does-is-shall-will-had

38

linking verb:

a verb connecting or linking the subject to a word or word group that identifies the subject

39

some linking verbs:

am is are was
has been have been had been will be shall be
may be might be can be should be would have known

40

has is (plural, singular)

singular

41

have is (plural, singular)

plural

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had is (past, plural)

past

43

I have (correct or incorrect)

correct

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i has (correct or incorrect)

incorrect

45

you have (correct or incorrect)

correct

46

predicate nominative:

a noun or pronoun that identifies or refers to a subjejct

47

ex of predicate nominative:
choose pn:

Maya Angelina is a great poet

poet

48

direct object:

whom or what

49

predicate adjective:

an adjective that follows a linking verb and describes the subject

50

intransitive verb:

an action verb with a direct object

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transitive verb:

an action verb without a direct object

52

how to proofread (4 steps):

1) read 1st sentence and check if it expresses a complete thought
2) check for capital letters to begin the sentence
3) check end-punctuation
4) check glossary usage words with spelling
5) do the same 4 steps for EACH sentence

53

declarative sentence:

making a statement

54

imperative sentence:

giving a command or a request

55

exclamatory sentence:

ending with a ! showing strong emotion

56

to find a direct object, ask _____ or _____ the verb is talking about

whom
what

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to define an indirect object:

say the action verb then ask:
to whom, to what, for whom, for what

58

vinnie made us some lasagna
find the verb and indirect object:

indirect object: us
verb: made

59

an adverb answers the questions:

where | when | how | how often | how long | to what extent

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an adjective answers the questions:

which one
what kind
how many
how much

61

a phrase is...

a group of words that do not contain BOTH a subject AND verb

62

clause:

subject and verb

63

the cat sat
(phrase or clause)

clause

64

preposition:

a word that shows a relationship between noun or pronoun

65

common prepositions:

aboard | between | by | for | from | in | after | of | off

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compound prepositions:

according to | aside from | because of | in spite of | in place of

in addition to | next to | on account of | out of

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prepositional phrase:

a group of words that begin with a preposition, and end with a noun/pronoun

68

the noun or pronoun at the end of a prepositional phrase is called the _________ ___ ________

object of the preposition

69

adjective phrase:

a prepositional phrase that describes a noun or pronoun

70

remember, adjective phrases answer the same questions that ______ ask

adjective
for more info:

what kind | which one | how much | how many

71

a paragraph MUST have:

1) A punctuated title
2) each paragraph with 8-10 sentences
3) indent the 1st sentence in each paragraph
4) 6 detail sentences only giving info about the topic
5) a concluding sentence

72

in a paragraph, begin each sentence ______ly

differently

73

in a paragraph, to prevent the same sentence practically ______ ______again, join the FIRST and SECOND sentences

being written

74

an object pronoun comes after...

direct objects, indirect objects, and after a pronoun

75

object pronouns: (KNOW THEM ALL)

me | us | you | her/him | them | it

76

always use an ____ ______ after a preposition

object pronoun

77

conjunction:

a word that joins words or a group of words

78

coordinating conjunctions:

and for or yet but nor so

79

correlative conjunctions:

both-and either-or neither-nor
not only-but also whether-or

80

parts of speech:

nouns | conjunctions | verbs | adjectives | pronouns
adverbs | interjections | prepositions

81

independent clause:

a clause standing alone as a sentence and expresses a complete thought

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subordinate clause:

a clause that does not express a complete thought

83

words often used to begin subordinate clauses:

after, because, although, before, as, how, as if,as long as, since, as much as, so that, as though, than

84

more words often used to begin subordinate clauses:

that, whenever, though, which, unless, whether, until, while, whenever, who, when, whom, where, whose

85

simple sentence:

a sentence with 1 independent clause and no subordinate clause

86

a compound sentence:

a sentence consisting of 2 independent clauses and no subordinate clauses

87

complex sentence:

a sentence containing 1 independent clause and 1 subordinate clause

88

the 4 forms of a verb:

base
present participle
past
past participle

89

the past participle is always used with a...

helping verb

90

the 4 principles(forms) of the verb "played"

base: play
present participle: playing
past: played
past participle: played

91

helping verbs used with a past participle:

has
have
had

92

the ____ form of a verb is always used alone

past

93

the present participle of a verb is always used with one of these:

am, is, are, was, were

94

perfect tense(3 of them) of "ask" are:

has asked
have asked
had asked

95

has and have are in ______ tense

present

96

had is in ____ tense

past

97

an irregular verb forms its past and past participles in some other way than by adding _ or __ to the base

-d
-ed

98

to make a progressive form, add __

-is

99

name the 4 parts of the verb "skate"

base: skate
present participle: (am) skating
past: skated
past participle (have) skated

100

'has hidden' is (present perfect or past perfect)

present perfect

101

'were explaining' is (past progressive or past perfect)

past progressive

102

bring means to...

come toward (come carrying something)

103

take means to...

to go away from (go carrying something)

104

the present+past participles of verbs can be used as adjective for ex)

snow is falling
(what is the present participle used as the main verb phrase)

is falling

105

a subject and verb agree when...

they have the same number

ex)
SHE PLAYS the violin well
('she' and 'plays' are both singular)

106

plural indefinite pronouns:

both, few, many, several

107

either singular OR plural indefinite pronouns:

all, any, more, most, none, some

108

What tells us if a singular or plural indefinite pronoun is singular is by checking ...

the 1st noun and seeing if it is plural or singular
singular=singular
plural=plural