S.S Trim 2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in S.S Trim 2 Deck (82):
1

Cyrus the Great:

he lead a Persian revolt, and won. He let the people he conquered keep their own customs so they would be less likely to revolt

2

cavalry:

a unit of soldiers who ride horses with arrows

3

Darius I:

a prince who wanted to restore order to Persia and killed all his enemies

4

Persian Wars:

wars between Persia and Greece

5

Battle of Marathon:

The Athenian Army against Greece

6

Xerxes I:

Darius's son who attacked Greece with the Persian Navy

7

Battle of Salamis:

When the Persian navy fought Athens

8

Lycurgus created ______

Sparta

9

Boys in Sparta were trained in ____ ______

early ages

10

Girls in Sparta:

they owned land, and were actually important

11

Boys in Athens:

were taught how to read, write, and think

12

Athen Girls:

had almost no rights, had to be under a father or husband, and very few received education

13

alliance:

an agreement to work together

14

Peloponnesian Wars:

Sparta vs Athens

15

phalanx:

a group of soldiers in a square

16

Philip II:

Macedonia's king

17

Hellenistic:

Greek-Like

18

Greek paintings were ____

real

19

______ surrendered at Alexander

Egyptians

20

_____ and _______ were the greatest city-states

Athens and Sparta

21

Rome fell for everything except:

lack of leadership

22

The Greeks beat Persia in...

Battle of Marathon

23

Darius was aka

king of kings

24

satraps:

judges, tax collectors, and put down rebels

25

founder of Persian Empire:

Cyrus the Great

26

fearless leader of the Huns:

atilla

27

he had a co-emperor:

Diocletian

28

Byzantine Empire:

east part of Rome

29

Paul of Tarses:

traveled telling Christian teachings

30

Constantine:

moved Roman Empire to Constantinople

31

Justinian:

his dream was to reunite the Roman empire

32

Theodora:

someone who helped stop riots and create laws to aid women and children

33

______ joined Athens to fight Macedonia

Thebes

34

Middle Age:

Rome's age between BC and modern times aka Dark Ages

35

In the500s, _______ conquered Gaul

Franks

36

missionaries:

people sent by the Pope to spread Christian teachings

37

Scandinavia:

a group of vikings

38

King of Franks=

Clovis

39

St Patrick...

converted many people to Christian in Britain

40

monks:

people who built schools and helped the needy

41

monasteries:

communities of monks

42

Charlemagne...

led the Franks to conquer much of the Roman empire

43

East Christians formed the _______ _______

Orthodox Church

44

Some Roman offices could only be held by ________

plebeians

45

Many of Italy's cities were built on _______

mountains

46

Hannibal _______ conquered Rome

never

47

Benedict:

the 1st pope

48

manor:

a place that a knight was gifted with

49

Roman's govt was the...

senate, consuls, and assembly

50

Socrates:

a person who believed you should never stop learning

51

Pax Romana:

Roman peace

52

Romulus and Remus:

a story of 2 brothers rescued by a wolf, Romulus killed Remus, and Rome was named after Romulus

53

legions:

groups of Roman soldiers

54

Spartacus:

a person who led a rebel

55

checks and balances:

ideas implemented to keep one govt from getting too powerful

56

Aristotle was a student of ______ and _______ was a student of Aristotle

Socrates, Euclid

57

Hannibal:

hated Rome and wished revenge for his father's death

58

Romance Languages:

French, Italian, Spanish, Portuguese, and Romanian

59

Hippocrates:

Greek poet

60

forum:

Rome's public meeting place

61

Aeneas:

A Trojan hero

62

aqueduct:

series of water channels supplying water to Rome

63

civil law:

Rome's law of civility

64

plebeians:

normal people

65

patricians:

nobles/elites

66

Julius Caesar:

a dictator

67

Punic Wars:

Carthage vs Rome

68

Hannibal was a genius, for his _______

elephants

69

Gaius Marius:

a consul who wanted poor people to join the army

70

Locius Cornelius:

a consul who had a conflict with Gaius

71

Cicero:

a philosopher who wanted to see the good of Rome

72

Caesar worked with ______ and_______

Pompey and Crassus

73

Octavian was later called _________

Augustus

74

Southern Eur:

plains or rivers w/ flat land and peninsulas

75

Northern Eur:

cool climate

76

medieval:

aka Middle Age

77

knights:

warriors on horseback

78

vassal:

a knight who protected a noble in exchange for land

79

feudalism:

the relationship between lord and vassals

80

serfs:

workers who were tied to the land they worked on

81

Elanor of Aquitaine:

queen of France

82

chivalry:

code of honorable behavior