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Flashcards in Social Studies Comp Deck (180):
1

all are cardinal directions except:
northeast
south
east
west

northeast

2

eastnorth is not an ______ ______

intermediate direction

3

a ____ is a narrow body of water connecting 2 others

strait

4

delta:

an area where rivers deposit soil

5

fossils are _____

imprints

6

primary source is an account of an event by someone ______ in the event

physically

7

2ndary source people are ___ in the event

not

8

anno domini means...

in the year of the Lord

9

100 is a..

century

10

the time before writing...

prehistory

11

homo erectus means:

upright man

12

homo habilis means:

wise man

13

megalith:

stone monument

14

people did not make clothing from ____ ___

fish skin

15

neolithic meaning:

new stone age

16

one of the advancements of the new stone age was...

using seeds to grow crops

17

gods and goddesses were not associated with _____

blood

18

northern mesopotamia was...

a flat plan

19

southern mesopotamia was...

mountainous

20

2 rivers surrounding mesopotamia were:

tigris and euphrates

21

the 1st egypt pharaoh:

menes

22

_______ in egypt had absolute power

pharaohs

23

kush was _____ of egypt

south

24

egypt and kush's relationship as an example was _____

trade

25

The ______ _____ helped historians better understand hieroglyphics

rosetta stone

26

obelisk:

4 sided pillar with a top shaped like a pyramid

27

the main traded items between egypt and kush were...

gold and slaves

28

greece is a ______

peninsula

29

the mediterranean sea is ___ of greece

south

30

ionian sea is _____ of greece

west

31

the aegean sea is ____ of greece

east

32

_______ were not considered greek

minoans

33

______ was the mycenaean fortress

mycenae

34

polis:

a greek city-state

35

farmers often lived ____ city wall

outside

36

the _____ age was the creation of citystates

classical

37

acropolis:

marketplace

38

oligarchy:

government by the few

39

greek fables featured _____ as main characters

animals

40

sappho:

most famous greek poet

41

all villages in greece spoke greek (T OR F)

False

42

sparta is ____ the birthplace of democray

not

43

the us is a _______ democracy

representative

44

hera is or is not king of gods

no

45

early tools to chop food are called ________

choppers

46

hieroglyphics:

one the world's writing systems

47

papyrus:

a long-lasting paper-like material from reeds

48

the walls of egypt's _____ and tombs are covered with impressive paintings and carvings

pyramids

49

spinx:

imaginary creatures with bodies of lions and heads of other animal

50

Karnak is one of...

the largest egyptian temples

51

in 1922, people found the tomb of _____ ___

king tut

52

only _____ and ___ __ were allowed in temples

pharaohs and priests

53

fertile crescent

large, rich, and fertile farmland

54

irrigation:

a way of supplying water to land

55

surplus:

more than needed

56

mesopotamia:

land between rivers

57

division of labor:

a type of arrangement where work is divided among people

58

latitude:

running north and south

59

cartographers:

people who make/study maps

60

equator:

0 degrees latitude

61

compass rose:

showing direction

62

inset map:

where a place is located

63

longitude:

running east and west

64

prime meridian:

0 degrees longtitude

65

rural:

countryside area

66

city-state:

consisted of a city as the center and the surrounding countryside

67

urban:

city areas

68

empire:

a land with people under a single ruler

69

sumerians:

had the 1st advanced society

70

polytheism:

worshipping of many gods

71

monotheism:

the worshipping of one god

72

Aesop:

a greek famous for his fables

73

tyrant:

a leader who uses force to hold power

74

classical:

an age marked by great achievement

75

aristocrats:

rich landowners

76

fables:

stories telling about life

77

citizens:

people who can participate in government

78

acropolis:

an elevated land with some type of fortress

79

Homer:

a famous poet

80

Nubia:

place where rich minerals are

81

Shanakhdkheton:

1st queen of Kush

82

export:

sent out

83

import:

sent in

84

Cyrus the Great:

leader of Persians

85

Alexander had... soldiers

35,000

86

Alexander was so great, that when Egypt heard he was coming, they didn't fight and made him _____

king

87

Alexander died at __

33

88

Athens fought ____

Sparta

89

Athens was a ____

democracy

90

Darius I and Cyrus...

made Persia into a great place

91

Persia fought against...

Medes

92

Persia's army was...

10k soldiers called "The Immortals"

93

Darius was named _____ __ _____

king of kings

94

Sparta's schools were...

physical

95

Athen's schools were...

more mental

96

Women in Sparta actually had ____ while women in Athens had __ rights

Sparta: rights
Athen: no

97

Sparta's govt ruled under __ kings and controlled ______(slaves)

2
helots

98

In 359, BC ______ was king of Macedonia

Philip

99

All of Greece was under _____'s control

Phillip's

100

Socrates:

a great greek thinker

101

Plato:

student of Socrates

102

Aristotle:

Plato's student

103

In 327 BC, Alexander crossed the Indus river towards _____

India

104

Peloponnesian War:

when Sparta declared war on Athens

105

greatest Greek doctor:

Hippocrates

106

The Greeks defeated the invading Persian Army at ______ ___ ________

Battle of Marathon

107

Chief religion of Persia:

Zoroastrianism

108

Aeneas:

a Trojan War hero

109

Rome was built on a ______

swamp

110

Rome is on...

Palestine Hill

111

forum=

public gathering area

112

Julius Caesar:

a dictator who ruled with crassus and pompei

113

Checks+Balances:

to help one govt not get too much power

114

Magistrates:

elected officials

115

Roman govt=

consuls
senate
assembly

116

Magistrates and assembly were similar because they could _____

veto

117

Patricians:

noble

118

Plebeians:

common people

119

Hannibal had ___ ________

war elephants

120

Cicero:

someone who called for change in Rome and was an orator

121

Julius conquered ____

Gaul

122

When Julius died, Octavian and ____ ______ took over

Marc Antony

123

Marc divorced Octavian's sister, so Octavian...

got mad

124

Octavian drove Marc out and was called ________

princeps

125

leader of huns:

Atilla

126

had a co-emperor:

Diocletian

127

Justinian:

wanted to reunite Roman empire

128

Theodora:

put an end to riots and uprisings and made children and women have more rights

129

South Europe:

mountainous climate

130

North Europe:

flat plain

131

Feudalism:

system of promised land for knights if they protect a monarch

132

feudalism reward:

a manor

133

Feudalism was 1st created by the ______

Franks

134

vassal:

a knight who defended for land

135

Missionaries and Monks were ______

religious

136

Clovis:

Turk leader

137

Charlemagne:

a brilliant warrior who helped Turks

138

Crusades:

Muslims vs Christians

139

King Henry wanted Gregory as Pope ______

removed

140

Gregory ______ Henry

excommunicated (expelled from Church)

141

HRE=

HolyRomanEmpire

142

most of the crusades were _______

failures

143

the 1st was full of ______ ______ of Christians

untrained soldiers

144

Crusade _ was a failure

2

145

Assisi founded...

Franciscans

146

Magna Carta:

listing rights a king couldn't ignore

147

Halus Corpus=

you have the body

148

Black Death:

deadly plague started in Asia and moved through Eurasia

149

Heresy:

religious ideas that oppose Church teachings

150

King Ferdinand+Isabella:

monarchs who forced people to be Christians and killed people who weren't

151

Saladin was praised for sparing...

his enemies

152

Marco Polo:

trader from Venice

153

Venice...

manufactured and made glasses

154

humanism:

a way of thinking that stresses human life

155

Dante Alighieri:

poet (1st to write in latin)

156

Niccolo Machiavelli:

wrote 'The Prince'

157

Leonardo da Vinci:

genius of the Rennaisance

158

Johan Gutenberg printed the Bible in...

1456

159

Martin Luther:

thought the Church was unfair so nailed 95 theses

160

Martin Luther caused chaos which...

he did not intend

161

Catholic Reformation:

an organization putting in effort to attempt to stop counter reformtion

162

Jesuits:

Religious order people who serve Pope+Church

163

Westphalia:

a law granting freedom in France

164

Aztec city was _______

Tenochtitlan

165

Aztecs were polytheistic and made ______ atleast 10k people a year

sacrifices

166

Maya settled in...

Guatemala

167

Maya was poly_____

polytheistic

168

Incas built...

lots of pathways and roads

169

Scientific Revolution:

series of events leading to the birth of modern science

170

Nicholas Copernicus

an astronomer

171

Ptolemy

a rationalist

172

Johanes Kepler:

discovered that planets move eclipsical

173

Galileo Galilei:

he believed science would make people better

174

Sir Isaac Newton:

one of the greatest scientists

175

people made an ______ and compass

astrolobe

176

Caravel ship:

triangular sail ship

177

Vasco de Gama:

sailed around Africa and landed on a different route to Asia

178

Henry the Navigator:

responsible for Portugal's success on the sea

179

Christopher Columbus:

Italian sailor who thought he reached Asia
He tried to go to the Atlantic but found Bahamas

180

Ferdinand Magellan:

a sailor who circumnavigated the earth