Lab 10: Part 2 - Other Endocrine Glands Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Lab 10: Part 2 - Other Endocrine Glands Deck (19):
1

What HORMONES are produced by the THYROID GLAND?

T4, T3, and CALCITONIN

2

What is the F of T4 and T3? Where specifically is it produced?

F - Inc. metabolic rate, O2 use, and heart rate/force
- Heat production, appetite, breakdown of nutrients
for energy
Produced by thyroid follicles

3

What is the F of CALCITONIN? Where specifically is it produced?

F - Dec. Ca in BLOOD by stim. Ca deposits in BONE
Produced by C cells

4

What HORMONE is produced by the PARATHYROID GLAND?

PARATHYROID HORMONE

5

What is the F of PARATHYROID HORMONE?

F - Inc. Ca in BLOOD by stim. removal of Ca from
BONE MATRIX
- Inc. absorption and dec. urinary loss

6

What HORMONE is produced by the PINEAL GLAND?

MELATONIN

7

What is the F of MELATONIN?

F - Involved in the slepp/wake cycle
- Inc. drowsiness
- Inhibit onset of puberty

8

What HORMONE is produced by the THYMUS GLAND

THYMOSIN

9

What is the F of THYMOSIN?

F - Promotes T-Cell development

10

What HORMONE(S) are produced by the ADRENAL CORTEX?

GLUCOCORTICOIDS, MINERALCORTICOID (e.g. ALDOSTERONE), GONADOCORTICOIDS

11

What is the F of GLUCOCORTICOIDS?

F - Stim. fat/protein breakdown
- Inc. GLUCOSE in BLOOD during stress
- Tissue repair

12

What is the F of MINERALCORTICOIDS?

F - Inc. salt reabsorption for water retention
- BP regulation

13

What is the F of GONADOCORTICOIDS?

F - Onset of puberty, sex drive

14

What HORMONE(S) are produced by the ADRENAL MEDULLA?

EPINEPHRINE, NOREPINEPHRINE

15

What is the F of EPINEPHRINE and NOREPINEPHRINE?

F - prolong flight/flight response

16

What is unique about the PANCREAS?

It is both EXOCRINE *and* ENDOCRINE

17

What HORMONES are produced by the PANCREAS?

GLUCAGON and INSULIN

18

What is the F of GLUCAGON? Where specifically is it produced?

F - Inc. BLOOD GLUCOSE levels by stim. breakdown
and release of stored nutrients
Produced by ALPHA CELLS

19

What is the F of INSULIN? Where specifically is it produced?

F - Dec. BLOOD GLUCOSE levels by stim. cells to take
up, use, and store GLUCOSE
Produced by BETA CELLS