Flashcards in Lab 7: Part 3 - Everything Else Deck (28):
How many CERVICAL VERTEBRAE are there?
7, as in "Breakfast at 7"
How many THORACIC VERTEBRAE are there?
12, as in "Lunch at 12"
How many LUMBAR VERTEBRAE are there?
5, as in "Dinner at 5"
Where are INTERVERTEBRAL DICS located?
What do INTERVERTEBRAL DISCS consist of?
An inner gelatinous NUCLEUS PULPOSUS surrounded by a collar of collagen fibers and cartilage, the ANULUS FIBROSUS (comprised mostly of fibrocartilage)
What is a HERNIATED DICS
the rupture of the ANULUS FIBROSUS and protrusion of the NUCLEUS PULPOSUS
What passes through the INTERVERTEBRAL FORAMINA?
What passes through the VERTEBRAL CANAL?
What is another name for C1?
What is another name for C2?
What allows the nodding motion of the head?
What allows for side-to-side motion of the head?
Which type of VERTEBRA has TRANSVERSE FORAMINA?
What passes through the TRANSVERSE FORAMINA?
What do the THORACIC VERTEBRAE articulate with?
What do the DEMIFACETS articulate with?
The HEAD of the RIB
What do the TRANSVERSE COSTAL FACETS articulate with?
The TUBERCLE of the RIB
Why are LUMBAR VERTEBRAE larger than the others?
They support more weight
What BONE is made up of 5 fused VERTEBRAE?
What BONE does the AURICLE of the SACRUM articulate with?
The ILIAC BONE
How many fused VERTEBRAE is the COCCYX made of?
3-5, usually 4
What is the main purpose of the STERNUM?
To protect the HEART
What 2 NOTCHES can be found on the MANUBRIUM of the STERNUM?
The CLAVICULAR NOTCH and the JUGULAR NOTCH
Why would you want to avoid the XIPHOID PROCESS during CPR
Because it is easily broken off of the STERNUM
What is a TRUE RIB and how many of them are there?
A RIB that is attached *directly* to the STERNUM, 7
What is a FALSE RIB and how many of them are there?
A RIB that is attached *in*directly to the STERNUM, 5
What is unique about RIBS 11 and 12?
They are FLOATING RIBS, not attached to the STERNUM