Lab 7: Part 3 - Everything Else Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Lab 7: Part 3 - Everything Else Deck (28):
1

How many CERVICAL VERTEBRAE are there?

7, as in "Breakfast at 7"

2

How many THORACIC VERTEBRAE are there?

12, as in "Lunch at 12"

3

How many LUMBAR VERTEBRAE are there?

5, as in "Dinner at 5"

4

Where are INTERVERTEBRAL DICS located?

Between VERTEBRAE

5

What do INTERVERTEBRAL DISCS consist of?

An inner gelatinous NUCLEUS PULPOSUS surrounded by a collar of collagen fibers and cartilage, the ANULUS FIBROSUS (comprised mostly of fibrocartilage)

6

What is a HERNIATED DICS

the rupture of the ANULUS FIBROSUS and protrusion of the NUCLEUS PULPOSUS

7

What passes through the INTERVERTEBRAL FORAMINA?

SPINAL NERVES

8

What passes through the VERTEBRAL CANAL?

SPINAL CORD

9

What is another name for C1?

The ATLAS

10

What is another name for C2?

The AXIS

11

What allows the nodding motion of the head?

The ATLAS

12

What allows for side-to-side motion of the head?

The AXIS

13

Which type of VERTEBRA has TRANSVERSE FORAMINA?

CERVICAL

14

What passes through the TRANSVERSE FORAMINA?

Blood vessels

15

What do the THORACIC VERTEBRAE articulate with?

The RIBS

16

What do the DEMIFACETS articulate with?

The HEAD of the RIB

17

What do the TRANSVERSE COSTAL FACETS articulate with?

The TUBERCLE of the RIB

18

Why are LUMBAR VERTEBRAE larger than the others?

They support more weight

19

What BONE is made up of 5 fused VERTEBRAE?

The SACRUM

20

What BONE does the AURICLE of the SACRUM articulate with?

The ILIAC BONE

21

How many fused VERTEBRAE is the COCCYX made of?

3-5, usually 4

22

What is the main purpose of the STERNUM?

To protect the HEART

23

What 2 NOTCHES can be found on the MANUBRIUM of the STERNUM?

The CLAVICULAR NOTCH and the JUGULAR NOTCH

24

Why would you want to avoid the XIPHOID PROCESS during CPR

Because it is easily broken off of the STERNUM

25

What is a TRUE RIB and how many of them are there?

A RIB that is attached *directly* to the STERNUM, 7

26

What is a FALSE RIB and how many of them are there?

A RIB that is attached *in*directly to the STERNUM, 5

27

What is unique about RIBS 11 and 12?

They are FLOATING RIBS, not attached to the STERNUM

28

What type of CARTILAGE is COSTAL CARTILAGE?

HYALINE