Lab 1.1: Counterstrain: Posterior Cervical, Thoracic and Lumbar Flashcards Preview

OS II Final and CPA 3 > Lab 1.1: Counterstrain: Posterior Cervical, Thoracic and Lumbar > Flashcards

Flashcards in Lab 1.1: Counterstrain: Posterior Cervical, Thoracic and Lumbar Deck (23)
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1

What are the 7 steps involved in Counterstrain?

1) Find a significant tender point

2) Establish a tenderness scale

3) Monitor tender point throughout

4) Place patient in "position of ease" (reduce pain by at least 70%)

5) Hold 90 secs

6) Slowly and passively return to neutral

7) Recheck tenderness

2

Where is the midline PC1 and how do we treat?

- The Inion

- On inferior nuchal line, just lateral to inion

- F St Ra

3

Where is the PC1 Occiput and how do we treat?

- On the inferior nuchal line midway between inion and mastoid

- E Sa Ra

4

Where is the PC2 occiput and how do we treat?

- On the inferior nuchal line midway betwen inion and PC1

- E Sa Ra

5

Where is the midline PC2 and how do we treat?

- Superior or superior lateral aspect/tip of the SP of C2

- e-E Sa Ra

6

Where is the midline PC3 and how do we treat?

- On the inferior tip or inferolateral aspect of the SP of C2

- f-F Sa Ra

7

Where is the midline PC4-8 and how do we treat?

- Inferior or inferolateral aspect (tip) of the SP's

- e-E Sa Ra

*i.e., PC4 is inferior to the C3 SP; PC5 is inferior to the C4 SP, etc..

8

Where is PC4, PC5, PC6, etc.. found? What muscles are PC4-8 associated with?

- PC4 is inferior to the C3 spinous process

- PC5 is inferior to the C4 spinous process

- PC6 is inferior to the C5 spinous process

- May be associated w/ semispinalis capitis, multifidus, or rotatores

9

Where are the PT 1-12 for the midline?

Midline, on the inferior aspect/tip of the SP of the dysfunctional segment

10

Where are the PT 1-12 for transverse processes?

- On the TP of each thoracic vertebra (medial to articulation w/ associated rib)

11

How do we treat a PT 1-3 spinous process?

- Pt prone with arms draped over side of table

- Physican standing at head of table and cups pt's chin w/ one hand, using the other hand to monitor the tender point

- e-E

12

How do we treat a PT 4-6 spinous process?

- Pt prone with arms draped over side of table

- Physican standing at head of table and cups pt's chin w/ one hand, using the other hand to monitor the tender point

- e-E

13

How do we treat a PT 7-12 spinous process?

- Pt is prone with arms draped over top of table w/ physician's knee under his/her chest (can also use a pillow) to further extend T-spine

- Physician standing at head of table and cups pt's chin w/ one hand, using the other hand to monitor the tender 

e-E

14

How do we treat a PT 1-3 transverse process?

- Pt is supine

- Physician seated at head of table supporting pt's head

- E Sa Ra

15

How do we treat a PT 4-9 transverse process; explain both options.

- Pt is prone w/ head rotated toward side of tender point

E Sa RT

Option 1: Physician seat at head of table. Places forearm under the pt's axilla on side of the tender point w/ the hand on the posterolateral chest wall. Physician's forearm lifts pt's shoulder to produce extension and rotation to the side of the tender point and side bends torso by adding more shoulder ABduction

Option 2: Physician stands at the side opposite the tender point. Pt's torso may be side bent away and the arm on the side of the tender point abducted to produce even more side bending away. Pt's shoulder is pulled posterior and cephalad, which produces extension and rotation toward and side bending away from the tender point

16

How do we treat a PT 10-12 transverse process?

- Pt is prone w/ physician on either side of pt

- Pt's legs are positioned to the side which produces greatest reduction in tenderness

- Sidebending component may vary depending on which myofascial structures involved.

- Physician grasps the ASIS on side opposite the tender point; leans back, gently lifting upward to induce extension and rotation of the pelvis (lower segment) away from the side of the tender point; and rotates the torso (upper segment) toward the side of the tender point

- If physician is on the SAME SIDE as TP, Ra (pelvis) Rt (torso)

- If physician is on the OPPOSITE SIDE of the TP, Rt (pelvis) Ra (torso)

e-E Sa Rt (torso), Ra (pelvis)

17

How do we treat a PL1-5 spinous process?

- Patient is prone

- Physician stands opposite the tender point and contacts the respective inferolatral aspect of the spinous process

e-E Adduct RT (pelvis) RA (torso)

18

How do we treat a PL1-3 transverse process?

- Pt is prone

- Physician stands opposite the tender point and contacts the respective TP

E Sa RT (pelvis) RA torso

19

How do we treat a Upper Pole L5 (UPL5)?

Where is it located?

- Pt is prone

- Physician opposite to TP and contact superior medial surface of the PSIS.

- Lift dysfunctional leg: E Adduct IR/ER

- Superior medial surface of the PSIS

20

How do we treat a Lower Pole L5 (LPL5)?

Where is it located?

- Pt is prone

- Physician on same side as TP contacting the ilium inferior to PSIS and pushing superomedially

- Drop dysfunctional leg off the table, flex hip and knee, push in to adduct, and add IR at the hip (F IR Adduct)

On the ilium just inferior to PSIS pressing superiorly

21

How do we treat a High Ilium Sacroiliac (HISI)?

Where is it located?

- Pt is prone

- Physician on same side as TP and contacting 2-3cm lateral to PSIS; pressing medially towards PSIS

- Lift dysfunctional leg, abduct, and let foot fall towards midline for ER (e-E Abduct ER)

- 2-3cm lateral to the PSIS pressing medially toward the PSIS

22

How do we treat PL3 Gluteus?

Where is it located?

- Pt is prone

- Physician on same side as TP contacting 2/3 lateral from PSIS to tensor fasciae latae

- Lift dysfunctional leg, abduct, ER (E Abduct ER)

- 2/3 lateral from PSIS to TFL

23

How do we treat a PL4 gluteus?

Where is it located?

- Pt is prone 

- Physician on same side as TP contacting posterior margin of tensor fasciae latae/upper portion of gluteus medius at level of PSIS

- Lift dysfunctional leg, abduct, and ER (E Abduct ER)

Posterior margin of TFL