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Flashcards in Lab Deck (9):
1

Serum prolactin

- Elevated in pregnant & lactating women
- Assoc with many pathologies
- Dx galactorrhea, amenorrhea & infertility

2

Prenatal immunohematology screen

- Screening of ABO blood type at initial visit
- Indirect coombs test to determine Abs in Rh -

3

Serum LH

- Midcycle surge causes ovulation
- Evaluation of PCOS- LH:FSH > 3
- Elevated in ovarian failure/ menopause
- Low in pituitary adenoma and eating disorders

4

FSH

Monitor infertility, ovarian reserve
- High in ovarian failure/ menopause
- Low in tumors, PCOS

5

Serum progesterone

- Prepares uterus for implantation
- Evaluation of fertility- High on day 21
- Low = risk of spontaneous abortion

6

Serum testosterone

- Detection of ovarian tumors , PCOS
- Excessive levels cause virilization
- Drawn in early am

7

Estrogen

- Evaluation of menstrual & infertility problems

8

Fern test

- Fern like pattern on slide in presence of amniotic fluid
- Detection of rupture of amniotic sac

9

Gestation DM- 1 step eval

- 24-28 weeks
- Oral glucose tolerance test- 75 g
- Dx if Fasting BGL > 92
1 hr BGL > 180
2 hr BGL >153