Lab 8 (part 2 of 2) - Digestive System Anatomy Flashcards Preview

Bio 226 Lab > Lab 8 (part 2 of 2) - Digestive System Anatomy > Flashcards

Flashcards in Lab 8 (part 2 of 2) - Digestive System Anatomy Deck (34):
1

List the accessory digestive organs

1. Teeth
2. Salivary glands
3. Liver
4. Gallbladder
5. Pancreas

2

What is another name for baby teeth?

Deciduous teeth

3

How many deciduous teeth are there?

20 deciduous teeth

4

What is the ICPM order of deciduous teeth?

2, 1, 0, 2

5

How many permanent teeth are there?

32 permanent teeth

6

What is the ICPM order of permanent teeth?

2, 1, 2, 3

7

List the structures associated with the tooth

- Crown
- Enamel
- Dentin
- Pulp cavity

8

What are the main classifications of teeth, in order?

1. Incisors
2. Canines (eye teeth)
3. Premolars (bicuspids)
4. Molars

9

What is the function of teeth?

Mechanical digestion

10

What are the 3 pairs of major salivary glands?

1. Parotid glands
2. Submandibular glands
3. Sublingual glands

11

What do the parotid glands secrete?

Amylase

12

What do the submandibular glands secrete?

- Mucus
- Amylase

13

What do the sublingual glands secrete?

Mostly mucus

14

Bound mass of wet food

Bolus

15

What are the functions of the salivary glands?

1. Chemical digestion (starch)
2. Bolus production

16

What are the 4 lobes of the liver?

1. Right lobe
2. Left lobe
3. Caudate lobe
4. Quadrate lobe

17

The ___ ___ anchors the liver to the diaphragm and abdominal wall.

Falciform ligament

18

Bile leaves the liver through the ___ ___ ___.

Common hepatic duct

19

Bile enters the duodenum through the ___ ___.

Bile duct

20

Bile goes from the liver to the gallbladder through the ___ ___.

Cystic duct

21

In the liver, at each of the 6 corners of the ___ is a ___ ___.

- Lobule
- Portal triad

22

What are the 3 basic structures of the portal triad?

1. Hepatic arteriole
2. Hepatic portal venule
3. Bile duct

23

Between the liver cells are blood-filled spaces (blood reservoirs) called ___.

Sinusoids

24

Phagocytes found in the liver

Kupffer cells

25

Branches from the bile ducts in the portal triad

Bile canaliculi

26

What does bile do?

It emulsifies (breaks down) fats

27

What are the functions of the liver?

1. Bile production
- Fat emulsification
2. Release of bile into:
- Gallbladder
- Duodenum
3. For nutrients:
- Store
- Convert
- Detoxify

28

This duct transports bile from the gallbladder to the common bile duct (dumps it into the small intestine)

Cystic duct

29

What is the function of the gallbladder?

Storage site for bile

30

What are the different names of food as it passes through the digestive system?

Bolus
|
|
\|/
Chyme
|
|
\|/
Feces

31

What are the endocrine functions of the pancreas?

The Islets of Langerhans produce:
- Glucagon
- Insulin
- Somatostatin

32

What are the exocrine functions of the pancreas?

The acinar cells produce pancreatic juice, which contains all digestive enzymes:
- Lipase
- Amylase
- Protease

33

The acinar cells release ___ ___ into the ___.

- Pancreatic juice
- Duodenum

34

What are the functions of the pancreas?

1. Production of enzymes for digestion of all macromolecules
2. Regulation of blood glucose levels