Flashcards in Lab 8 (part 2 of 2) - Digestive System Anatomy Deck (34):
List the accessory digestive organs
2. Salivary glands
What is another name for baby teeth?
How many deciduous teeth are there?
20 deciduous teeth
What is the ICPM order of deciduous teeth?
2, 1, 0, 2
How many permanent teeth are there?
32 permanent teeth
What is the ICPM order of permanent teeth?
2, 1, 2, 3
List the structures associated with the tooth
- Pulp cavity
What are the main classifications of teeth, in order?
2. Canines (eye teeth)
3. Premolars (bicuspids)
What is the function of teeth?
What are the 3 pairs of major salivary glands?
1. Parotid glands
2. Submandibular glands
3. Sublingual glands
What do the parotid glands secrete?
What do the submandibular glands secrete?
What do the sublingual glands secrete?
Bound mass of wet food
What are the functions of the salivary glands?
1. Chemical digestion (starch)
2. Bolus production
What are the 4 lobes of the liver?
1. Right lobe
2. Left lobe
3. Caudate lobe
4. Quadrate lobe
The ___ ___ anchors the liver to the diaphragm and abdominal wall.
Bile leaves the liver through the ___ ___ ___.
Common hepatic duct
Bile enters the duodenum through the ___ ___.
Bile goes from the liver to the gallbladder through the ___ ___.
In the liver, at each of the 6 corners of the ___ is a ___ ___.
- Portal triad
What are the 3 basic structures of the portal triad?
1. Hepatic arteriole
2. Hepatic portal venule
3. Bile duct
Between the liver cells are blood-filled spaces (blood reservoirs) called ___.
Phagocytes found in the liver
Branches from the bile ducts in the portal triad
What does bile do?
It emulsifies (breaks down) fats
What are the functions of the liver?
1. Bile production
- Fat emulsification
2. Release of bile into:
3. For nutrients:
This duct transports bile from the gallbladder to the common bile duct (dumps it into the small intestine)
What is the function of the gallbladder?
Storage site for bile
What are the different names of food as it passes through the digestive system?
What are the endocrine functions of the pancreas?
The Islets of Langerhans produce:
What are the exocrine functions of the pancreas?
The acinar cells produce pancreatic juice, which contains all digestive enzymes:
The acinar cells release ___ ___ into the ___.
- Pancreatic juice