Lab - Blood Chemistry Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Lab - Blood Chemistry Deck (61):
1

albumin
[normal range]

3.5 to 5.0 g/dl

2

alkaline phosphatase
[normal range]

31 to 97 units/L

3

alanine aminotransferase (ALT)
[normal range]

10 to 40 units/L

4

aspartate aminotransferase (AST)
[normal range]

10 to 37 units/L

5

ammonia
[normal range]

10 to 65 micromoles/L

6

amylase
[normal range]

25 to 125 units/L

7

bilirubin, total
[normal range]

0.1 to 1.0 mg/dl

8

blood urea nitrogen (BUN)
[normal range]

6 to 19 mg/dl

9

Calcium (Ca++)

8.4 to 10.2 mg/dl

10

cholesterol, total
[normal range]

< 200 mg/dl ➔ desirable
200 to 239 mg/dl ➔ borderline high
> 240 mg/dl ➔ high

11

cholesterol, HDL
[normal range]

> 60 mg/dl ➔ optimal
35 to 60 mg/dl ➔ normal
< 35 mg/dl ➔ ↑CAD risk

12

cholesterol, LDL
[normal range]

< 130 mg/dl

13

cholesterol, VLDL
[normal range]

20 to 40 mg/dl

14

triglycerides
[normal range]

35 to 160 mg/dl

15

cortisol
[normal range]

6 to 23 mcg/dl

16

creatinine
[normal range]

0.5 to 1.4 mg/dl

17

creatine kinase (CK)
[normal range]

male: 38 to 174 units/L
female: 96 to 140 units/L

18

CK-MB
[normal range]

< 4.0 ng/ml

19

gamma-glutamyl transferase (GGT)
[normal range]

5 to 85 units/L

20

glucose
[normal range]

FBG → 70 to 110 mg/dl
2° pp → < 140 mg/dl
GTT (3h) → 70 to 110 mg/dl

21

2-hour postprandial, glucose (2° pp)
[normal range]

< 140 mg/dl
(> may indicate diabetes mellitus)

22

glucose tolerance test (GTT)
[normal range]

After 3h values return to:
70 to 110 mg/dl

23

fasting blood glucose (FBG)
[normal range]

After 12 hour fast:
70 to 110 mg/dl

24

glycosylated hemoglobin (Hgb A1C)
[normal range]

3.0% to 6.1%

25

iron (Fe)
[normal range]

35 to 150 μg/dl

26

lactate dehydrogenase (LD)
[normal range]

91 to 180 units/L

27

lipase
[normal range]

7 to 58 units/L

28

lithium
[normal range]

0.6 to 1.2 mmol/L

29

magnesium
[normal range]

1.6 to 2.6 mg/dl

30

phosphorus
[normal range]

2.7 to 4.5 mg/dl

31

prostate-specific antigen (PSA)
[normal range]

0 to 4.0 ng/ml

32

total protein
[normal range]

6.0 to 8.3 g/dl

33

troponin I
[normal range]

< 1.0 ng/ml

34

uric acid
[normal range]

2.6 to 7.2 mg/dl

35

carbon dioxide (CO2)
[normal range]

22.0 to 30.0 mmol/L

36

chloride (Cl-)
[normal range]

101 to 110 mmol/L

37

potassium (K+)
[normal range]

3.5 to 5.0 mmol/L

38

sodium (Na+)
[normal range]

135 to 145 mmol/L

39

thyroglobulin
[normal range]

0 to 56 mg/ml

40

thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH)
[normal range]

0.34 to 5.6 million International Units/ml

41

thyroxine (T4)
[normal range]

6.1 to 12.2 ug/dl

42

triiodothyronine (T3) uptake
[normal range]

32% to 48.4%

43

lipid panel

Tube: SST (gold/tiger-top)

Analytes:
• Total cholesterol
• HDL
• LDL
• VLDL
• Triglycerides
• TC-to-HDL ratio

44

renal panel

Tube: SST (gold/tiger-top)

Analytes:
• albumin
• calcium
• creatinine
• electrolytes (Na+, K+, CO2, Cl-)
• glucose
• phosphate (PO4−3)
• BUN - CO(NH2)2

45

electrolyte panel

Tubes: Red & Green

Analytes:
• sodium (Na+)
• potassium (K+)
• chloride (Cl-)
• carbon dioxide (CO2)

46

basic metabolic panel (BMP)

Tube: SST (gold/tiger-top)

Analytes:
• calcium
c
• creatinine
• glucose
• BUN

47

comprehensive metabolic panel (CMP)

Tube: SST (gold/tiger-top)

Analytes:
• albumin
• total bilirubin
• creatinine
• glucose
• alkaline phosphatase
• Ca, HCO3-, Cl-, Na+, K+
• total protein
• BUN
• ALT
• AST

48

hepatic panel

Tube: SST (gold/tiger-top)

Analytes:
• ALT
• AST
• LD
• GGT
• bilirubin
• alkaline phosphatase

49

thyroid panel

• triiodothyronine (T3)
• thyroxine (T4)
• thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH)

50

cardiac panel

Tube: SST (gold/tiger-top)

Analytes:
• CK
• CK-MB
• troponin

51

ALT

alanine aminotransferase

52

AST

aspartate aminotransferase

53

BUN

blood urea nitrogen

54

LD

lactate dehydrogenase

55

GGT

gamma-glutamyl tansferase

56

CK

creatine kinase

57

T3

triiodothyronine

58

T4

thyroxine
(3,5,3',5'-tetraiodothyronine)

59

TSH

thyroid stimulating hormone

60

TC-to-HDL ratio
[CAD risk - Women]

½ avg. risk → 3.3
average risk → 4.4
2x avg. risk → 7.1
3x avg. risk → 11.0

61

TC-to-HDL ratio
[CAD risk - Men]

½ avg. risk → 3.4
average risk → 5.0
2x avg. risk → 9.6
3x avg. risk → 23.4