Terminology - Suffixes Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Terminology - Suffixes Deck (130):
1

-a

(noun ending)
e.g. cyanoderma

2

-ate

something that...
e.g. hemolysate

3

-e

(noun ending)
e.g. dermatome

4

-emia

blood condition
e.g. hyperglycemia

5

-er

one who
e.g. radiographer

6

-esis

condition of
e.g. enuresis

7

-ia

condition (noun ending)
e.g. paraplegia

8

-iatry

med tx or professional
e.g. podiatry

9

-ion

action, process
e.g. conduction

10

-ism

condition
e.g. hirsutism

11

-ist

practitioner
e.g. pharmacist

12

-ole

small or little
e.g. arteriole

13

-tion

process of
e.g. relaxation

14

-ula

small, little
e.g. macula

15

-ule

"small one"
e.g. venule

16

-um

(singular noun ending)
e.g. duodenum

17

-us

(singular noun ending)
e.g. coccus

18

-y

condition; process
e.g. myopathy

19

Rule:
(sing.) -a becomes...

(pl.) -ae
e.g. pleura ➔ pleurae

20

Rule:
(sing.) -ax becomes...

(pl.) -aces
e.g. thorax ➔ thoraces

21

Rule:
(sing.) -ix, -ex, yx become...

(pl.) -ices
e.g. apex ➔ apices

22

Rule:
(sing.) -on becomes...

(pl.) -a
e.g. ganglion ➔ ganglia

23

Rule:
(sing.) -um becomes...

(pl.) -a
e.g. bacterium ➔ bacteria

24

Rule:
(sing.) -us becomes...

(pl.) -i
e.g. thrombus ➔ thrombi

25

Rule:
(sing.) -ma becomes...

(pl.) -mata
e.g. fibroma ➔ fibromata

26

-ician

specialist in field of study
e.g. obstetrician

27

-iatrics

related to medicine, tx, or physicians
e.g. pediatrics

28

-iatrist

one who treats; a physician
e.g. psychiatrist

29

-ian

specialist in a field of study
e.g. geriatrician

30

-logist

one who studies/specializes
e.g. biologist

31

-logy

the study of
e.g. biology

32

-centesis

surgical puncture
e.g. amniocentesis

33

-clasis

crushing or breaking up
e.g. osteoclasis

34

-desis

binding or surgical fusion
e.g. arthrodesis

35

-ectomy

surgical removal
e.g. appendectomy

36

-gram

record or picture
e.g. electrocardiogram

37

-graphy

process of recording
e.g. electrocardiography

38

-ize

to make; to treat or combine with
e.g. anesthetize

39

-lysis

destruction or detachment
e.g. dialysis

40

-meter

an instrument used to measure
e.g. pelvimeter

41

-opsy

process of viewing
e.g. biopsy

42

-pexy

surgical fixation
e.g. colpopexy

43

-rrhaphy

suturing
e.g. nephrorrhaphy

44

-scope

process of viewing w/ a scope
e.g. colonoscope

45

-stomy

surgical creation of a new opening
e.g. colostomy

46

-tomy

incision into
e.g. phlebotomy

47

-tripsy

intentional crushing
e.g. lithotripsy

48

-ac

pertaining to (adj.)
e.g. cardiac

49

-ad

toward, increase
e.g. caudad

50

-al

pertaining to (adj.)
e.g. duodenal

51

-algesia

sensitivity to pain
e.g. analgesia

52

-algia

pain
e.g. cephalalgia

53

-ar

pertaining to (adj.)
e.g. ventricular

54

-ary

pertaining to; relating to
e.g. pulmonary

55

-ate

something that...
e.g. hemolysate

56

-blast

embryonic stage of dev.
e.g. leukoblast

57

-cele

swelling or herniation
e.g. cystocele

58

-centesis

surgical puncture
e.g. amniocentesis

59

-cide

to kill; to destroy
e.g. spermicide

60

-clasis

crushing or breaking up
e.g. osteoclasis

61

-cyte

cell
e.g. leukocyte

62

-desis

binding or surgical fusion
e.g. arthrodesis

63

-dynia

pain
e.g. cephalodynia

64

-e

(e is a noun ending)
e.g. dermatome

65

-eal

pertaining to
e.g. esophageal

66

-ectasia

stretching or dilatation
e.g. gastrectasia

67

-ectasis

stretching or dilatation
e.g. gastrectasis

68

-ectomy

surgical removal
e.g. appendectomy

69

-emia

blood condition
e.g. hyperglycemia

70

-er

one who
e.g. radiographer

71

-esis

condition of
e.g. enuresis

72

-gen

that which generates
e.g. glycogen

73

-genesis

generating; formation
e.g. lithogenesis

74

-genic

pertaining to formation, producing
e.g. lithogenic

75

-gram

record or picture
e.g. electrocardiogram

76

-graph

an instrument used to record
e.g. electrocardiograph

77

-graphy

process of recording
e.g. electrocardiography

78

-gravida

pregnancy
e.g. multigravida

79

-ia

condition; (noun ending)
e.g. paraplegia

80

-ian

specialist in a field of study
e.g. geriatrician

81

-iasis

presence of an abnormal condition
e.g. cholelithiasis

82

-iatric(s)

relating to medicine, physicians, or medical tx
e.g. pediatrics

83

-iatrician

one who treats; a physician
e.g. pediatrician

84

-iatrist

one who treats; a physician
e.g. psychiatrist

85

-iatry

medical tx/professional
e.g. psychiatry

86

-ic

pertaining to
e.g. thoracic

87

-ical

pertaining to
(combination of -ic + -al)
e.g. neurological

88

-ician

specialist in a field of study
e.g. obstetrician

89

-ile

pertaining to; capable
e.g. febrile

90

-ion

action; process
e.g. conduction

91

-ism

condition
e.g. hirsutism

92

-ist

practitioner
e.g pharmacist

93

-itis

inflammation
e.g. appendicitis

94

-ize

to make; to treat or combine with
e.g. anesthetize

95

-lepsy

seizure, attack
e.g. narcolepsy

96

-lith

stone
e.g. rhinolith

97

-lithiasis

presence or formation of stones
e.g. cholelithiasis

98

-logy

the study of
e.g. biology

99

-logist

one who specializes in the study of
e.g. biologist

100

-lysis

destruction or detachment
e.g. dialysis

101

-lytic

destruction
e.g. keratolytic

102

-mania

a mental disorder; a "madness"
e.g. megalomania

103

-megaly

enlargement
e.g. cardiomegaly

104

-meter

an instrument used to measure
e.g. pelvimeter

105

-metry

the process of measuring
e.g. pelvimetry

106

-oid

resembling
e.g. mucoid

107

-ole

small or little
e.g. arteriole

108

-oma

tumor
e.g. lipoma

109

-opia

visual condition
e.g. myopia

110

-opsia

visual condition
e.g. hemanopsia

111

-opsy

process of viewing
e.g. biopsy

112

-ory

pertain to; characterized by
e.g. auditory

113

-osis

condition
e.g. cyanosis

114

-ous

pertaining to
e.g. venous

115

-pathy

disease
e.g. adenopathy

116

-penia

decrease in; deficiency
e.g. leukocytopenia

117

-philia

attraction to
e.g. necrophilia

118

-plasia

formation or development
e.g. hyperplasia

119

-plasty

surgical repair
e.g. rhinoplasty

120

-plegia

paralysis
e.g. hemiplegia

120

-rrhagia

excessive flow or discharge
e.g. gastrorrhagia

121

-pnea

breathing
e.g. dyspnea

121

-rrhea

discharge; flow
e.g. rhinorrhea

122

-ptosis

drooping or prolapse
e.g. colpoptosis

122

-rrhexis

rupture
e.g. arteriorrhexis

123

-scopy

the process of viewing with a scope
e.g. ophthalmoscopy

124

-stasis

stopping or controlling
e.g. hemostasis; venostasis

125

-tic

pertaining to
e.g. cyanotic

126

-uria

a characteristic of the urine
e.g. hematuria

127

-y

condition; process (noun ending)
e.g. myopathy