Lab Med Flashcards Preview

3 Path Unit > Lab Med > Flashcards

Flashcards in Lab Med Deck (34)
Loading flashcards...
1

Plasma=?

Whole blood - RBC's and wbc.

2

Serum=?

Everything not in the clot.

3

Lab med at UIHC includes what services? (Don't mem, just review)

Lots. (chem, heme, immune, micro, molecular, transfusion, point of service, mailouts)

4

What comprises a basic metabolic panel?

electrolytes, BUN, creatinine, glucose

5

What falls under molecular category?

hereditary coagulopathies (not Heme department!), genetics, molecular infectious disease (not micro department!), oncology testing (not Heme department!)

6

Plasma should be used for what tests?

Most chemistry.

7

Serum should be used for what tests?

Serology (antibodies) & electrophoresis

8

Whole blood should be used for what tests?

CBC, heavy metals, imunosuppressants

9

I allow blood to clot, and take what's left. This is?

Serum

10

I centrifuge blood, take the supernatant. This is?

Plasma

11

Red top tubes consist of what? Collect serum or plasma?

-Plastic with clot activators
-serum (recall serology, electrophoresis)

12

What are problems with red tubes?

microclots, must wait 30 min to clot (aided by inversion)

13

Serum separator tubes consist of? What color top? Clinical use?

-Basically a "red top" tube plus gel.
-Tiger
-Aspergillus galactomannan (avoids contamination from tube opening)

14

EDTA tubes have what added? What color top? Clinical use?

-Potassium-EDTA to prevent clotting (for plasma or whole blood)
-Pink
-CBC, sed rate, DNA, or drug tests

15

Plasma separator tubes have what added? Color? Use?

-Lithium heparin to prevent clotting and gel
-Green top
-metabolic panel and liver enzymes

16

What are the problems of plasma separator tubes?

Don't use for lithium drug levels or "some assays"

17

What color top is a sodium citrate tube? Use? Problem?

-Blue
-coag tests!!
-Inadequate filling of tube (relative excess of anticoagulant)

18

Trace metal tubes are what color top? Use?

-"Royal" (dark) blue
-contain NO trace metals, so use for metal tests. (but can use regular EDTA tube for lead test)

19

What 2 priorities govern blood draw order?

1) Sterility
2) Additives

20

What is proper draw order for the KEY examples? (note some are left out)

citrate (for coag tests), serum tubes (red and tiger), plasma tubes (Li-Hep), EDTA (plasma or whole blood)

[This would be: blue, red, green, pink]

21

ACTH, ammonia, homocysteine, lactate, and cryoglobulin tests have what in common?

Add-on orders not allowed due to limited stability

22

Hemolysis causes what tests to increase in value?

AST, LDH, K, Hgb

23

Hemolysis causes what tests to decrease in value?

insulin

24

Lipemia (usually due to triglycerides) causes what problems?

-hemolysis
-low visibility for optical tests (can use pheresis to remove lipid plasma)

25

bilirubin/icterus causes what lab test problems?

spectrophotometry & common labs

26

What problems face genetic testing?

cost, monopolies, reimbursement

27

How are most tests reimbursed?

by diagnosis-related group (fixed amount for diagnosis regardless of number of tests or length of stay)

28

patients have a hard time getting authorization for in or outpatient tests?

out. (in just gets crazy w/ deductibles, etc)

29

Expensive tests are usually?

genetic to reference labs

30

T/F Genes can be patented?

False, but true for anyone other than Myriad Genetics
(What does that mean?)