What bone is labeled 1?
What bone is labeled 2?
What bone is labeled 3?
What bone is labeled 4?
What bone is labeled 5?
What bone is labeled 6?
What bone is labeled 7?
What bone is labeled 8?
What bone is labeled 9?
What bone is labeled 10?
What bone is labeled 11?
What bone is labeled 12?
What bone is labeled 13?
What is the plane that splits the body in two halves the left and right?
What is the plane that splits the body in half top and bottom
Transverse (or horizontal)
What is the plane that splits the body in half front and back?
Coronal (or frontal)
For limbs what does proximal mean?
For limbs what does distal mean?
away from trunk
What does medial mean?
What does lateral mean?
Away from midline
What does superior (cranial) mean?
What does inferior (caudal) mean?
What does anterior (venral) mean?
In front (front of body)
What does posterior (dorsal) mean?
Behind (Back of body)
What term replaces anterior and posterior for hands?
palmar and dorsal respectively
What terms replace anterior and posterior for feet?
plantar and dorsal respectively
What terms replace anterior and posterior for the cranium?
Internal and external
expanded articular end of long bones
the long ‘shaft’ of long bones
Define articular surface
the location where two or more bones make contact and (usually) allow movement
What type of bone is compact?
What type of bone is cancellous
Identify numbers 1 - 6 and section A, B and C of the bone in the diagram
1. articullar cartilage
2. cancellous bone
3. epiphyseal plate
4. marrow cavity
6. compact bone
A. epiphysis head
B. diaphysis shaft
a rounded articular process. E.g., the medial and lateral condyles on the tibia and femur
a ridge of bone to which muscles are attached. E.g., Illiac crest of the os coxae
bony projection; usually not as prominent as a process. E.g., mental eminence of the mandible
nonarticular projection adjacent to a condyle. E.g., the medial epicondyle of the humerus is located medial to the trochlea
a small, smooth, generally flat or slightly convex or concave surface. E.g., costal facet
large , rounded, usually articular end of the bone. E.g., the head of the humerus is the superior end of the bone. Note: the head of the ulna is distal, not proximal
a bony prominence. E.g., the olecranon process of the proximal ulna
a rounded protuberance adjacent to the ankle joint. E.g., the lateral malleolus on the fibula and the medial malleolus on the tibia
the narrow section of a bone between the head and the shaft. E.g., the femoral neck
a “pen” like projection (think of stylus=pen). E.g., the styloid process
two large, prominent, blunt, rugose processes found on the femur
a large, usually rugose (roughened) eminence of variable shape; often a site of tendon or ligament attachment. E.g., the deltoid tuberosity on the humerus, the tibial tuberosity on the tibia
small tuberosity; generally rounded. E.g., the conoid tubercule is found on the inferior surface of the clavicle
an opening through a bone, usually a passage for blood vessels and nerves. E.g., the foramen magnum of the cranium.
a depressed area; usually broad and shallow. E.g., the olecranon fossa on the humerus
a pit-like, depressed area; usually smaller than a fossa
a depressed area where another bone articulates – usually named for the bone that fits into the notch rather than the bone on which it is found. E.g., radial notch on ulna; ulnar notch on radius
What is the difference in whole pelvis in males and females?
Female - fewer muscle markings (gracile), circular opening and spacious
Male - more muscle markings (robust), more funneled heart shape opening
What is the difference in the pelvic inlet in males and females?
Female - spacious, circular and elliptical
Male - more funneled, heart shaped
What is the difference in the greater striatic notch in males and females?
Female - broad, shallow
Male - Narrow, deep
What is the difference in orburtrator foraman in males and females?
Female - smaller, more triangular
Male - larger, oval shaped
What is the difference in the pubic body in males and females?
Female - long and triangular shape
Male - short and triangular shape
What is the difference in the sacrum in males and females?
Females - Relatively flat anterioposteriorly curvature most pronounced on S3 - S5
Males - Most curved anterioposteriorly and more uniformly so
What is the difference in the subpubic angle in males and females?
Female - larger, wider
Male - smaller, narrower
What is the difference in the chin in males and females?
Female - rounded with a point on the midline
Male - more square
What is the difference in the mental protuberance or mental eminence in males and females?
Female - smaller
Male - larger
What is the difference in the glabella in females and males?
Females - When cranium viewed from the side, profile of the glabella/suborbital tori is less prominent
Males - When cranium viewed from the side, profile of the glabella/suborbital tori is more prominent
What is the difference in the mastoid process in females and males?
Females - smaller
Males - Larger
What is the difference in the nuchal crest in females and males?
Females - smaller, smoother
Males - larger, more rugged
What is the difference in the suborbital margins in females and males?
Females - more sharp
Males - more rounded/blunt