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ANTHRO209 - Biological Anthro > Lab Quiz > Flashcards

Flashcards in Lab Quiz Deck (63):
1

What bone is labeled 1?

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Clavicle

2

What bone is labeled 2? 

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Scapula

3

What bone is labeled 3?

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Sternum

4

What bone is labeled 4?

Humerus

5

What bone is labeled 5?

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Ribs

6

What bone is labeled 6?

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Vertebral column

7

What bone is labeled 7?

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Pelvis

8

What bone is labeled 8?

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Radius

9

What bone is labeled 9?

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Ulna

10

What bone is labeled 10?

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Femur

11

What bone is labeled 11?

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Patella

12

What bone is labeled 12?

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Tibia

13

What bone is labeled 13?

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Fibula

14

What is the plane that splits the body in two halves the left and right?

Saggital

15

What is the plane that splits the body in half top and bottom 

Transverse (or horizontal)

16

What is the plane that splits the body in half front and back?

Coronal (or frontal)

17

For limbs what does proximal mean?

toward trunk

18

For limbs what does distal mean?

away from trunk

19

What does medial mean?

Toward midline

20

What does lateral mean?

Away from midline

21

What does superior (cranial) mean?

Above (top)

22

What does inferior (caudal) mean?

below (bottom)

23

What does anterior (venral) mean?

In front (front of body)

24

What does posterior (dorsal) mean?

Behind (Back of body)

25

What term replaces anterior and posterior for hands?

palmar and dorsal respectively

26

What terms replace anterior and posterior for feet?

plantar and dorsal respectively

27

What terms replace anterior and posterior for the cranium?

Internal and external

28

Define epiphysis

expanded articular end of long bones

29

Define diaphysis

the long ‘shaft’ of long bones

30

Define articular surface

the location where two or more bones make contact and (usually) allow movement

31

What type of bone is compact?

cortical

32

What type of bone is cancellous

Trabecular, Spongy

33

Identify numbers 1 - 6 and section A, B and C of the bone in the diagram

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1. articullar cartilage

2. cancellous bone

3. epiphyseal plate

4. marrow cavity

5. periosteum

6. compact bone

A. epiphysis head

B. diaphysis shaft

C. epiphysis

34

Define condyle

a rounded articular process. E.g., the medial and lateral condyles on the tibia and femur

35

Define crest

a ridge of bone to which muscles are attached. E.g., Illiac crest of the os coxae

36

Define eminence

bony projection; usually not as prominent as a process. E.g., mental eminence of the mandible

37

Define epicondyle

nonarticular projection adjacent to a condyle. E.g., the medial epicondyle of the humerus is located medial to the trochlea

38

Define facet

a small, smooth, generally flat or slightly convex or concave surface. E.g., costal facet

39

Define head  

large , rounded, usually articular end of the bone. E.g., the head of the humerus is the superior end of the bone. Note: the head of the ulna is distal, not proximal

40

Define process

a bony prominence. E.g., the olecranon process of the proximal ulna

41

Define malleolus

a rounded protuberance adjacent to the ankle joint. E.g., the lateral malleolus on the fibula and the medial malleolus on the tibia

42

Define neck

the narrow section of a bone between the head and the shaft. E.g., the femoral neck

43

Define styloid

a “pen” like projection (think of stylus=pen). E.g., the styloid process

44

Define trochanters

two large, prominent, blunt, rugose processes found on the femur

45

Define tuberosity

a large, usually rugose (roughened) eminence of variable shape; often a site of tendon or ligament attachment. E.g., the deltoid tuberosity on the humerus, the tibial tuberosity on the tibia

46

Define tubercule

small tuberosity; generally rounded. E.g., the conoid tubercule is found on the inferior surface of the clavicle

47

Define foramen

an opening through a bone, usually a passage for blood vessels and nerves. E.g., the foramen magnum of the cranium.

48

Define fossa  

a depressed area; usually broad and shallow. E.g., the olecranon fossa on the humerus

49

Define fovea

a pit-like, depressed area; usually smaller than a fossa

50

Define notch

a depressed area where another bone articulates – usually named for the bone that fits into the notch rather than the bone on which it is found. E.g., radial notch on ulna; ulnar notch on radius

51

What is the difference in whole pelvis in males and females?

Female - fewer muscle markings (gracile), circular opening and spacious

Male - more muscle markings (robust), more funneled heart shape opening

52

What is the difference in the pelvic inlet in males and females?

Female - spacious, circular and elliptical

Male - more funneled, heart shaped

53

What is the difference in the greater striatic notch in males and females?

Female - broad, shallow

Male - Narrow, deep

54

What is the difference in orburtrator foraman in males and females?

Female - smaller, more triangular

Male - larger, oval shaped

55

What is the difference in the pubic body in males and females?

Female - long and triangular shape

Male - short and triangular shape

56

What is the difference in the sacrum in males and females?

Females - Relatively flat anterioposteriorly curvature most pronounced on S3 - S5

Males - Most curved anterioposteriorly and more uniformly so 

57

What is the difference in the subpubic angle in males and females?

Female - larger, wider

Male - smaller, narrower

58

What is the difference in the chin in males and females?

Female - rounded with a point on the midline

Male - more square

59

What is the difference in the mental protuberance or mental eminence in males and females?

Female - smaller

Male - larger

60

What is the difference in the glabella in females and males?

Females - When cranium viewed from the side, profile of the glabella/suborbital tori is less prominent

Males - When cranium viewed from the side, profile of the glabella/suborbital tori is more prominent

61

What is the difference in the mastoid process in females and males?

Females - smaller

Males - Larger

62

What is the difference in the nuchal crest in females and males?

Females - smaller, smoother

Males - larger, more rugged

63

What is the difference in the suborbital margins in females and males?

Females - more sharp

Males - more rounded/blunt