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Flashcards in Lab Test #1 Deck (114):
1

What is our method of classification?

Taxonomic key

2

This is based on the structures of organisms and helps simplify the studying of the vast existence of organisms present on Earth

Taxonomic key

3

What is used in classifying the major groups of organisms

3 domain approach

4

Which domain contains single-celled organisms that lack membrane bound organelles and can be found in enviornments that are too hostile for other life forms?

Archae

5

Which domain contains all other bacteria?

Bacteria

6

Which domain contains all the Eukaryotic organisms that make up the protista, fungi, plantae, and animalia kingdoms?

Eukarya

7

These 3 domains contain how many kingdoms?

6

8

What were Kingdom Archaebacteria and
Eubacteria originally called?

Kingdom Monera

9

Both Archaebacteria and Eubacteria include bacteria like organims whose cells have no organized what?

Nucleus

10

Kingdom (blank) represents the ancient bacteria while the Kingdom (blank) represents the more recently evolved bacteria.

Archaebacteria
Eubacteria

11

Which kingdom includes single-celled plant-like and animal-like organims?

Protista

12

Which kingdom includes non-photosynthetic organisms usually with non-cellulose cell walls?

Fungi

13

Which kingdom is comprised of photosynthetic organisms with chlorophyll a and b and cellulose cells walls?

Plantae

14

Which kingdom contains usually motile, multicellular consumers?

Animalia

15

Name the classifications in order.

Domain, Kingdom, Phylum, Class, Order, Family, Genus, Species

16

Name the kingdom. Heterotrophic forms, prokaryotic, unicellular, ancient

Archaebacteria

17

Name the kingdom. Autotrophic forms, prokaryotic, unicellular, more recently evolved

Eubacteria

18

Name the kingdom. Eukaryotic, unicellular or colonial, autotrophic and heterotrophic forms

Protista

19

Sprilium is an example of what

Archaebacteria

20

Nostoc and Oscillatoria are examples of what

Eubacteria

21

Name the Phylum. pseupodia- "false foot" Ex. Amoeba

Sarcondina

22

Name the Phylum. Ciliated Ex. Paramecium

Ciliophora

23

Flagellates Ex. Trypanosoma

Mastigophora

24

Non-motile Ex. Plasmodium

Sporozoa

25

Dinoflagellates Ex. Gymnodinium, Gonyaulax, or Noctiluca

Pyrrophyta

26

Golden Algae Ex. diatoms

Chrysophyta

27

Flagellated Ex. Euglena

Euglenophyta

28

Green algae, can be unicellular or multicellular Ex. Chlamydomonas, Spirogyra, Acetabularia, Volvox, and Ulva

Chlorophyta

29

Brown algae, almost all multicellular Ex. Laminaria, Sargassum, and Fucus

Phaeophyta

30

Red algae, almost all multicellular Ex. Polysiphonia

Rhodophyta

31

Plasmodial slime molds

Myxomycota

32

Water molds

Oomycota

33

Cellular slime molds

Acrasiomycota

34

name the kingdom. Eukaryotic, hyphae present, heterotrophic forms

Fungi

35

Black bread mold Ex. Rhizopus

Zygomycota

36

Sac fungi Ex. yeasts, morels, and Aspergillus

Ascomycota

37

Club fungi Ex. Mushrooms and shelf fungi

Basidiomycota

38

(Green mold)Imperfect fungi Ex. Penicillium

Deuteromycota

39

Name the kingdom. Eukaryotic, multicellular, and autotrophic

Plantae

40

Nonvascular terrestrial plants, liverworts, and mosses

Bryophyta

41

Dichotomously branched stem, no roots or leaves

Psilophyta

42

Microphyllous leaves Ex. Lycopodium, club mosses

Lycophyta

43

Horstails

Sphenophyta

44

Megaphyllous leaves (fronds), reproduction by spores Ex. Polypodium and Boston fern

Pterophyta

45

Seeds produced in cones Ex. Pinus, Zamia, and Pine

Coniferphyta

46

Cycads

Cycadophyta

47

Ginnkgo

Ginkgophyta

48

Gnetophytes

Gnetophyta

49

How many kingdoms are presently acknowledged?

6

50

Which is higher... Class or Order?
Family or Class?
Genus or Phylum?

Class
Class
Phylum

51

Generic name of green mold

Penicillium

52

Heterotrophic, unicellular, prokaryotic forms

Archae

53

Common name for Rhizopus

Black bread mold

54

Kingdom of Amoeba

Protista

55

Phylum of a ciliated protozoan

Ciliophora

56

name a non motile protozoan

Sporozoa

57

Phylum of Sargassum

Phaetophyta

58

Kingdoms of decomposers composed primarily of hyphae

Fungi

59

Kingdoms of Eukarytotic forms

Archaebacteria and Eubacteria

60

Organism possessing a psuedopod

Amoeba

61

Kingdom of mushrooms

Fungi

62

Phylum of mushrooms

Basidiomycota

63

Phylum of red algae

Rhodphyta

64

Phylum of water molds

Oomycota

65

What are the plant-like protistans that can exist in unicellular or multicellular forms called?

Algae

66

Pyrrophyta is also called (blank) because of their possession of two flagella and cellulose plates comprising the cell wall

Dinoflagellates

67

When disturbed (blank) sparkle which can be seen at night

Dinoflagellates

68

What are responsible for "red tides" which cause massive fish kills

Dinoflagellates or Pyrrophyta

69

Golden Algae or Diatoms

Chrysophyta

70

Members of this phylum are beautiful, unicellular works of art when viewed under the microscope

Chrysophyta

71

The cell walls of diatoms are comprised of (blank) glass shells

Silica

72

Empty shells are referred to as what

Tests

73

(blank) store oil and may be a source of our undersea oil reserves

Diatoms

74

Members of this phylum are interesting in that they display both plant like characteristics and animal like characteristics

Euglenophyta

75

These are often found in freshwater or stagnant, polluted waters

Euglenophyta

76

A (blank) allows the euglenoids to find suitable conditions

Light-sensitive Eyespot

77

Brown algae including large kelps and seaweeds

Phaeophyta

78

A (blank) adheres the algae to a smooth surface at the bottom of the ocean while the phtosynthetic portion floats with the use of the (blank) located on the leaf-like blade of the algae

Holdfast
Airbladders

79

(Blank) material in their cell walls make them a key ingredient in baked goods, jellies, and cosmetics. Which phylum?

Mucous- Phodophyta

80

Animal like protistans are often referred to as protozoans which means what

first animals

81

Psuedopods can be used to obtain food through a process called what

phagocytosis

82

While the amoeboid protzoans are "naked" the (blank and blank) have calcium carbonate and silica exoskeletons

Foraminiferans and radiolarians

83

Phylum Ciliphora is unique in possessing two different nuclei. The large (blank) controls the cell's general activites while the smaller (blank) is involved in sexual reproductin

Macronucleus
Micronucleus

84

All members of this phylum are highly specialized in parasitic ways of life

Sporozoa

85

Their life cycle includes a sexual stage that alternates with a spore-producing asexual stage

Sporozoa

86

What does it mean to obtain nutrients from nonliving organic material while others obtain nutrients from the tissue of a living host

-Saprobic
-Parasitic

87

The food absorbing portion of the fungal body is called what and is composed of mesh filaments called what

-Mycelium
-Hyphae

88

The kingdom fungi is divided into how many divisions

4

89

Reproduce through the production of a zygospore

Zygomycota

90

What is the gun fungus `

Pilobus

91

A fingerlike sac called ascus produces eight (blank) during sexual reproduction

Ascospores

92

The mushrooms or (blank) is the fruiting body which produces the basidiospores

Basidiocarp

93

The condiospores form on the upright hyphae known as the conidiophores in whcih phylum

Deuteromycota

94

Lichens are an exmaple of what

Symbiosis

95

What is a close ecological association between two species, involving a fungus and an algae

Symbiosis

96

Lichens are found in three forms, what are they?

Crustose, foliose, and fruticose

97

The 3 structures on the outside of a flower are called what? inside?

-Sepals (outside)
-Petals (inside)

98

Normally outside of the sepals there are two or three green leaves called what

bracts

99

The bracts, sepals, and petals are all considered what

Sterile

100

If they are sterile means they do not produce reproductive cells. T or F

True

101

The purpose of the what and what are to protect the developing bud while the function of the what is to attract a biotic vector

-bracts and sepals
-petals

102

What are the fertile part of the flower?

Stamen and pistil

103

The what is the male reproductive structure and is located next to the petals

Stamen

104

What are the two parts to the stamen?

Anther and filament

105

What is a sac like structure which produces pollen

Anther

106

What is a stalk that supports the anther

Filament

107

The anther is actually what

Sporangium

108

The anther produces spores that develop into what

Pollen Grains

109

When the pollen grain is functionally mature is produces how many sperm male gametes?

2

110

What is the female reproductive organ that is typically located in the center of the flower

Pistil

111

What are the three parts to the pistil

Stigma, Style, Ovary

112

A three lobed structre

Stigma

113

An elongated, stalk like structure

Style

114

The enlarged basal portion of the pistil

Ovary