Flashcards in Lab Test #1 Deck (114):
What is our method of classification?
This is based on the structures of organisms and helps simplify the studying of the vast existence of organisms present on Earth
What is used in classifying the major groups of organisms
3 domain approach
Which domain contains single-celled organisms that lack membrane bound organelles and can be found in enviornments that are too hostile for other life forms?
Which domain contains all other bacteria?
Which domain contains all the Eukaryotic organisms that make up the protista, fungi, plantae, and animalia kingdoms?
These 3 domains contain how many kingdoms?
What were Kingdom Archaebacteria and
Eubacteria originally called?
Both Archaebacteria and Eubacteria include bacteria like organims whose cells have no organized what?
Kingdom (blank) represents the ancient bacteria while the Kingdom (blank) represents the more recently evolved bacteria.
Which kingdom includes single-celled plant-like and animal-like organims?
Which kingdom includes non-photosynthetic organisms usually with non-cellulose cell walls?
Which kingdom is comprised of photosynthetic organisms with chlorophyll a and b and cellulose cells walls?
Which kingdom contains usually motile, multicellular consumers?
Name the classifications in order.
Domain, Kingdom, Phylum, Class, Order, Family, Genus, Species
Name the kingdom. Heterotrophic forms, prokaryotic, unicellular, ancient
Name the kingdom. Autotrophic forms, prokaryotic, unicellular, more recently evolved
Name the kingdom. Eukaryotic, unicellular or colonial, autotrophic and heterotrophic forms
Sprilium is an example of what
Nostoc and Oscillatoria are examples of what
Name the Phylum. pseupodia- "false foot" Ex. Amoeba
Name the Phylum. Ciliated Ex. Paramecium
Flagellates Ex. Trypanosoma
Non-motile Ex. Plasmodium
Dinoflagellates Ex. Gymnodinium, Gonyaulax, or Noctiluca
Golden Algae Ex. diatoms
Flagellated Ex. Euglena
Green algae, can be unicellular or multicellular Ex. Chlamydomonas, Spirogyra, Acetabularia, Volvox, and Ulva
Brown algae, almost all multicellular Ex. Laminaria, Sargassum, and Fucus
Red algae, almost all multicellular Ex. Polysiphonia
Plasmodial slime molds
Cellular slime molds
name the kingdom. Eukaryotic, hyphae present, heterotrophic forms
Black bread mold Ex. Rhizopus
Sac fungi Ex. yeasts, morels, and Aspergillus
Club fungi Ex. Mushrooms and shelf fungi
(Green mold)Imperfect fungi Ex. Penicillium
Name the kingdom. Eukaryotic, multicellular, and autotrophic
Nonvascular terrestrial plants, liverworts, and mosses
Dichotomously branched stem, no roots or leaves
Microphyllous leaves Ex. Lycopodium, club mosses
Megaphyllous leaves (fronds), reproduction by spores Ex. Polypodium and Boston fern
Seeds produced in cones Ex. Pinus, Zamia, and Pine
How many kingdoms are presently acknowledged?
Which is higher... Class or Order?
Family or Class?
Genus or Phylum?
Generic name of green mold
Heterotrophic, unicellular, prokaryotic forms
Common name for Rhizopus
Black bread mold
Kingdom of Amoeba
Phylum of a ciliated protozoan
name a non motile protozoan
Phylum of Sargassum
Kingdoms of decomposers composed primarily of hyphae
Kingdoms of Eukarytotic forms
Archaebacteria and Eubacteria
Organism possessing a psuedopod
Kingdom of mushrooms
Phylum of mushrooms
Phylum of red algae
Phylum of water molds
What are the plant-like protistans that can exist in unicellular or multicellular forms called?
Pyrrophyta is also called (blank) because of their possession of two flagella and cellulose plates comprising the cell wall
When disturbed (blank) sparkle which can be seen at night
What are responsible for "red tides" which cause massive fish kills
Dinoflagellates or Pyrrophyta
Golden Algae or Diatoms
Members of this phylum are beautiful, unicellular works of art when viewed under the microscope
The cell walls of diatoms are comprised of (blank) glass shells
Empty shells are referred to as what
(blank) store oil and may be a source of our undersea oil reserves
Members of this phylum are interesting in that they display both plant like characteristics and animal like characteristics
These are often found in freshwater or stagnant, polluted waters
A (blank) allows the euglenoids to find suitable conditions
Brown algae including large kelps and seaweeds
A (blank) adheres the algae to a smooth surface at the bottom of the ocean while the phtosynthetic portion floats with the use of the (blank) located on the leaf-like blade of the algae
(Blank) material in their cell walls make them a key ingredient in baked goods, jellies, and cosmetics. Which phylum?
Animal like protistans are often referred to as protozoans which means what
Psuedopods can be used to obtain food through a process called what
While the amoeboid protzoans are "naked" the (blank and blank) have calcium carbonate and silica exoskeletons
Foraminiferans and radiolarians
Phylum Ciliphora is unique in possessing two different nuclei. The large (blank) controls the cell's general activites while the smaller (blank) is involved in sexual reproductin
All members of this phylum are highly specialized in parasitic ways of life
Their life cycle includes a sexual stage that alternates with a spore-producing asexual stage
What does it mean to obtain nutrients from nonliving organic material while others obtain nutrients from the tissue of a living host
The food absorbing portion of the fungal body is called what and is composed of mesh filaments called what
The kingdom fungi is divided into how many divisions
Reproduce through the production of a zygospore
What is the gun fungus `
A fingerlike sac called ascus produces eight (blank) during sexual reproduction
The mushrooms or (blank) is the fruiting body which produces the basidiospores
The condiospores form on the upright hyphae known as the conidiophores in whcih phylum
Lichens are an exmaple of what
What is a close ecological association between two species, involving a fungus and an algae
Lichens are found in three forms, what are they?
Crustose, foliose, and fruticose
The 3 structures on the outside of a flower are called what? inside?
Normally outside of the sepals there are two or three green leaves called what
The bracts, sepals, and petals are all considered what
If they are sterile means they do not produce reproductive cells. T or F
The purpose of the what and what are to protect the developing bud while the function of the what is to attract a biotic vector
-bracts and sepals
What are the fertile part of the flower?
Stamen and pistil
The what is the male reproductive structure and is located next to the petals
What are the two parts to the stamen?
Anther and filament
What is a sac like structure which produces pollen
What is a stalk that supports the anther
The anther is actually what
The anther produces spores that develop into what
When the pollen grain is functionally mature is produces how many sperm male gametes?
What is the female reproductive organ that is typically located in the center of the flower
What are the three parts to the pistil
Stigma, Style, Ovary
A three lobed structre
An elongated, stalk like structure