Lab Test #3 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Lab Test #3 Deck (148):
1

Larynx, Trachea, and Esophagus are apart of what?

Throat

2

Lungs, Diaphragm, and Heart are apart of what?

Thoracic Cavity

3

Cranial lobes, Middle lobes, Caudal lobes, and Accessory lobe are apart of what?

Lungs

4

Mesentary, Liver, StomachSpleen, Small Intestine, Gall Bladder, Pancreas, and Large Intestine are apart of what?

Abdominal Cavity

5

Right median lobe, Left median lobe, Right lateral lobe, Left lateral lobe, and Caudate are apart of what?

Liver

6

Duodenum, Jejunum, and Ileum are apart of what?

Small Intestine

7

Cecum, Ascending colon, Transverse colon, Descending colon, Rectum, and Anus are apart of what?

Large Intestine

8

Airway leading to lungs: contains vocal cords

Larynx

9

Also called the windpipe

Trachea

10

Muscular tube after the pharynx and leading to stomach

Esophagus

11

Organs use for oxygen-carbon dioxide exchange

Lungs

12

Muscular partition between thoraic and abdominal cavites

Diaphram

13

Muscular pump; keeps blood circulating through the body

Heart

14

Muscular, stretchable sac; mixes and stores ingested food

Stomach

15

Filtering station for blood; reservior for red blood cells

Spleen

16

Absorbs digested food; consists of duodenum, jejunum, and ileumn

Small Intestine

17

Secrets bile; plays a role in carbohydrate, fat, and protein metabolism

Liver

18

Concentrates and stores undigested matter

Large Intestine

19

Stores and concentrates bile

Gall Bladder

20

Secretes enzymes that break down all major food molecules

Pancreas

21

End of digestive system; opening where feces are expelled

Anus

22

Channel for urine flow from the kidney to the bladder

Ureters

23

Channel for urine flow from the bladder to the outside of the body

Urethra

24

Stretchable container for temporarily storing urine

Urinary bladder

25

Primary reproductive organs of female; oocyte production

Ovary

26

Passage in the male through which testis descends into the scrotum

Inguinal Canal

27

Constantly filters water and all solutes except proteins from the blood

Kidney

28

One of a pair of ducts for transporting sperm

Ductus Deferens

29

Found in a female; forms part of birth canal and recieves sperm

Vagina

30

Male copulatory organ; provides passageway for sperm or urine

Penis

31

What provides the framework for the body structure, produces blood cells, provides protection for the brain, spinal cord, heart, and lungs, acts as levers to aid body movement and stores various inorganic salts

Human Skeleton

32

The adult human skeleton consists of at least how many bones?

206

33

The human skeleton is divided up into what two groups?

Axial Skeleton and Appendicular Skeleton

34

What consists of the bones including the skull, ribs, sternum, vertebrae, hyoid bone, and the bones of the middle ear

Axial Skeleton

35

What consists of the bones of the upper and lower extremities and the bones that attach them to the skeleton the pectoral girdle and the pelvic girdle

Appendicular Skeleton

36

What is the point of contact between bones?

A joint or articulation

37

What is the correct anatomical position?

Upright position, facing the observer(forward), arms are at side with palms facing forward

38

Toward the head or upper part of the body

Superior

39

Away from the head or toward the lower part of the body

Inferior

40

Front surface of the body

Anterior (Ventral)

41

Back surface of the body

Posterior (Dorsal)

42

Near the midline of the body

Medial

43

Farther away from the midline of the body

Lateral

44

Nearer the point of attachment to the body

Proximal

45

Farther from the point of attachment to the body

Distal

46

What are the types of joints?

1. Immovable
2. Slightly Movable
3. Freely movable

47

What are the freely movable joints?

-Ball and socket
-Hinge
-Gliding
-Pivot

48

What gives movement in all directions?

Ball and socket

49

What gives bending movement in one plane?

Hinge

50

What gives movement from side to side?

Gliding

51

What gives roation movement?

Pivot

52

Shoulder and Hip have what joint?

Ball and socket

53

Elbow and Knee have what joint?

Hinge

54

Wrist and ankle have what joint?

Gliding

55

Atlas and axis and between the ulna and radius have what joint?

Pivot

56

The radius is on the (blank) side of the forearm.

Lateral

57

The nose is (blank) to the mouth.

Superior

58

The heart is (blank) to the sternum.

Dorsal

59

The carpals are (blank) to the phalanges.

Proximal

60

The sternum is (blank) to the vertebral column.

Anterior

61

Forehead= ?

Frontal

62

Temple= ?

Temporal

63

Back of head= ?

Occipital

64

Cheek bone= ?

Zygomatic

65

Bridge of nose= ?

Nasal

66

Vertebra of the neck= ?

Cervical

67

Chest vertebrae= ?

Thoraic

68

Small of back= ?

Lumbar

69

Tail bones= ?

Coccyx

70

Breast bone= ?

Sternum

71

Shoulder girdle= ?

Pectoral

72

Hip Girdle= ?

Pelvis

73

Collar bone= ?

Clavicle

74

Shoulder blade= ?

Scapula

75

Upper arm= ?

Humerous

76

Forearm(Medial)= ?

Ulna

77

Wrist= ?

Carpals

78

Palm= ?

Metacarpals

79

Fingers/Toes= ?

Phalanges

80

Hip Socket= ?

Acetabulum

81

Thigh= ?

Femur

82

Knee Cap= ?

Patella

83

Lower leg(Lateral)= ?

Fibula

84

Lower leg(Medial)= ?

Tibia

85

Ankle= ?

Tarsals

86

Arch of foot= ?

Metatarsals

87

Forearm(Lateral)= ?

Radius

88

What is another name for the skull?

Cranium

89

What are the areas between the skull bones of an infant called?

Fotanels

90

What are the air spaces withinthe skull called?

Sinuses

91

What is the type of joint with the widest range of motion called?

Ball and socket

92

What is the longest bone in the body?

Femur

93

Which bones forms the heel of the foot?

Calcaneous

94

Which is the most prominent bone of the elbow?

Humerous (funny bone)

95

Which of the ribs are attached to the sternum by cartilage venturally and to the vertebral column dorsally?

True Ribs

96

There are more than (blank) muscles in the human body.

400

97

The muscles make up what percent of body weight?

35-45%

98

The three types of muscles that make up the muscular system are what?

Skeletal, Smooth, and Cardiac

99

What is the shortening of a muscle called?

Contraction

100

What is the returning of the muscle to its original position called?

Relaxation

101

Muscles (blank) push

Cannot

102

What are dense fibrous connective tissues that attach bones to bones?

Ligaments

103

What are dense fibrous connective tissues that attach muscles to bones?

Tendons

104

What is the point of attachment between twobones

Joint

105

What contracts and pulls one bone toward another bone reducing the angle between them

Flexor

106

What contracts and straightens the bone or increases the angle between the bones

Extensor

107

The mass of tissue of the muscle existing between the two tendons and forming a bulge or "belly" is called what?

Gaster

108

At a joint, the attachment of a tendon to a bone that is relaatively stationary as the muscle contracts is called the what?

Origin

109

The attachment of the tendon to the bone at a joint that moves when the muscle contracts is called what?

Insertion

110

The muscle that is causing the main pulling force and the main direction of that force os called what?

Prime Mover

111

A muscle that has the capacity to cause the force of motion in the opposite direction is called what?

Antagonist

112

What are the muscles called that assist the prime mover by reducing unnecessary movement

Synergists

113

Refers to a muscle comprised of fibers that are straight and/or occur parallel to the long axis of the body

Rectus

114

Refers to a muscle comprised of fibers that occur at a right angle to the long axis of the body

Transverse

115

Refers to a muscle comprised of fibers that occur diagonally to the long axis of the body

Oblique

116

Refers to a muscle located on the temporal bones of the skull

Temporalis

117

Refers to a muscle located in the femur bone (upper leg)

Femoris

118

Refers to a muscle located in the dorsum (back) of the body

Dorsi

119

Refers to a muscle that is relatively large

Maximus

120

Refers to a muscle that is relatively small

Minimus

121

Refers to a muscle that is long

Longus

122

Refers to a muscle that is short

Brevis

123

A muscle with two origins (attachments)

Biceps

124

A muscle with three origins (attachments)

Tricep

125

A muscle with four origins (attachments)

Quadriceps

126

Refers to a muscle with a triangular shape

Deltoid

127

Refers to a muscle with a trapezoid shape

Trapezius

128

Refers to a muscle that originates at the sternum and clavicle and inserts at the mastoid process of the skull

Sternocleidmastiod

129

A muscle that reduces the angle between the bones forming a joint

Flexor

130

Refers to a muscle that increases the angle between the bones forming a joint

Extensor

131

Refers to a muscle that pulls an appendage away from the midline of the body

Abductor

132

Refers to a muscle that pulls an appendage toward the midline of the body

Adductor

133

Refers to a muscle that raises a body structure

Levator

134

Refers to a muscle that lowers a body structure

Depressor

135

Refers to a muscle that turns a palm up position

Supinator

136

Refers to a muscle that turns a palm down position

Pronator

137

A forager that has to find a specific type of prey in order to survive

Specialist

138

A forager able to exploit a variety of food resources are called what?

Generalist

139

What physical and mental abilities do humans have as foragers or predators?

Higher intelligence, tools, and thumbs

140

What data measures the success of the foragers

Beans- the amount of food found

141

What happens as a food resource is depleted?

The number od beans decreases and more foragers die

142

What do animals do when food resources are depleted in nature?

Migrate, die, find different food source

143

Besides observinf other animals directly, how might animals avoid wasting time in an area that has already been searched by another animal?

Scent

144

From the forager's point of view, is the kidney bean aneasy prety item to capture?

Yes , because of its color

145

Difference in Great Northern beans:

Blended in better and smaller

146

Difference in Lima beans:

Brighter and bigger

147

Difference in Lentils:

Smaller and look like rocks

148

What strategy did you use as a forager in the mixed prey species use in deciding which prey to look for?

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