Flashcards in Lab Test #3 Deck (148):
Larynx, Trachea, and Esophagus are apart of what?
Lungs, Diaphragm, and Heart are apart of what?
Cranial lobes, Middle lobes, Caudal lobes, and Accessory lobe are apart of what?
Mesentary, Liver, StomachSpleen, Small Intestine, Gall Bladder, Pancreas, and Large Intestine are apart of what?
Right median lobe, Left median lobe, Right lateral lobe, Left lateral lobe, and Caudate are apart of what?
Duodenum, Jejunum, and Ileum are apart of what?
Cecum, Ascending colon, Transverse colon, Descending colon, Rectum, and Anus are apart of what?
Airway leading to lungs: contains vocal cords
Also called the windpipe
Muscular tube after the pharynx and leading to stomach
Organs use for oxygen-carbon dioxide exchange
Muscular partition between thoraic and abdominal cavites
Muscular pump; keeps blood circulating through the body
Muscular, stretchable sac; mixes and stores ingested food
Filtering station for blood; reservior for red blood cells
Absorbs digested food; consists of duodenum, jejunum, and ileumn
Secrets bile; plays a role in carbohydrate, fat, and protein metabolism
Concentrates and stores undigested matter
Stores and concentrates bile
Secretes enzymes that break down all major food molecules
End of digestive system; opening where feces are expelled
Channel for urine flow from the kidney to the bladder
Channel for urine flow from the bladder to the outside of the body
Stretchable container for temporarily storing urine
Primary reproductive organs of female; oocyte production
Passage in the male through which testis descends into the scrotum
Constantly filters water and all solutes except proteins from the blood
One of a pair of ducts for transporting sperm
Found in a female; forms part of birth canal and recieves sperm
Male copulatory organ; provides passageway for sperm or urine
What provides the framework for the body structure, produces blood cells, provides protection for the brain, spinal cord, heart, and lungs, acts as levers to aid body movement and stores various inorganic salts
The adult human skeleton consists of at least how many bones?
The human skeleton is divided up into what two groups?
Axial Skeleton and Appendicular Skeleton
What consists of the bones including the skull, ribs, sternum, vertebrae, hyoid bone, and the bones of the middle ear
What consists of the bones of the upper and lower extremities and the bones that attach them to the skeleton the pectoral girdle and the pelvic girdle
What is the point of contact between bones?
A joint or articulation
What is the correct anatomical position?
Upright position, facing the observer(forward), arms are at side with palms facing forward
Toward the head or upper part of the body
Away from the head or toward the lower part of the body
Front surface of the body
Back surface of the body
Near the midline of the body
Farther away from the midline of the body
Nearer the point of attachment to the body
Farther from the point of attachment to the body
What are the types of joints?
2. Slightly Movable
3. Freely movable
What are the freely movable joints?
-Ball and socket
What gives movement in all directions?
Ball and socket
What gives bending movement in one plane?
What gives movement from side to side?
What gives roation movement?
Shoulder and Hip have what joint?
Ball and socket
Elbow and Knee have what joint?
Wrist and ankle have what joint?
Atlas and axis and between the ulna and radius have what joint?
The radius is on the (blank) side of the forearm.
The nose is (blank) to the mouth.
The heart is (blank) to the sternum.
The carpals are (blank) to the phalanges.
The sternum is (blank) to the vertebral column.
Back of head= ?
Cheek bone= ?
Bridge of nose= ?
Vertebra of the neck= ?
Chest vertebrae= ?
Small of back= ?
Tail bones= ?
Breast bone= ?
Shoulder girdle= ?
Hip Girdle= ?
Collar bone= ?
Shoulder blade= ?
Upper arm= ?
Hip Socket= ?
Knee Cap= ?
Lower leg(Lateral)= ?
Lower leg(Medial)= ?
Arch of foot= ?
What is another name for the skull?
What are the areas between the skull bones of an infant called?
What are the air spaces withinthe skull called?
What is the type of joint with the widest range of motion called?
Ball and socket
What is the longest bone in the body?
Which bones forms the heel of the foot?
Which is the most prominent bone of the elbow?
Humerous (funny bone)
Which of the ribs are attached to the sternum by cartilage venturally and to the vertebral column dorsally?
There are more than (blank) muscles in the human body.
The muscles make up what percent of body weight?
The three types of muscles that make up the muscular system are what?
Skeletal, Smooth, and Cardiac
What is the shortening of a muscle called?
What is the returning of the muscle to its original position called?
Muscles (blank) push
What are dense fibrous connective tissues that attach bones to bones?
What are dense fibrous connective tissues that attach muscles to bones?
What is the point of attachment between twobones
What contracts and pulls one bone toward another bone reducing the angle between them
What contracts and straightens the bone or increases the angle between the bones
The mass of tissue of the muscle existing between the two tendons and forming a bulge or "belly" is called what?
At a joint, the attachment of a tendon to a bone that is relaatively stationary as the muscle contracts is called the what?
The attachment of the tendon to the bone at a joint that moves when the muscle contracts is called what?
The muscle that is causing the main pulling force and the main direction of that force os called what?
A muscle that has the capacity to cause the force of motion in the opposite direction is called what?
What are the muscles called that assist the prime mover by reducing unnecessary movement
Refers to a muscle comprised of fibers that are straight and/or occur parallel to the long axis of the body
Refers to a muscle comprised of fibers that occur at a right angle to the long axis of the body
Refers to a muscle comprised of fibers that occur diagonally to the long axis of the body
Refers to a muscle located on the temporal bones of the skull
Refers to a muscle located in the femur bone (upper leg)
Refers to a muscle located in the dorsum (back) of the body
Refers to a muscle that is relatively large
Refers to a muscle that is relatively small
Refers to a muscle that is long
Refers to a muscle that is short
A muscle with two origins (attachments)
A muscle with three origins (attachments)
A muscle with four origins (attachments)
Refers to a muscle with a triangular shape
Refers to a muscle with a trapezoid shape
Refers to a muscle that originates at the sternum and clavicle and inserts at the mastoid process of the skull
A muscle that reduces the angle between the bones forming a joint
Refers to a muscle that increases the angle between the bones forming a joint
Refers to a muscle that pulls an appendage away from the midline of the body
Refers to a muscle that pulls an appendage toward the midline of the body
Refers to a muscle that raises a body structure
Refers to a muscle that lowers a body structure
Refers to a muscle that turns a palm up position
Refers to a muscle that turns a palm down position
A forager that has to find a specific type of prey in order to survive
A forager able to exploit a variety of food resources are called what?
What physical and mental abilities do humans have as foragers or predators?
Higher intelligence, tools, and thumbs
What data measures the success of the foragers
Beans- the amount of food found
What happens as a food resource is depleted?
The number od beans decreases and more foragers die
What do animals do when food resources are depleted in nature?
Migrate, die, find different food source
Besides observinf other animals directly, how might animals avoid wasting time in an area that has already been searched by another animal?
From the forager's point of view, is the kidney bean aneasy prety item to capture?
Yes , because of its color
Difference in Great Northern beans:
Blended in better and smaller
Difference in Lima beans:
Brighter and bigger
Difference in Lentils:
Smaller and look like rocks