Lab Values/ fluid and electrolytes Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Lab Values/ fluid and electrolytes Deck (29):
1

albumin

3.2-5 g/dL

2

creatinine

0.6-1.6

3

calcium

8.8-10.3 mg/dL

4

chloride

95-107 mEq/L

5

magnesium

1.6-2.4 mEq/L

6

phosphate

2.5-4.5 mg/dL

7

potassium

3.5-5.2 mEq/L

8

sodium

135-147 mEq/L

9

osmolality

250-375 mOsm/kg

10

neutrophils

3,000-7,000 cells/mm3

11

platelets

150,000-400,000 cells/mm3

12

RBC adult

4.0-6.2 x10(12)/L

13

HGB males

13.6-18 g/dL

14

HGB females

12-16 g/dL

15

HCT males

37-51%

16

HCT females

35-47%

17

diarrhea leads to which deficit?

hypokalemia

18

red and swollen tongue indicates?

hypernatremia

19

increased excitability in muscles indicates?

hypocalcemia, hypomagnesemia

20

decreased neuromuscular activity indicates?

hypercalcemia, hypermagnesemia

21

urine specific gravity?

1.003-1.030

22

Initial replacement for FVD?

LR

23

Tx. for hyperkalemia

D10 and insulin, sodium bicarb, dialysis, calcium gluconate

24

daily fluid need?

30-35 ml/kg/day

25

daily sodium need?

100-150 mEq/day

26

daily potassium need?

80-100 mEq/day

27

daily phos. needs?

20-40 mmol/day

28

daily calcium needs?

10-15 mEq/day

29

daily magnesium needs?

8-20 mEq/day