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Flashcards in Practice Questions Deck (52):
1

Will lipid emulsion go through a 0.2 micron filter?

No

2

How large can lipid emulsion particles be?

1.7 microns

3

A bacterial retentive filter has a pore size of?

0.2 microns

4

Dextrose 5% tonicity?

isotonic

5

Dextrose 2.5% tonicity?

hypotonic

6

Dextrose 10% tonicity?

hypertonic

7

S/S hypermagnesemia?

hypotension, muscle weakness

8

most inappropriate fluid for bowel obstruction?

D5W

9

low urinary output leads to what electrolyte imbalance?

hyperkalemia

10

Abx drug of choice for gram (+) infections

PCN G

11

Maximum dextrose for PPN?

10%

12

What type of administration set is not compatible with lipids?

PVC, DEHP

13

What kind of administration set should be used for nitroglycerin?

Non-PVC lined

14

Can I transfuse through a 0.2 micron filter?

No

15

Filter for TPN?

1.2 microns

16

Benzyl alcohol should not be used for..?

neonates

17

Propofol change set Q?

12 hrs

18

alkylating agent extravasation hot or cold?

cold

19

anthracyclines extravasation hot or cold?

cold

20

antitumor antibodies extravasation hot or cold

cold

21

taxanes extravasation hot or cold

cold

22

plant alkaloid extravasation hot or cold

hot

23

vasoconstrictors extravasation hot or cold

hot

24

alkylating agent extravasation antidote?

sodium thiosulfate

25

anthracyclines extravasation antidote?

dexrazoxane

26

plant alkaloids extravasation antidote?

hyaluronidase

27

vasopressor extravasation antidote?

phentolamine

28

maximum osmolarity for PPN?

900 mOsm/L

29

1 unit of RBC will raise Hgb by?

1 g/dL

30

What is nitrogen balance?

measurement of daily nitrogen intake VS excretion

31

Least likely CVAD to infect?

subclavian

32

Calories in dextrose?

3.4Cal/1g

33

Most common bacteria for catheter related infections?

Gram (+) Staph and E-coli

34

Most common fungi for catheter related infections?

candida albicans

35

1kg= ? pounds?

2.2

36

S/S hypocalcemia?

numbness and tingling of the fingers and toes, tetany, convulsions, inc deep tendon reflexes, positive Trouesseau's and Chvostek's sign,

37

S/S hypercalcemia?

anorexia, fatigue, lethargy, muscle weakness, N/V, consitipation

38

S/S hypomagnesemia?

positive Trouesseau's and Chvostek's sign, inc. reflexes, tremors, convulsions, tetany, paresthesias, cold sensation in hands and feet, dysrhythmias

39

S/S hypermagnesemia?

muscle weakness, paralysis, dec. DTR, respiratory depression, N/V, vasodilation

40

S/S hypophosphatemia?

fatigue, confusion, paresthesias, seizures, nystagmus, numbness, coma, dysrhythmias, alerted red and white blood cell function

41

S/S hyperphospfatemia?

relatively nonexistant

42

Dilantin S/E?

nystagmus, ataxia, lethargy, hypotension

43

atropine S/E?

blurred vision, dilated pupils, postural hypotension, urinary retension

44

verapamil class?

calcium channel blocker

45

ditiazem class?

calcium channel blocker

46

nicardapine class?

calcium channel blocker

47

labetalol class?

Beta-blocker

48

atropine class?

anticholinergic

49

Dextran 40 considerations?

test dose, monitor electrolytes, may crystallize

50

Most common infusate contaminates

Enterobacter , Serratia, Kleibsiella

51

Common exogenous contaminates

Staph, Pseudomonas, pseudomonas, candida,

52

common intravascular comtaminates

Kleibsiella, E-coli. Enterobacter, pseudomonas