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Flashcards in Laboratory Deck (15):
1

BUZZER

Screening for genitourinary diseases/infections is an indication for what test?

UA

2

BONUS

What are 3 symptoms that would indicate the need for a UA?

List 3 of the one's below...

Suprapubic Pain
Abdominal pain of suspected GU origin
Gross hematuria
Urinary frequency/urgency
Dysuria
Monitoring for gestational diabetes in pregnant women

3

BUZZER

What procedure is used to reduce contaminants in a sample of urine?

Clean-catch method

4

BONUS

What are 4 other indications outside of screening for GU diseases for performing a UA?

1. Screen for metabolic dz or end products of other diseases
2. Pregnancy: detect protein/glucose in urine
3. Dx and manage renal dz
4. Part of a screening physical

5

BUZZER

On a UA what would indicate a non-clean catch?

Squamous epithelial cells

6

BONUS

What 2 things does specific gravity assess on a UA?

1. Concentration/Filtration status of kidneys
2. Hydration of pt

7

BUZZER

Water diuresis, diabetes insipidus, and end-stage renal disease all have what in common on a UA?

Low specific gravity

8

BONUS

Urobilinogen, bile, or bilirubin problems
Ingestion of rhubarb
and medications such as Metronidazole & Chloroquine

may cause what issue in a urine sample?

Amber-brown colored urine

9

BUZZER

Cola colored urine indicates what is present in a UA?

RBCs

10

BONUS

List 4 reasons for red colored urine (not pathologies).

List 4 out of 6 answers:
1. Hemoglobin
2. Myoglobin
3. Porphyria
4. Cascara use
5. Beet consumption
6. Phenazopyridine

11

BUZZER

Sweet smelling urine is a UA finding for what type of infection?

Pseudomonas

12

BONUS

Dehydration, Proteinuria, CHF, and DM can lead to what UA finding?

High specific gravity

13

BUZZER

Musty smelling urine indicates what pathology?

PKU

14

BONUS

List 4 causes of urine cloudiness.

1. WBCs
2. RBCs.
3. Bacteria
4. Crystals

15

BUZZER

Fruity smelling urine indicates what pathology?

Ketonuria