What is a megacity?
Urban areas with a population of over 8 million.
What percentage of Lagos’ city growth is from RUM?
What percentage of Lagos’ city growth is from internal migration?
What are some push factors for RUM to Lagos?
Lack of jobs due to overpopulation, lack of services (education) and natural disasters, cultural ideas about fleeing and traditions
What qualifies a slum?
Where over 50% of inhabitants lack one or more of durable housing, sufficient living area, improved water supply, access to sanitation and secure ownership.
Why do megacities attract more migrants than cities?
Better paid/range of jobs
More chance of TNC investment
Greater size so greater range of houses/jobs/services
Ethnic enclaves in larger cities attract migrants
Cities too prestige compared to megacity areas
Perceived to be more informal jobs for the poor
What has caused the megacity growth?
RUM and Internal migration
What is the result/realities of large megacity growth?
Megaslums - 25,000 in slums Urban sprawl Uncontrolled illegal Rich live in centre in gated communities Gangs Unemployment Cholera Neccessity of trust Food/water shortage Poor infrastructure Lack of rural investment Education lack TNCs take best land LE 40 Malaria/TB
Why is the problem greater in African cities?
Full of the poor, but in Asia full of the rich
Occurs very fast - 4%-8% a year