What are the 6 key methods to improving slum housing?
Eviction, tenure housing, site & service, consolidation, Aided Self Help, Social housing
What are the positives and negatives of eviction?
Rapid, can complete infrastructure projects
Slums move elsewhere, lose trust with authorities, chaotic, people lose businesses affecting economy
What are the positives and negatives of tenure securities?
Low cost, communities group to improve cond., Utility companies connect areas
No guarantee people will improve cond.
What are the positives and negatives of site & service?
Urban sprawl prevented, built in secure tenure, health benefits
Expensive, careful planning, poor deterred as have to pay rent
What are the positives and negatives of consolidation?
Affordable pace, low cost
Only once tenure secured, may take decades, poor QoL in early stages
What are the positives and negatives of ASH?
Low cost, builds community, sense of ownership
Slow, relies on spare time work, poor construction standards
What are the positives and negatives of social housing?
Good quality housing created, quickly removes slums
Leads to eviction, costly, new housing expensive for some, open to corruption as huge sums of money
What are the costs and benefits of improving health & environment? (give examples)
Breaks cycle of poverty Requires external aid as large problems Costly so can lead to debt Means slum eviction High water costs so lose benefits (NGO small scale Dhaka water project- DSK installed 40 water pumps)
Examples of transport & environment improvements
Mexico City - private cars banned 1 day a week
Shanghai MAGLEV train