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Flashcards in Language Feautres Deck (16)
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1

Simile

A comparison where one thing is compared to another, using the words,{like, as .. as}

Example = Her hair glistened in the rain like nose hairs after a sneeze

2

Metaphor

A comparison where one thing is said to actually be another.

Example = An icy blanket of shadow was covering the world

3

Personification

When you assign the qualities of humans or persons to an inanimate object or thing.

Example = The icy mist was conquering the graveyard

4

Alliteration

The repetiton of the same sound at the beginning of words to create an effect

Example = The cabin had an eerie entrance

5

Onomatopoeia

A word that imitates a sound

Example = The flesh SIZZLED in the pot

6

Pattern of Three or Rule of Three

Listing three things to create a specific effect

Example = Stop, look and listen

7

Language for Emotive Effect

Words and phrases deliberately used to provoke a specific emotional reaction

Example = The defenceless kittens were crammed into the box

8

Rhetorical question

A question that is aked for effect rather than for an question

Example = Who wants to look something like that?

9

Adjective

A word that describes a place, person or thing

Example = The ancient street

10

Verb

A doing or being word that has a tense (present, past or future)

Example = I sped on the highway

11

Phrase

A group of words that can be understood as a unit

Example = His face was unreadable

12

Clause

A group of words that consists of a subject and a single verb

Example = The dog ran through the yard

Subject = The dog
Verb = ran

13

Simple sentence

The most basic form of sentence consisting of a subject and a verb

Example = I sprinted

14

Compound sentence

A sentence that contains two independent clauses joined by a coordinating conjunction, such as for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so

Example = My girlfriend was watching television and i went out.

15

Complex Sentence

A sentence that has a main clause and one or more subordinate (dependent) clauses. The clauses are linked by a subordinating conjunction such as because, since, after, although, when (and many others) or when (and many others) or a relative pronoun such as: that, who (or) which.

Example = The student,who had finished her last exam, was out celebrating.

(within the commas is the subordinate clause)

16

Puncuation

Marks used to aid the understanding or a piece or writing. Writers can use punctuation imaginatively to create an effect

Example = He was late - very late - almost too late!