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Flashcards in last 2 ppts Deck (37)
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1

most common bony injury

nasal bone fracture/ nasal septum (tx:ice, nose packing,refer to physician)

2

2nd most common bony injury

mandible fx(malocclusion of teeth, bleeding around, lower lip numbness) -ice, immobilize, dr

3

black eye is aka

orbital hematoma

4

-pain, tear, blurred vision
-patch and refer
-1-2 days to heal

corneal abrasion

5

blood in the eye, vision block, patch both eyes NO ICE

hyphema

6

hit on orbit; discoloration inferior margins inability to move eye up, diplopia, pain

blowout fx(orbit of eye is fractured)

7

direct blow, specks in vision, flashes of light, curtain

retinal detachment

8

ways to save a tooth- transport media

milk, saline, saliva, water, mouth

9

extrusion or lateral luxation tooth displacement

can try to reposition

10

intrusion tooth displacement

dont try to reposition, mouth closed

11

no return, dentist, save tooth fragment with what kind

fractured tooth [crown or root]

12

-handle tooth by crown only, replace in socket if possible
-keep tooth moist

tooth avulsion

13

less than 30 min=
greater than 2 hrs=

90%; 5% survival rates

14

external otitis

swimmers ear

15

otitis medius

ear infection

16

hardened tissue of untreated hematoma, keloid tissue is resultant

cauliflower ear

17

controls memory, emotions, learning, judgement, voluntary muscle movements.

Cerebrum-

18

controls muscle movements

cerebellum

19

controls heart rate, breathing, coughing

medulla

20

3 layers of protection in skull

dura mater
arachnoid
pia mater

21

brain is suspended in

cerebrospinal fluid

22

head/neck injuries may present as what

cervical spine injury, brain injury(concussion/traumatic brain) or skull fracture

23

___ hematoma more common than epidural hematoma

subdural

24

caused by whiplash forces that tear venous blood vessels
-signs are unconscious with dilation of pupil on 1side, headache,vertigo, nausea, sleepiness

subdural hematoma

25

-blow to the head(baseball bat)
-unconscious, 1 pupil dilation,headache, nausea, vertigo, seizures LIFE threatening

epidural hematoma

26

ALWAYS assume a neck injury.
Don’t move the athlete if unconscious
Check ABC’s
Don’t remove helmet, remove face mask.

head injury eval

27

-250,000 concussions/year for High School FB players.
-After 1st concussion, chance of 2nd is 4X greater.
-Brain cells that are not destroyed may exist in a vulnerable state

concussion factoids

28

-loss of consciousness
-Headache, vertigo, nausea, -vomiting
-AMNESIA
-Balance, Slow pupil response or dilation
-Visual accuities

concussion symptoms

29

“If you were out, you are out”
“If you sway you do not play”
Any amnesia or increase in S/S with activity

Golden rules:

30

more important to determine __ __ of the s/s and when to refer, such as if symptoms increase/worsen

time course

31

Do you know where you are?
Can you tell me what happened?
Does your head hurt?
Do you have pain in your neck?
Can you move your hands and feet?

HISTORY -head injury assessment

32

Blank stare?
Disorientation
Slurred or incoherent speech
Cognitive function
Normal emotional response

OBSERVATION -head injury assessment

33

special test for balance

rhomberg test

34

Finger-Nose, Heel-Toe Walking = Coordination
Recall three words/lunch = Memory
Months of the year backwards = concentration
Eye Function = pen/finger tracking, blurred vision, pupil response to light

special tests

35

A player sustaining a concussion is out for 1 week after symptoms subside.

New UIL rule

36

Brain swelling because a 1st injury hasn’t healed.
Second impact may not even involve a blow to the head.
Signs: May appear dazed followed by a rapid decline in consciousness, pupils, eye movement.
Care: 911

second impact syndrome

37

Understand mechanisms of injury
Monitor equipment and technique
Recognize injury severity
Collaborate with physician on return to play decisions
Understand the potential negative consequences

what coach can do to prevent/treat concussions