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Flashcards in test 2 blood borne pathogens Deck (37)
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1

  • microorganism that causes disease
  • present in human blood and bodily fluids

blood borne pathogen

2

__ and ___ have higher possibility of spreading

HBC and HCV

3

  • Spread through sharp objects, open wounds, bodily fluids
  • Swelling, soreness, loss of normal liver function
  • Increased dramatically in last 10 years
  • Can survive for 2-3 weeks in dried blood.

HBV

4

Signs
Flulike symptoms
Fatigue, weakness, nausea, headaches, fever, jaundice
Can go undetected
Prevention
Good personal hygiene
Avoid high risk activities
Vaccine – 3 shots over 6 months

signs and prevention of HBV

5

  • Acute and chronic form of liver disease
  • 67% of HCV infections result in liver disease
  • Most common blood borne infection
  • Spread by contact with blood of infected person
  • Tattoo palors

HCV

6

Signs

  • Jaundice, dark urine
  • Mild abdominal pain (URQ), loss of appetite, nausea, fatigue
  • Muscle or joint pain

Prevention

  • Follow routine barrier precautions
  • Safely handle needles, sharp objects
  • No Vaccine

signs and prevention of HCV

7

  • Family of viruses that invade normal, healthy cells
  • Destroys immune system
  • Transmitted through exposure to infected blood or bodily fluids

HIV

8

Fatigue, weight loss, muscle or joint pain
Painful or swollen glands, night sweats, fever
High risk of developing AIDS
No protection against simplest infections

Prevention
Understand the risks of certain behaviors
Make educated and safe choices

Management
No Vaccine
No Cure
Research being done with “drug cocktails”

 

signs, prevention and management of HIV

9

athletes with HIV can't be discriminated against because of what act

americans with disability act

10

  • 1991 OSHA guidelines to protect health care provider and patient – minimize risk of exposure and transmission
  • All open skin wounds must be covered prior to practice/game
  • Athlete with active bleeding must be removed from participation
  • Uniforms must be cleaned and/or changed before returning to play

universal precautions

11

  • Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)
    • Disposable gloves, gowns/aprons, masks/shields, eye protection
  • Wash hands and skin surfaces that came in contact with blood immediately with soap and water or antigermicide

personal precautions

12

  • Proper receptacles with Biohazard warning labels
  • Designated container for sharps disposal
  • Disinfectants, Bleach, Antiseptics
  • Contaminated surfaces cleaned with 1 part bleach to 10 parts water or with approved disinfectant

supplies and equipment

13

  • Towels and clothing should be separated from other laundryHot water with detergent that deactivates virusGloves should be worn while handling laundry

soiled laundry

14

trauma to tissue that causes break in the continuity of that tissue

  1. abrasions
  2. lacerations
  3. incisions
  4. puncture
  5. avulsion

wound

15

skin scraped against rough surface, exposes capillaries

abrasions

16

sharp or pointed object tears the tissue, jagged edge

lacerations

17

blow has been delivered over sharp bone, smooth edges

incisions

18

  • consider to be contaminated
  • must be cleans,medicated,and dressed
  • soap and water or sterile saline solution to clean initially(clean from inside to outside)

caring for skin wounds

19

sterile dressing with topical antibiotic, ointment should be used and sutures decision should be made within 12 hours

wound care

20

  • Pain
  • Heat
  • Redness
  • Swelling
  • Disordered function
  • Pus accumulation
  • Fever
  • Tetanus
    • Bacterial infesfljjfljlifnlinli

signs of wound infection

21

  • incomplete fx
  • common in children and adolescents

greenstick fracture

22

tensile forces cause a piece of bone to be pulled away

avulsion fracture

23

  • fracture line crosses teh bone's long axis
  • caused by a direct blow, shear force

transverse fracture

 

24

  • fracture producing multiple pieces
  • caused by high velocity forces (bullriding)
  • often requires surgical fixation

comminuted= community fracture

25

  • Open= possible severed artery
  • Closed=no wound

compound fracture

26

  • caused by rotational forces (sno skiing)
  • fracture line creates an S shape along the shaft of the bone

spiral fracture

27

  • caused by repetitive loading
  • dont show early the process on a xray
  • can become a different fx type

stress fracture

28

  • ___ lay down new bone forming a callus while ___ absorb and reshape bone
  • long bones :6 wks
  • small bones: 3 wks

osteoblasts; osteoclasts

29

  • complete disruption of a joint with at least one bone forced out of proper alignment
  • first time __ should be treated as a fracture(immobilized and reffered to MD)

dislocation

30

  • partial dislocation
  • most commonly occuring in shoulders and patella(knee cap)

subluxations

31

  • injury involving a joint
  • ligaments (tie bone to bone) are stretchced or torn

sprains

32

injury involving the tendon

strains

33

Grading(severity of injury)

  • 1degree- stretching of ligaments/tendons
  • 2degree- stretching with some tearing
  • 3degree- complete tearing

sprains/strains grading system

34

  • crepitus= cracking sound made by the tendon sticking to the surround structure
  • tenosynovitis=inflammation of the tendon and synovial sheath(common in tendons of fingers)

overuse injuries

35

  • medical term for bruise
  • can result in a hematoma(egg shaped swollen spot)
  • complications can lead to myositis ossificans which a calcium formation in muscle tissue usually in the quadriceps and biceps

contusion

36

  • wearing down of hyaline cartilagte
  • causes pain and stiffness
  • more prevalent in the lumbar, hip, shoulder, and knee joints
  • symptoms present more in the morning

osteoarthritis

37

  1. inflammation
  2. fibrolastic repair
  3. remodeling

3phases of healing