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Flashcards in Latin Phrases Deck (217):
1

a posteriori

from the latter -- knowledge or justification is dependent on experience or empirical evidence

2

a priori

from what comes before -- knowledge or justification is independent of experience

3

faber est suae quisque fortunae

every man is the artisan of his own fortune --
quote by Appius Claudius Caecus

4

acta non verba

deeds, not words

5

ad hoc

to this -- improvised or made up

6

ad hominem

to the man -- below-the-belt personal attack rather than a reasoned argument

7

ad honorem

for honor

8

ad infinitum

to infinity

9

ad nauseam

used to describe an argument that has been taking place to the point of nausea

10

ad victoriam

to victory -- more commonly translated into "for victory," this was a battle cry of the Romans

11

alea iacta est

the die has been cast

12

alias

at another time -- an assumed name or pseudonym

13

alibi

elsewhere

14

alma mater

nourishing mother -- used to denote one's college/university

15

amor patriae

love of one's country

16

amor vincit omnia

love conquers all

17

annuit cœptis

He (God) nods at things being begun -- or "he approves our undertakings," motto on the reverse of the Great Seal of the United States and on the back of the United States one-dollar bill

18

ante bellum

before the war -- commonly used in the Southern United States as antebellum to refer to the period preceding the American Civil War

19

ante meridiem

before noon -- A.M., used in timekeeping

20

aqua vitae

water of life -- used to refer to various native distilled beverages, such as whisky (uisge beatha) in Scotland and Ireland, gin in Holland, and brandy (eau de vie) in France

21

arte et marte

by skill and valour

22

astra inclinant, sed non obligant

the stars incline us, they do not bind us -- refers to the strength of free will over astrological determinism

23

audemus jura nostra defendere

we dare to defend our rights -- state motto of Alabama

24

audere est facere

to dare is to do

25

audio

I hear

26

aurea mediocritas

golden mean -- refers to the ethical goal of reaching a virtuous middle ground between two sinful extremes

27

auribus teneo lupum

I hold a wolf by the ears -- a common ancient proverb; indicates that one is in a dangerous situation where both holding on and letting go could be deadly; a modern version is, "to have a tiger by the tail"

28

aut cum scuto aut in scuto

either with shield or on shield -- do or die, "no retreat"; said by Spartan mothers to their sons as they departed for battle

29

aut neca aut necare

either kill or be killed

30

aut viam inveniam aut faciam

I will either find a way or make one -- said by Hannibal, the great ancient military commander

31

barba non facit philosophum

a beard doesn't make one a philosopher

32

bellum omnium contra omnes

war of all against all

33

bis dat qui cito dat

he gives twice, who gives promptly -- a gift given without hesitation is as good as two gifts

34

bona fide

good faith

35

bono malum superate

overcome evil with good

36

carpe diem

seize the day

37

caveat emptor

let the buyer beware -- the purchaser is responsible for checking whether the goods suit his need

38

circa

around, or approximately

39

citius altius fortius

faster, higher, stronger -- modern Olympics motto

40

cogito ergo sum

"I think therefore I am" -- famous quote by Rene Descartes

41

contemptus mundi/saeculi

scorn for the world/times -- despising the secular world, the monk or philosopher's rejection of a mundane life and worldly values

42

corpus christi

body of Christ

43

corruptissima re publica plurimae leges

when the republic is at its most corrupt the laws are most numerous -- said by Tacitus

44

creatio ex nihilo

creation out of nothing -- a concept about creation, often used in a theological or philosophical context

45

cura te ipsum

take care of your own self -- an exhortation to physicians, or experts in general, to deal with their own problems before addressing those of others

46

curriculum vitae

the course of one's life -- in business, a lengthened resume

47

de facto

from the fact -- distinguishing what's supposed to be from what is reality

48

deo volente

God willing

49

deus ex machina

God out of a machine -- a term meaning a conflict is resolved in improbable or implausible ways

50

dictum factum

what is said is done

51

disce quasi semper victurus vive quasi cras moriturus

learn as if you're always going to live; live as if tomorrow you're going to die

52

discendo discimus

while teaching we learn

53

docendo disco, scribendo cogito

I learn by teaching, think by writing

54

ductus exemplo

leadership by example

55

ducunt volentem fata, nolentem trahunt

the fates lead the willing and drag the unwilling -- attributed to Lucius Annaeus Seneca

56

dulce bellum inexpertis

war is sweet to the inexperienced

57

dulce et decorum est pro patria mori

it is sweet and fitting to die for your country

58

dulcius ex asperis

sweeter after difficulties

59

e pluribus unum

out of many, one -- on the U.S. seal, and was once the country's de facto motto

60

emeritus

veteran -- retired from office

61

ergo

therefore

62

et alii

and others -- abbreviated et al.

63

et cetera

and the others

64

et tu, Brute?

last words of Caesar after being murdered by friend Brutus in Shakespeare's "Julius Caesar," used today to convey utter betrayal

65

ex animo

from the heart -- thus, "sincerely"

66

ex libris

from the library of -- to mark books from a library

67

ex nihilo

out of nothing

68

ex post facto

from a thing done afterward -- said of a law with retroactive effect

69

fac fortia et patere

do brave deeds and endure

70

fac simile

make alike -- origin of the word "fax"

71

flectere si nequeo superos, acheronta movebo

if I cannot move heaven I will raise hell -- Virgil's Aeneid

72

fortes fortuna adiuvat

fortune favors the bold

73

fortis in arduis

strong in difficulties

74

gloria in excelsis Deo

glory to God in the highest

75

habeas corpus

you should have the body -- a legal term from the 14th century or earlier; commonly used as the general term for a prisoner's legal right to challenge the legality of their detention

76

habemus papam

we have a pope -- used after a Catholic Church papal election to announce publicly a successful ballot to elect a new pope

77

historia vitae magistra

history, the teacher of life -- from Cicero; also "history is the mistress of life"

78

hoc est bellum

this is war

79

homo unius libri (timeo)

(I fear) a man of one book -- attributed to Thomas Aquinas

80

honor virtutis praemium

esteem is the reward of virtue

81

hostis humani generis

enemy of the human race -- Cicero defined pirates in Roman law as being enemies of humanity in general

82

humilitas occidit superbiam

humility conquers pride

83

igne natura renovatur integra

through fire, nature is reborn whole

84

ignis aurum probat

fire tests gold -- a phrase referring to the refining of character through difficult circumstances

85

in absentia

in the absence

86

in aqua sanitas

in water there is health

87

in flagrante delicto

in flaming crime -- caught red-handed, or in the act

88

in memoriam

into the memory -- more commonly "in memory of"

89

in omnia paratus

ready for anything

90

in situ

in position -- something that exists in an original or natural state

91

in toto

in all or entirely

92

in umbra, igitur, pugnabimus

then we will fight in the shade -- made famous by Spartans in the battle of Thermopylae and by the movie 300

93

in utero

in the womb

94

in vitro

in glass -- biological process that occurs in the lab

95

incepto ne desistam

may I not shrink from my purpose

96

intelligenti pauca

few words suffice for he who understands

97

invicta

unconquered

98

invictus maneo

I remain unvanquished

99

ipso facto

by the fact itself -- something is true by its very nature

100

labor omnia vincit

hard work conquers all

101

laborare pugnare parati sumus

to work, (or) to fight; we are ready

102

labore et honore

by labor and honor

103

leges sine moribus vanae

laws without morals [are] vain

104

lex parsimoniae

law of succinctness -- also known as Occam's Razor, the simplest explanation is usually the correct one

105

lex talionis

the law of retaliation

106

magna cum laude

with great praise

107

magna est vis consuetudinis

great is the power of habit

108

magnum opus

great work -- said of someone's masterpiece

109

mala fide

in bad faith -- said of an act done with knowledge of its illegality, or with intention to defraud or mislead someone; opposite of bona fide

110

malum in se

wrong in itself -- a legal term meaning that something is inherently wrong

111

malum prohibitum

wrong due to being prohibited -- a legal term meaning that something is only wrong because it is against the law

112

mea culpa

my fault

113

meliora

better things -- carrying the connotation of "always better"

114

memento mori

remember that [you will] die -- was whispered by a servant into the ear of a victorious Roman general to check his pride as he paraded through cheering crowds after a victory; a genre of art meant to remind the viewer of the reality of his death

115

memento vivere

remember to live

116

memores acti prudentes futuri

mindful of what has been done, aware of what will be

117

modus operandi

method of operating -- abbreviated M.O.

118

montani semper liberi

mountaineers [are] always free -- state motto of West Virginia

119

morior invictus

death before defeat

120

morituri te salutant

those who are about to die salute you -- popularized as a standard salute from gladiators to the emperor, but only recorded once in Roman history

121

morte magis metuenda senectus

old age should rather be feared than death

122

mulgere hircum

to milk a male goat -- to attempt the impossible

123

multa paucis

say much in few words

124

nanos gigantum humeris insidentes

dwarfs standing on the shoulders of giants -- commonly known by the letters of Isaac Newton: "If I have seen further it is by standing on the shoulders of giants"

125

nec aspera terrent

they don't terrify the rough ones -- frightened by no difficulties, less literally "difficulties be damned"

126

nec temere nec timide

neither reckless nor timid

127

nil volentibus arduum

nothing [is] arduous for the willing

128

nolo contendere

I do not wish to contend -- that is, "no contest"; a plea that can be entered on behalf of a defendant in a court that states that the accused doesn't admit guilt, but will accept punishment for a crime

129

non ducor, duco

I am not led; I lead

130

non loqui sed facere

not talk but action

131

non progredi est regredi

to not go forward is to go backward

132

non scholae, sed vitae discimus

we learn not for school, but for life -- from Seneca

133

non sequitur

it does not follow -- in general, a comment which is absurd due to not making sense in its context (rather than due to being inherently nonsensical or internally inconsistent), often used in humor

134

non sum qualis eram

I am not such as I was -- or "I am not the kind of person I once was"

135

nosce te ipsum

know thyself -- from Cicero

136

novus ordo seclorum

new order of the ages -- from Virgil; motto on the Great Seal of the United States

137

nulla tenaci invia est via

for the tenacious, no road is impassable

138

obliti privatorum, publica curate

forget private affairs, take care of public ones -- Roman political saying which reminds that common good should be given priority over private matters for any person having a responsibility in the State

139

panem et circenses

bread and circuses -- originally described all that was needed for emperors to placate the Roman mob; today used to describe any entertainment used to distract public attention from more important matters

140

para bellum

prepare for war -- if you want peace, prepare for war—if a country is ready for war, its enemies are less likely to attack

141

parvis imbutus tentabis grandia tutus

when you are steeped in little things, you shall safely attempt great things -- sometimes translated as, "once you have accomplished small things, you may attempt great ones safely"

142

pater familias

father of the family -- the eldest male in a family

143

pecunia, si uti scis, ancilla est; si nescis, domina

if you know how to use money, money is your slave; if you don't, money is your master

144

per angusta ad augusta

through difficulties to greatness

145

per annum

by the year

146

per capita

by the person

147

per diem

by the day

148

per se

through itself

149

persona non grata

person not pleasing -- an unwelcome, unwanted or undesirable person

150

pollice verso

with a turned thumb -- used by Roman crowds to pass judgment on a defeated gladiator

151

post meridiem

after noon -- P.M., used in timekeeping

152

post mortem

after death

153

postscriptum

thing having been written afterward -- in writing, abbreviated P.S.

154

praemonitus praemunitus

forewarned is forearmed

155

praesis ut prosis ne ut imperes

lead in order to serve, not in order to rule

156

primus inter pares

first among equals -- a title of the Roman Emperors

157

pro bono

for the good -- in business, refers to services rendered at no charge

158

pro rata

for the rate

159

quam bene vivas referre (or refert), non quam diu

it is how well you live that matters, not how long -- from Seneca

160

quasi

as if or as though

161

qui totum vult totum perdit

he who wants everything loses everything -- attributed to Seneca

162

quid agis

what's going on? -- what's up, what's happening, etc.

163

quid pro quo

this for that -- an exchange of value

164

quidquid Latine dictum sit altum videtur

whatever has been said in Latin seems deep -- or "anything said in Latin sounds profound"; a recent ironic Latin phrase to poke fun at people who seem to use Latin phrases and quotations only to make themselves sound more important or "educated"

165

quis custodiet ipsos custodes?

who will guard the guards themselves? -- commonly associated with Plato

166

quorum

of whom -- the number of members whose presence is required under the rules to make any given meeting constitutional

167

requiescat in pace

let him rest in peace -- abbreviated R.I.P.

168

rigor mortis

stiffness of death

169

scientia ac labore

knowledge through hard work

170

scientia ipsa potentia est

knowledge itself is power

171

semper anticus

always forward

172

semper fidelis

always faithful -- U.S. Marines motto

173

semper fortis

always brave

174

semper paratus

always prepared

175

semper virilis

always virile

176

si vales, valeo

when you are strong, I am strong

177

si vis pacem, para bellum

if you want peace, prepare for war

178

sic parvis magna

greatness from small beginnings -- motto of Sir Frances Drake

179

sic semper tyrannis

thus always to tyrants -- attributed to Brutus at the time of Julius Caesar's assassination, and to John Wilkes Booth at the time of Abraham Lincoln's assassination; whether it was actually said at either of these events is disputed

180

sic vita est

thus is life -- the ancient version of "it is what it is"

181

sola fide

by faith alone

182

sola nobilitat virtus

virtue alone ennobles

183

solvitur ambulando

it is solved by walking

184

spes bona

good hope

185

statim (stat)

immediately -- medical shorthand

186

status quo

the situation in which or current condition

187

subpoena

under penalty

188

sum quod eris

I am what you will be -- a gravestone inscription to remind the reader of the inevitability of death

189

summa cum laude

with highest praise

190

summum bonum

the supreme good

191

suum cuique

to each his own

192

tabula rasa

scraped tablet -- "blank slate"; John Locke used the term to describe the human mind at birth, before it had acquired any knowledge

193

tempora heroica

Heroic Age

194

tempus edax rerum

time, devourer of all things

195

tempus fugit

time flees -- commonly mistranslated "time flies"

196

terra firma

firm ground

197

terra incognita

unknown land -- used on old maps to show unexplored areas

198

vae victis

woe to the conquered

199

vanitas vanitatum omnia vanitas

vanity of vanities; everything [is] vanity -- from the Bible (Ecclesiastes 1)

200

veni vidi vici

I came, I saw, I conquered -- famously said by Julius Caesar

201

verbatim

repeat exactly

202

veritas et aequitas

truth and equity

203

versus

against

204

veto

I forbid

205

vice versa

to change or turn around

206

vincit qui patitur

he conquers who endures

207

vincit qui se vincit

he conquers who conquers himself

208

vir prudens non contra ventum mingit

[a] wise man does not urinate [up] against the wind

209

virile agitur

the manly thing is being done

210

viriliter agite

act in a manly way

211

viriliter agite estote fortes

quit ye like men, be strong

212

virtus tentamine gaudet

strength rejoices in the challenge

213

virtute et armis

by virtue and arms -- or "by manhood and weapons"; state motto of Mississippi

214

vive memor leti

live remembering death

215

vivere est vincere

to live is to conquer -- Captain John Smith's personal motto

216

vivere militare est

to live is to fight

217

vox populi

voice of the people