Flashcards in Glossary of Architectural Terms Deck (43):
Open area for assemblies, meetings, and markets in ancient Greece.
Division of the main structure of Roman basilicas and Christian churches into lateral areas adjacent to, and on both sides of the nave.
Group of main temples on an elevated section, or hill, in ancient Greece.
Pulpit or stand in Early Christian or Byzantine churches used for readings.
Outdoor theater, either round or semicircular, with tiered seats for the audience.
Semicircular, polygonal or square end of a Roman basilica or Christian church.
Means of channeling or carrying water.
Curved structure that spans an opening and is usually formed by voussoirs.
Series of arches carried on columns; can be attached to a wall or freestanding.
Court with open roof; in Roman houses it included a basin to catch rainwater; in early Christian churches, a forecourt with a colonnade leading to the church entrance; in modern times often a glass covered interior.
In an amphitheater, the circular or semicircular area of tiered seats for the audience.
Continuous semicircular ceiling.
Roman meeting hall with high central nave, clerestory windows, apse and often side aisles, used to law courts, meetings and other assemblies; adapted in Early Christian churches.
Early Christian church base on the basilica with central nave and clerestory windows, two or four side aisles, an apse at one end, and covered with a timber roof; the basilica remained a basic Christian church building type until modern times.
Pediment that has a gap where the apex would be.
Heavy structure against a wall that carries the outward thrust of a vault or dome down to a lower support or the ground.
Beam or other structural member that projects past its support at one end and is free at the other.
Sculpture of a figure, usually a draped female, used in place of a column.
Church where the bishop presides; other churches in the bishop's area of authority are subordinate.
Highest part of a column where it meets the entablature; design reflects the different architectural orders.
Room in a classical temple that houses the statue of the god of that temple; same as the Greek naos.
Extension of a church, usually beyond the transept, that includes the choir and apse.
Area in the chancel, usually immediately beyond the transept, in which the choir is seated; can also mean the entire chancel.
Architecture of ancient Greece and Rome; also applied to later buildings based on Greek and Roman forms.
Windows on the walls of a nave that rise above the roofs of the side aisles.
Covered and often colonnaded structure in monasteries, with open courtyard in the center, that is reserved for monks.
Row of columns supporting a beam, entablature, or roof structure.
Cylindrical vertical support member.
Combination of Corinthian and Ionic orders; the capital has acanthus leaves and scroll volutes.
Structural material, composed of cement, water, and aggregate, that can be cast in a multitude of shapes.
Arch constructed of horizontal stone layers in which each layer projects beyond the previous one below until they meet at the top of the arch.
Greek order with slim fluted columns and capitals decorated with acanthus leaves.
Space created in a basilican church where the nave is intersected by the transept.
Small dome, sometimes on top of a larger dome.
Circular convex structure that covers an interior space; sometimes mounted on a drum; semicircular domes often cover apses and can also act as buttresses.
Greek order with sturdy fluted columns and plain capitals.
Circular or polygonal wall that supports a dome.
Projection of a building from one side into the vertical plane showing the arrangement of windows, roof, etc.
Horizontal structure supported by columns in classical architecture.
Slight convex swelling of the sides of classical columns to counteract the optical illusion that a column with straight sides is slightly thinner in the center than at the top and bottom.
Vertical grooving of columns and pilasters.