Leadership Flashcards Preview

Organizational Behaviour > Leadership > Flashcards

Flashcards in Leadership Deck (24)
Loading flashcards...

What is leadership?

It is the ability to influence a group toward the achievement of a vision or set of goals


What are trait theories?

They are theories that consider personal qualities and characteristics that differentiate leaders from non-leaders.
Ex: being tall was an attribute of most leaders

These theories lost relevance as it makes it : you have it or you don't, which is quite restrictive


What are behavioural theories?

They are theories that propose that specific behaviours differentiate leaders from nonleaders.

In other words, leaders are made, they are not born this way.


What is an initiating structure?

It is the extent to which a leader is likely to define and structure his or her role and the role of employees in order to attain goals.


What is consideration (in behavioural studies)?

It is the extent to which a leader is likely to have job relationships characterized by mutual trust, respect for employees' ideas, and regard for their feelings.


What is being employee oriented (in behavioural studies)?

It is a leader who emphasizes interpersonal relations (same as leader definition)


What is being production-oriented (in behavioural studies)?

It is a leader who emphasizes the technical or task aspect of the job (same as manager)


What are contingency theories?

They are theories that consider circumstances and context to determine if one is a leader or not. (focus on situational aspects)


What are Fiedler's contingency situations?

The model is a leadership theory that proposes that effective group performance depends on the proper match between the leader's style and the degree to which the situation gives the leader control.


What is the path-goal theory?

It is a leadership theory that says it is the leader's job to assist followers in attaining their goals and to provide the necessary direction and/or support to ensure that their goals are compatible with the overall objectives of the group or organization.


What are substitutes of leadership?

Substitutes of leadership mean that in many occasions the need for a leader is not present. For instance experience and training can replace the need for a leader's support or ability to create structure.


What are neutralizers of leadership?

Neutralizers make it impossible for leader behaviour to make any difference to follower outcomes.


What is inspirational leadership?

It is a type of leadership in which leaders are individuals who inspire followers through their words, ideas, and behaviours.


What is charismatic leadership?

A leadership theory that states that followers make attributions of heroic or extraordinary leadership abilities when they observe certain behaviours.


What is charisma?

It is a quality of an individual's personality, by virtue of which he or she is set apart from ordinary people and trended as endowed with supernatural, super human or at least specifically exceptional powers or qualities. These are not accessible to the ordinary person and are regarded as of divine origin or as exemplary, and on the basis of them the individual concerned is treated as a leader.


What is level-5 leadership?

5th, a blend of personal humility and professional will
Personal ego needs are focused toward building a great company
Takes responsibility for failures and gives credit to others for successes

Level 5 leaders are leaders who are fiercely ambitious and driven, but their ambition is directed toward their company rather than themselves.


What is transactional leadership?

They are leaders who guide or motivate their followers in the direction of established goals by clarifying role and task requirement.


What is transformational leadership?

They are leaders who inspire followers to transcend their own self-interests and who are capable of having a profound and extraordinary effect on followers.


What is mentoring?

It is a senior who sponsors and supports a single less-experienced employee. Both gain from mentoring


What is self-leadership?

Leadership where individuals and teams set goals, plan and implement tasks, evaluate performance, solve their own problems, and motivate themselves.


What is contemporary team leadership?

Leading teams require new roles
- Liaisons with external constituencies
- Troubleshooters
- Conflict managers
- Coaches


What is authentic leadership?

They are leaders who know who they are, know what they believe in and value, and act on these values and beliefs openly and candidly. Their followers could consider them to be ethical people.


What is ethical leadership?

It is when leaders influence people to do good.
There are generally four components that also accompany ethical leadership
- Truth telling
- Promise keeping
- Fairness
- Respect for the individual


What is servant leadership?

A leadership style marked by going beyond the leader's own interest and instead focusing on opportunities to help followers grow and develop.