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Flashcards in learning disability Deck (13):
1

what is learning disability

arrested or incomplete development of the mind. low intellectual performance, onset at birth or in early childhood, reduced life skills

2

why is learning disability different from brain injury

HAPPENS IN THE DEVELOPMENTAL PERIOD

3

what is the IQ of mild LD

50-70

4

IQ of moderate LD

35-49

5

IQ of severe LD

20-34

6

IQ of profound LD

below 20

7

aetiology LD

genetic, prenatal, perinatal, postnatal

8

genetic causes LD

chromosomal- downs, turners; X linked- fragile X, autosomal dominant and recessive

9

prenatal causes LD

infection, exposure to medication, drugs, toxins, alcohol, maternal illness, hypoxia

10

perinatal causes LD

prem, hypoxia, neonatal septicaemia, pneumonia, resp distress, HIE, meningitis/encephalitis, asphyxia

11

postnatal causes LD

infection, trauma, malnutrition, metabolic, toxic, tumours, vascular, psychosocial

12

psychiatric problems in LD

behavioural disturbance, depression, anxiety, dissociative- amnesia, schizophrenia, mania

13

management

severe-communication system in place. supported in decisions, if not then made in their best interests. support by primary care, educational and social services