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Flashcards in personality disorders Deck (18):
1

what is personality

behaviours, thoughts, feelings

2

what is a personality disorder

persistent and pervasive abnormality in social relationships and functioning

3

what is the prevalence of PD in general pop, GP attendees, psych out and inpatients

general- 5%, 20% GP attendees, 30% outpatients, 40% inpatients

4

aetiology

genetics, perinatal/postnatal factors, poor parenting, sexual abuse, adverse childhood environment, unhelpful coping strategies

5

cluster A PDs

odd, eccentric- schizoid, paranoid, schizotypal

6

cluster B PDs

dramatic, emotional- antisocial, borderline (emotionally unstable icd), histrionic (dsm), narcissistic (dsm)

7

cluster C PDs

anxious, fearful- avoidant, anxious, dependent, anankastic (dsm) obsessive (icd)

8

schizoid

emotionally cold, lack of interest in anyone

9

schizotypal

peculiar ideas, perceptions appearance and behaviour

10

dissocial (antisocial)

lack of concern for others, irresponsible, irritable, aggressive

11

emotionally unstable/borderline

unclear identity, intense, unstable, unpredictable affect, threats of self harm

12

histrionic

self dramatization, shallow affect, craves attention, manipulative

13

narcissistic

grandiose, lack of empathy, need for admiration

14

anankastic

obsessive, doubt, indecisive, caution,pedantic, perfectionist

15

what are some specialist interventions

DBT, mentalisation, transference focused, cognitive analytical therapy, schema focused

16

what is DBT

dialectical behavioural therapy- therapy interfering behaviours. CBT approach to self harm- tolerance of distress, emotional regulation, interpersonal skills

17

what are the features of psychopathy

grandiose sense of self worth, lack of remorse and empathy, irresponsible, promiscuous, shallow affect

18

what is a severe personality disorder

severe impact on social functioning, multiple categories of ICD and DSM