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Flashcards in Learning Theory Deck (15):
1

What biographical and historic information is relevant for the development of TLT and SLT?

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2

Explain the key concepts associated with TLT and SLT.

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3

Compare and contrast TLT and SLT, including causal models, beliefs about acquired behavior, beliefs about observed behavior and/or cognitive processing, and research methods.

 

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4

What is self-efficacy and how does it compare to Erikson's psychosocial theory?

 

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  • Self-efficacy is the measure of the belief in one's own ability to complete tasks and reach goals
  • *review psychosocial section*

5

What were the mechanisms of development for learning theorists?

 

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  • Focus on on the process of change
  • Three main factors: physical maturation,experience with the social world, and cognitive development

     

6

What are learning theorist positions on human nature?

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  • Mechanistic view of human behavior
  • The mechanistic model, however,does not accurately represent modern social learning theory, in which“people are self-organizing, proactive, self-reflective, and self-regulating”
  • People actively operate on the environment, just as the environment acts on them
  • Emphasizes the influence of social contexts on children

7

What are learning theorist positions on qualitative vs. quantitative development?

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  • Views development primarily as a process of quantitative change, in which learning episodes gradually accumulate over time
  • Observational learning may change somewhat qualitatively when symbolic representation of others’ behaviors becomes possible, and when changing from one set of rules to different ones

8

What are learning theorist positions on nature vs. nurture?

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  • Emphasize nurture more than does Freud and much more than does Piaget, the interactionist
  • Social learning theorists do not follow the militant environmentalism of traditional learning theory, which viewed the young mind in the way British empiricist John Locke viewed it
  • The biologically based ability to learn from experience, especially the advanced capability for observational learning, allows humans to adapt to demands of the environment

9

What are learning theorist positions on what develops?

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  • Because what is developed depends greatly on what the environment, learning theorists propose few universal behaviors are in every culture
  • Whereas Piaget, with certainty,would predict that all physically normal children in the world would develop concepts of object permanence, causality, and conservation

  • And Freud would predict universal concern with sexuality and aggression

  • Social learning theory appears to be almost content-free

     

10

How might learning theory be applied in the real world?

 

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  • Social learning theory has addressed a variety of social problems involving children, for example, aggression. Does watching violence on television make children aggressive?
  • Social learning theory also has been useful for helping dysfunctional families - certain behaviors habitually lead to certain other behaviors through a system of reinforcement

  • Bandura implemented several programs to improve personal and collective self-efficacy to bring about social change

11

What are the strengths of learning theory?

 

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  • Strengths are its focus on the situational, social,and emotional influences on behavior and its testability
  • Learning researchers have defined terms clearly, stated hypotheses precisely, and kept unobservable, intervening variables to a minimum

12

What are the weaknesses of learning theory?

 

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  • Inadequate account of cognitive development and an inadequate description of development in natural settings
  • Observational learning and patterns of reinforcement need to be tied systematically to social–ecological variables, such as both parents working outside the home, diversity in what constitutes a family, urbanization, racial discrimination, and changing sex roles

13

What is the domain-specific approach to socialization? 

 

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14

How does this conceptualization of socialization influence those who work with children, such as parents, educators, clinicians?

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15

 What impact does this approach have on future research?

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