LEC-14 Childhood Anxiety and Depressive Disorders Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in LEC-14 Childhood Anxiety and Depressive Disorders Deck (34):
1

___________________ is developmentally inappropriate and excessive anxiety that concerns separation from home or from those whom the individual is attached.

Separation Anxiety disorder

2

If a child presents to your clinic with demands of parental attention, clinginess, behavioral difficulties when separated from parent, somatic complaints, and academic and peer difficulties (such as going to school), you would assume the child has ___________________.

Separation Anxiety disorder

3

Separation anxiety disorder typically onsets during (early/late) childhood.

Early

4

A(n) ______________ is the marked and persistent fear that is excessive or unreasonable, cued by the presence or anticipation of a specific object or situation.

Phobia

5

If a child presents to your clinic with clinginess, behavioral problems when forced to confront a certain object or situation, hypervigilance, apprehensiveness, and catastrophizing "what if" predictions, you would assume the child suffers from _______________.

A phobia

6

Phobias are more common in (males/females/neither).

Females

7

Separation anxiety disorder is more common in (males/females/neither).

Neither

8

Children who have a specific phobia are in (greater/less) danger of developing another phobia later in life.

Greater danger

9

______________ is the marked and persistent fear of one or more social or performance situations in which the person is exposed to unfamiliar people or to possible scrutiny by others.

Social anxiety disorder

10

If a child presents to your clinic with somatic complaints, clinginess, peer and social difficulties, feelings of inadequacy, is very critical of self, and displays a depressed mood, you would assume the child has __________________.

Social anxiety disorder

11

Social anxiety disorder is more common in (males/females/neither).

Females

12

Patients with social anxiety disorder have a(n) (increased/decreased) risk of substance abuse and depression in adulthood.

Increased

13

_______________ is the excessive anxiety and worry (apprehensive expectation), which occurs more days than not for at least 6 days, about a variety of events or activities.

Generalized anxiety disorder

14

If a child presents to your clinic with intense worry over issues they may or may not be able to control, feelings of perfectionism, catastrophizing predictions, and somatic complaints, you would assume the child has ________________.

Generalized anxiety disorder

15

Generalized anxiety disorder is more common in (males/females/neither).

Females

16

Symptoms of generalized anxiety disorder typically appear in (early/late) childhood.

Early

17

______________ is the recurrent and unexpected panic attacks, described as discrete periods of intense fear or discomfort with corresponding physiological symptoms.

Panic disorder

18

Panic disorder is more common in (males/females/neither).

Females

19

Onset of panic disorder is typically in (early/late) childhood.

Late

Most often occurs after the age of 14

20

_____________ is the anxiety about being in places or situations where escape may be difficult or embarrassing, or in which help may not be available when having a panic attack.

Agoraphobia

21

Agoraphobia is more common in (males/females/neither).

Females

22

Agoraphobia typically onsets during (early/late) adolescence.

Late

23

____________ is the consistent failure to speak in a social situation (in which there is an expectation of speaking) despite being able to speak in other situations.

Selective mutism

24

If a child presents to your clinic with shyness, withdrawal, negative and isolated attitude, social and peer difficulties, and the refusal to speak, you would assume the child has _____________.

Selective mutism

25

Selective mutism is more common in (males/females/neither).

Females

26

If a child suffers from an anxiety disorder, they are more likely to have a(n) (emotional/behavioral) comorbidity.

Emotional comorbidity (MDD, Persistent Depressive disorder)

27

(Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy/Pharmacotherapy/Psychodynamic therapy) has received the most support for treatment of childhood anxiety disorders.

Cognitive-Behavioral therapy

28

___________ therapy works on the premise of exposure, systematic desensitization, relaxation exercises, contingency management strategies, and modeling.

Behavioral therapy

29

_____________ requires 5 or more depression symptoms (SIG E CAPS) within a 2 week period to be classified as such.

Major Depressive disorder

30

____________ is the presence of a depressed mood for most of the day, for more days than not, for at least 1 year. It requires the presence of two depression symptoms (SIG E CAPS).

Persistent Depressive disorder

31

Depressive disorders occurring in prepuberty are more common in (males/females/neither).

Males

32

Depressive disorders occurring in late adolescence are more common in (males/females/neither).

Females

33

The most common drug given to children with depression disorders is ____________.

Fluoxetine

34

The combination of CBT with fluoxetine works (better/less) than all other treatments for children with depression.

Better