Lec 70: Stress and Social Support Flashcards Preview

Fundamentals > Lec 70: Stress and Social Support > Flashcards

Flashcards in Lec 70: Stress and Social Support Deck (23):
1

William Beaumont

18th - 19th Century - Stress with digestive tract

2

Hippocrates

5th Century BC - Disease is different than dealing with the "toil" of that disease (stress)

3

Claude Bernard

19th century - Internal environment influences ability to deal with the external

4

Walter Cannon

Late 19th - 20th Century - Homeostasis and Fight or Flight.

5

Hans Selye

Mid 20th Century - Used word "Stress" - Nonspecific response of the body to a demand

6

Eustress

Good Stress - New job, new relationship, marriage

7

Distress

Negative - Death, Divorce

8

Who came up with Eustress/Distress?

Hans Selye

9

John Mason

Late 20th Century Army/VA physician - Endocrine System + cognition + personality + environment + situation +... = Stress concept

10

Lazarus and Folkman

Late 20th Century - Stress is due to something happening that exceeds are ability to handle properly, a "threat"

11

Glass and Singer

Late 20th Century - Maximal stress not experienced until you are no longer required to cope with the stress (i.e., stay healthy 2 weeks before exam, get sick right after)
ALSO - Perceiving control of the stressor makes you feel less stressed

12

Sterling and Eyer

Allostasis - How the body maintains homeostasis with active daily changes

13

McEwen and Stellar

Allostatic Load - Cumulative cost to the body of repeated activation of stress response and how this affects health

14

Repeated Acute vs. Chronic Stress

Acute can be beneficial, they are short duration frequent stressors that make us stronger and less likely to be as stressed the next time. Chronic, unrelenting, continuous stress is not healthy and can be damaging.

15

Einstellung Effect

Developed by Luchins in mid 20th century - Predisposition for one method to solve problems at the expense of exploring others (just using medication to treat mental health disorders)

16

Top Down Stress approach

Use the brain to control the body like with music, meditation, faith, emotional focusing

17

Bottom Up Approach

Using the body to control the brain - Diaphragmatic Breathing, muscle relaxation, exercise, rest

18

Types of social Support

1. Esteem Support
2. Informational Support
3. Social Companionship
4. Instrumental Support

19

Esteem Support

Information that a person is esteemed and accepted (emotional support)

20

Informational Support

Help in defining, understanding and coping with problematic events

21

Social Companionship

Spend time with others

22

Instrumental Support

Provision of financial aid, material resources, and needed services

23

Cohen and Williams

Late 20th Century - Low social support linked to greater mortality. Also PTSD research.

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