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1

What are methods of gaining knowledge about truth and reality?

Epistemology

2

What are the four ways of establishing truth/reality?

1. Faith
2. Common sense
3. Logic
4. Scientific Method

3

Faith is beliefs based on?

Authority

4

What uses observable evidence, not the testimony of authorities?

Science

5

What are beliefs based on experience and sensory observations?

Common Sense

6

What are beliefs based on formal rules that lead to a conclusion that must be true if the premises are true?

Logic

7

What is a set of empirical analytical and self-critical techniques for establishing facts?

scientific method

8

What technique is based on collected data, measurements and observations?

Empirical

9

What technique is described as complex topics that are broken down into smaller components?

Analytical

10

The scientific method can be described as?

Replicable
Generalizable
Parsimonious
Falsifiable
Dynamic/self correcting

11

What are the four types of research?

Exploratory
Descriptive
Correlational
Explanatory

12

What type of research develops knowledge in a new area and gets background information to develop new theories for later testing?

Exploratory

13

What type of research describes some behavior, situation or phenomenon?

Descriptive

14

What type of research determines variables that are related to each other or some behavior, situation, or phenomenon?

Correlational

15

Can you infer causation from correlational research?

NO

16

What type of research is used to explain phenomena or behaviors?

Explanatory

17

What type of research is conducted to test, evaluate, or develop theories?

Basic Research

18

What type of research is conducted to meet some practical need?

Applied Research

19

What type of research tries to optimize the interaction of humans and technology?

Human Factors Research

20

What type of research determines how well a program works and assesses needs?

Evaluation Research

21

What are the 2 approaches to research?

Ideographic
Nomothetic

22

What are underlying ststamatic ways that the world functions; the principles under which the universe operates?

Laws

23

What are devleoped to explain a behavior or phenomenon and tentatively try to determine laws; tentative statements of what we think law are?

Theories

24

What are broad models of how to view the world?

Paradigms

25

What is an event that affects the likelihood of another occurring?

Soft Determinism (A sometimes causes B)

26

What event always lead to another?

Hard Determinism (A always causes B)

27

What type of reasoning goes from specific instances to general principles?

Inductive

28

What type of reasoning goes from general principles to specific instances?

Deductive

29

What type of reasoning is used to generate theories from observation?

Inductive

30

What type of reasoning is used to generate research hypotheses from general theories?

Deductive