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1

The 4 Steps of the Writing Process

1. discover a clearly stated point or thesis
2. provide logical detailed support for your thesis
3. organize and connect your supporting material
4. revise and edit so that your sentences are effective and error-free

2

writing is not what?

A talent. It is a skill that can be mastered through practice and hard work.

3

you can write for many reasons

1. academic
2. professional
3. civic
4. personal

4

Aristotle Greek philosopher and master of rhetoric suggested that one of the ways people are persuaded is by what?

A writers ethos, his or her credibility

5

Readers believer because:

1. who you are
2. how you portray yourself
3. how you present your information
4. what logic you use
5. what language you employ

6

you can create a positive image of yourself to readers through

the persona you create or the words you use.

7

rhetorical purpose

the purpose you have in mind when writing

8

rhetoric means

the art of speaking or writing effectively

9

rhetorical analysis includes

a search for and identification of what are called rhetorical appeals

10

the rhetorical appeals influence the reader because of
the

1. ethos
2. logos
3. pathos

11

ethos

the credibility of the author

12

logos

appeals to logic

13

pathos

emotions of the audience

14

any ideas you advance must be what

supported with specific reasons or details

15

a paragraph usually consists of an opening point called what?

a topic sentence

16

in an essay what appears in the introductory paragraph?

the thesis

17

what appears in the paragraphs that follow the introductory paragraph?

the support

18

parts of an essay

introductory paragraph
body (supporting) paragraphs
concluding paragraph

19

introductory paragraphs should :

1. attract the reader's interest
2. advance the thesis
3. preview the major points that will support the thesis

20

body/ supporting paragraphs should

begin with a topic sentence that states the point to be detailed in that paragraph

21

concluding paragraphs should

1. briefly restate the thesis and the main supporting points
2. present a concluding thought about the subject of the paper

22

mastering what will make you a better writer.

the traditional essay

23

mastering the traditional essay will help you:

1. be a better writer
2. stronger thinker
3. strengthen your skills as a reader and listener
4. do better in your other classes

24

What can be used when you have trouble narrowing down your topic

invention strategies

25

invention strategies

1. freewriting
2. questioning
3. making alist
4. clustering/mapping
5. preparing a scratch outline

26

freewriting

write nonstop for 10 min and jot down in rough sentences or phrases everything that comes to mind about a possible topic.

27

reporters questions

Ask as many questions as you can think of about your topic.

who
what
when
where
why
how

28

clustering/ mapping

write your subject in the middle of a blank sheet of paper
jot down ideas and details around the subject
use lines boxes and arrows and circles to show relationships among ideas and details

29

preparing a scratch outline

think carefully about: the point you are trying to make
the supporting items for that point
the order in which you will arrange those items

30

goals in the first draft

1. state your main idea clearly
2. develope the content of your paper with plenty of specific details