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1

Strategies for revising sentences

1. use parallelism
2. use a consistent point of view
3. use specific words
4. use active verbs
5. use concise words
6. use varied sentences

2

use parallelism

by balancing the items in a sentence you will make the sentence clearer and easier to read

Example:
My Job includes checking inventory, initialing orders, and calling the suppliers.

3

use a consistent point of view: verbs

verbs do not shift verb tenses unnecessarily

4

use a consistent point of view: pronouns

do not shift point of view unnecessarily

Example: one of the fringe benefits of my job is that I can use

5

use specific words

To be an effective writer, you must use specific words rather than general words.

general: the dog ran down the street
specific: the mangy stray loped down broadway, dodging cars, and startled pedestrians

6

Specific Sentences

1: use exact names (not "the boy," but "Vince.")
2: use lively verbs (not "ate," but "slurped."
3: use descriptive words (not "the car", but "the rickety old Buick."
4: Use sense descriptions (" Vince slurped his ice-cold

7

use Active Verbs

Prefer the active voice
when the subject receives the action, the verb is in the passive voice

when the subject of a sentence performs the action of the verb the verb is in the active voice
hakim bought the notebook

8

use concise words

prefer concision
wordiness--using more words than necessary is often a sign of lazy or careless writing
too wordy: in this paper, I am planning to describe the hobby that I enjoy of collecting old comic books
revision: I enjoy collecting comic books

9

vary your sentences

effective writing i

10

adding a second complete thought

transform simple sentences (which can be monotonous) greg worked on the engine --

11

adding a dependent thought

transform simple sentences ( which can be monnotonus)-
the library was very quitet.

12

beginning with an opening word or phrase

transforms simple sentences (which can be monotonous)--
paul was concerned

13

placing adjectives or verbs in a series

transforms simple sentences (which can be monotonous )
the truck bounced off a gaurdrail it sideswiped a tree. it plunged into

14

editing sentences

after revising, check for mistakes in grammar, punctuation, mechanics, usage, and spelling
edit according to the conventions of written English aka sentence skills

15

proofreading

check the edited draft of your paper for typos and other careless errors

16

use the four bases

1) unity
advance a single point
2) support
support your point with specific evidence
3) coherence
organize and connect the specific evidence
4) sentence skills
write clear, error-free sentences.

17

regular verbs

every verb has four principal parts
p

18

present tense

shout is in the present tense
the past tense of a regular verb is formed by adding -d or -ed to the present
so he past tense of shout is shouted

19

the past participle

the past participle is the form of the verb used with the helping verbs
have
has
had
or
some forms of be

20

the present participle

1

21

irregular verbs

throw these rules out the window except thank goodness for the present participle which can still be formed by adding -ing to the base form of the verb.

22

irregular verbs

irregular verbs can otherwise be tricky for example the verb "bite." that's the present tense