Lecture #12 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Lecture #12 Deck (10)
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1

The ____________________________________ _______________________________ ____________________________ is our tendency to overestimate the significance of dispositional factors and underestimate the significance of situational factors when explaining other people’s behavior.

Fundamental Attribution Error

2

When we tend to perceive our own responses as representative of the general consensus, we make an attributional error called the ______________________________________ _______________________________________.

False consensus

3

The _________________ ________________________________ __________________ is the human tendency to form positive attitudes about a person, place, or thing based solely on repeated exposure to that stimulus.

Mere Exposure Effect

4

When we experience a mismatch between our attitudes and behaviors, our behaviors and our self-image, or between two attitudes, we enter into an unpleasant state called __________________________________ ____________________________________.

Cognitive Dissonance

5

___________________________________ is a preconceived opinion, bias, or partiality toward a person or group, which may be favorable or unfavorable.

Prejudice

6

_______________________________________ contribute to prejudice and are overgeneralizations of the characteristics of a group and therefore potentially false.

Stereotypes

7

An __________________________________ _________________________________ is an apparent relation between two distinctive elements that does not actually exist.

Illusory correlation

8

The _________________________________ _____________________________ is the human tendency not to intervene in a situation that requires our aid when other people are present.

Bystander effect

9

____________________________ is a feeling of personal regard, intimacy, and esteem toward another person, while ____________________________ is all of those qualities plus a deep sense of attraction.

Liking and Loving

10

The process by which we infer the causes of behavior (both our own and other people’s) is called ___________________________________.

Attribution