Lecture 3 - Research Design Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Lecture 3 - Research Design Deck (16)
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1
Q

Name the 3 types of research design

A

Analytical Research
Observational Research
Experimental Research

2
Q

Order the research design process

A
  1. Review available research
  2. Formulate a question
  3. Select an appropriate research design
  4. Collect relevant data
  5. Interpret findings
  6. Publish findings
3
Q

Give 3 examples of Analytical research

A

Review
Historical Research
Philosophical research

4
Q

Give 2 examples of observational research

A

Case study

Survey

5
Q

What is a cross-sectional design?

A

Involves comparing different group’s performances over the same period of time

6
Q

What is a longitudinal design?

A

Involves comparing the same group’s performances at different time points

7
Q

What is a problem with observational research?

A

Difficult to infer causality

8
Q

What is experimental research?

A

Involves a direct assessment of how one variable influences another

9
Q

What are descriptive statistics?

A

Measures of central tendency, measures of discretion and distribution of scores

10
Q

What are inferential statistics?

A

Stats about probability allowing you to make generalisations from samples to populations

11
Q

What is the independent variable?

A

The variable the researcher manipulates

12
Q

What is the dependent variable?

A

Te variable tha=e researcher measures

13
Q

Define nominal, ordinal, interval and ratio data

A

Nominal - Numbers used to distinguish amongst objects without quantitative value
Ordinal - Numbers used to place an order
Interval - Scale on which equal intervals between objects represent equal distances
Ratio - Scale with a true zero point

14
Q

What is the main difference between a quasi and true experimental design?

A

True - Random allocation

Quasi - No random allocation

15
Q

What is a quasi experimental design?

A

Static group comparison - treatment group compared to control group - no random allocation
Casual comparison - Same as static group but treatments are not under the control of researcher

16
Q

What is a true experimental design?

A

Random allocation to treatment or control groups