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Bioethics 1-6, 10, 11 > Lecture 3-theory > Flashcards

Flashcards in Lecture 3-theory Deck (19):
1

define a moral theory and explain how to evaluate if a moral theory is "successful"
-must be internally coherent
-cannot contain?
-cannot produce?

-cannot contain conflicting principles
-cannot produce conflicting results

2

define a moral theory and explain how to evaluate if a moral theory is "successful"
-success of a moral theory is measured by?

-If it is coherent
-How easy it is to use
-If it lines up with our institutions

3

Consequentialist vs non-consequentialist?

consequentialist-act-utilitarianism and ethical egoism
nonconsequentialist-Kant's deontology

4

define a moral theory and explain how to evaluate if a moral theory is "successful"

-start with an explanation/definition of "right" and "good"
-provide a procedure for assessing the "goodness" or "rightness" of an action or person
-must be internally coherent

5

Act-utilitarianism
-Definition of "good"

That which produces the maximum amount of happiness for all affected

6

Act-utilitarianism
-procedure for assessing the "goodness" of an action?

-How much happiness did the action create?
-Was there an alternative action that would have produced more happiness?

7

Act-utilitarianism
-Internal coherence?

-Happiness trumps everything else
-No internal conflicts

8

Ethical egoism
-Definition of "good"

That which is in my personal best interest

9

Ethical egoism
-procedure for assessing the "goodness" of an action?

Was the chosen action the one which which maximized my long-term best interests?

10

Ethical egoism
-internal coherence?

-Personal best interest trumps everything else
-No internal conflicts

11

Ethical egoism
-Example?

?

12

Kant's deontology
-definition of "good"

doing ones "duty"

13

Kant's deontology
-Procedure for assessing the "goodness" of an action?

-Which action would be universalizable
-Which action treats others as ends in themselves

14

Kant's deontology
-Internal coherence?

Duty trumps all
No internal conflicts

15

Kant's deontology
-Example?

?

16

Understand the difference between a moral theory and a set of principles
-moral theory?

A moral theory has a foundational theory and a mechanism by which one can evaluate the moral goodness of an action or person

17

Understand the difference between a moral theory and a set of principles
-Principlism (e.g. moral code)?

-A set of principles
-No way to rank their importance
-No internal coherence

18

Understand the difference between a moral theory and a set of principles
-Principlism (e.g. moral code)-example?

The four principles of bioethics-autonomy, beneficence, non-maleficence, and justice

19

Act-utilitarianism
-Examples?

?