Lecture 4-theory cont. Flashcards Preview

Bioethics 1-6, 10, 11 > Lecture 4-theory cont. > Flashcards

Flashcards in Lecture 4-theory cont. Deck (10):
1

Respect for autonomy

Allowing others to make choices and take actions based on their views, beliefs, goals, and desires, without coercion or restraint

2

The most important way we respect autonomy of patients in medicine is through (from lecture 6)?
-Especially in?

Informed consent
-Especially in research

3

Informed

-Competent to understand what they are told about their conditions
-Provided with relevant information about their illness and treatment options including refusal of treatment
-Provided all information in an understandable format
-Allowed an opportunity to ask questions
-Free from deception

4

Consent

-Capable of exercising judgement
-Allowed the freedom to make a decision about their treatment
-Free from force, coercion, and manipulation
-***As free as possible from internally constraining factors (e.g. symptoms/pain controlled as best as possible)***
-***Persuasion, as an appeal to patient's reasoning is okay***

5

Beneficence

Actively do good for others
Work toward providing good for the patient

6

Non-maleficence

Do not harm the patient
Protect the patient from unnecessary harm

7

Beneficence/non-maleficence in healthcare

Providers should work to minimize harm and maximize benefit for the patient

8

Justice

-Treating like patients/cases alike

9

Justice-possible candidates?

-Equal shares
-According to need
-According to acquisition in a free market
-According to individual effort
-According to social contribution
-According to merit

10

Define autonomy

Making choices and taking action free from restraint or coercion from others