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Flashcards in Lecture 5 Deck (11):
1

Flaccid dysarthria is due to UMN or LMN damage?

LMN

2

The primary neuromuscular characteristic underlying flaccid dysarthria is?

Weakness

3

In flaccid dysarthria, one or more impairments are seen in which speech subsystems (4)?

Respiration, phonation, resonance, and articulation.

4

Unilateral LMN damage usually results in?

mild flaccid dysarthria.

5

Damage to what cranial nerve causes difficulty with articulation and chewing, drooling, and moving/closing the jaw?

Cranial nerve V

6

Damage to what nerve causes difficulty with articulation, facial expressions, drooling, and keeping food & liquids in the mouth.

Cranial nerve VII

7

Damage to what nerve causes impaired phonation, resonance, and strangled voice quality.

Cranial nerve X

8

Damage to what nerve causes impaired articulation, difficulty moving food around in the mouth,

Cranial nerve XII

9

What are the (6) confirmatory signs of flaccid dysarthria.

paresis/paralysis
atrophy
fasiculations
fibrillation
reduced/absent reflexes
hypotonia

10

Unilateral lower facial weakness can be a sign of what?

Unilateral UMN damage

11

Cranial nerve damage signs on the speech subsystems are ipsilateral, bilateral, or contralateral?

ipsilateral