Lecture 6 - Language And Religion Flashcards Preview

Human Geography > Lecture 6 - Language And Religion > Flashcards

Flashcards in Lecture 6 - Language And Religion Deck (15):
1

Dialect

Distinctive local or regional variant of a language that remains mutually intelligible to speakers of other dialects of that language; a subtype of a language

2

Pidgin

Composite language consisting of a small vocabulary borrowed from the linguistic groups involved in commerce

3

Creole

Language derived from a pidgin language that has acquired a fuller vocabulary and become the native language of its speakers

4

Lingua franca

An existing, well established language of communication and commerce used widely where it is not a mother tongue

5

Bilingualism

The ability to speak two languages fluently

6

Language family

A group of related languages derived from a common ancestor

7

Polyglot

A mixture of different languages

8

Anatolian hypothesis

Theory of language diffusion holding that the movement of Indo-European languages from the area in contemporary Turkey known as Anatolia followed the spread of plant domestication technologies

9

Kurgan hypothesis

Theory of language diffusion holding that the spread of Indo-European languages originated with animal domestication in the central Asian steppes and grew more aggressively and swiftly than proponents of the Anatolian hypothesis maintain

10

Isogloss

The border of usage of an individual word or pronunciation

11

Language hotspots

Those places on earth that are home to the most unique, misunderstood, or endangered languages

12

Toponym

A place-name usually consisting of two parts: the generic and the specific

13

Generic toponyms

The descriptive part of many place-names, often repeated throughout a culture area

14

Monotheistic religion

The worship of only one God

15

Polytheistic religion

The worship of many gods