Flashcards in Lecture 7 Revision based on Clare's Summary Slide Catherine Deck (9):
What are the 4 main Theories of Personality?
The 4 Main Theories of Personality are:
-The Psychoanalytic Approach
-The Social-Cognitive Approach
-The Type Approach
-The Trait Approach
What are the main aspects of the Psychoanalytic Approach as it relates to testing?
This approach emphasises childhood experience & the unconscious in motivating human actions
-Uses Projective Methods or Techniques
-Though disclosing their conscious/unconscious needs, desires, impulses, the individual supplies the structure to the unstructured stimuli
What are the main aspects of the Social-Cognitive Approach as it relates to testing?
The Social-Cognitive Theory is grounded in both behaviourism & cognition -Reciprocal Determinism is core concept and is concerned with the interaction between behaviour, person and environment
What are the main aspects of the Type Approach as it relates to testing?
The Type Approach came from the Psycho-dynamic Approach
-Personality is basically a classification system
-e.g. Myers-Briggs Type Inventory; Type A & B; Holland's Self Directed Search; Hippocrates (melancholic, phlegmatic, choleric & sanguine)
What are the main aspects of the Trait Approach as it relates to testing?
-Individuals differ from one another in terms of distinguishable, stable, consistently expressed characteristics
-e.g. The Five Factor OCEAN Model
-Measures: NEO-PI-R; Cattel's 16 Factor; Eysenck Personality Inventory
What are the main Personality measures or tests?
Trait: *MMPI, *CPI, *16-PF, *NEO-PI, *EPI/EPQ
*Seligman Attributional Style Questionnaire
What are the structured methods of assessment within the Trait Method?
The California Psychological Inventory
Cattells 16PF Test
Eysenck Personality Inventory (EPI)
What are the structured methods of assessment within the Psychoanalytic Approach?
Projective Tests: Drawings, Rorschach ink blots, Thematic Apperception Tests
reveal unconscious "psychic" material
test-takers are unaware of purpose of test
Low Face Validity