W7 - Chapter 13 (Keywords) - DN Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in W7 - Chapter 13 (Keywords) - DN Deck (42):
1

analogue behavioural observation

  • observations
  • in an environment designed to increase chances of the targetted behaviour occurring

p.479

2

analogue study

  • Research or Behavioural intervention
  • replicates variable/s that are simlar or analagous to real variables of interest

p.479

3

apperceive

  • to perceive in terms of past perceptions

p.451

4

behavioural assessment

  • assessment approach
  • based on analysis of behaviour
    • including antecedents & consequences of the behaviour

p.471

5

behavioural observation

  • monitoring actions of self or others
  • may be visual or electronic
  • quantitative or qualitative info recorded
  • typically for
    • diagnosis or
    • to design an intervention or
    • to measure an intervention outcome

 

p. 12-13, 476-478

6

biofeedback

  • generic term
  • refers to psychophysiological assessment techniques
  • gauges, displays, or records a continuous monitoring of selected biological processes
    • e.g., pulse & bloof pressure

 

p.481

7

composite judgement

  • an averaging of multiple ratings of judgements
  • purpose - to minimise rater error

 

p.486

8

comprehensive system (Exner)

  • John Exner's integration of several methods of
    • administration
    • scoring & interpreting the

RORSCHACH TEST

p.447

9

contrast effect

  • potential source of error in behavioural ratings occurs when
  • dissimilarity of behaviours leads to a 'more' or 'less' favourable rating than would have occured if the dissimilarity hadn't existed

 

p.486

10

ecological momentary assessment

  • behavioural diary keeping
    • of problem behaviours 
  • real-time recording on hand-held computer

p.474

11

figure drawing test

  • task - draw a human figure &/or other figures
  • inferences about the basis of the figure are made about the testtakers
    • ability 
    • personality
    • neurological intactness

 

p.463

12

free association

  • a technique
  • mostly used in psychoanalysis
  • thoughts shared as they occur

contrast with word association

p.458n5

13

functional analysis of behaviour

  • behavioural assessment
  • process of identifying 
    • dependent variables
    • independent variables

 

p.479

14

implicit motive

  • nonconscious influence on behaviour
  • typically acquired on the basis of experience

 

p.454

15

inquiry (on the Rorschach)

  • element of Rorschach administration
  • following initial presentation of all 10 cards
    • assessor asks specific questions
    • to gain insight into what led to assessee's perceptions

p.445

16

leaderless group technique

  • situational assessment technique
  • assessor evaluates performance in a group situation on variables such as
    • leadership
    • initiative
    • cooperation

 

p.480, 585

17

need (Murray)

  • determinants of behaviour 
  • arising from within the individual
  • according to Henry Murray

 

contrast with Murrayan concept of press

p.452

18

objective methods of personality assessment

  • usually short-answer items, usually
    • multiple-choice
    • true-false or
    • matching format
  • task - select one response from the two or more provided
  • scoring involves
    • set procedures
    • little or no judgement required by scorer

p.440-441

19

penile plethysmograph

  • an instrument
  • used in assessment & treatment of male sex offenders
  • measures changes in penis volume
    • as a function of sexual arousal

p. 18, 482

20

percept (on the Rorschach)

  • a perception of an image
  • typically in the 

RORSCHACH

p.445

21

phallometric data

  • a record of the results from a penile plethysmograph

p.482

22

plethysmograph

  • an instrument
  • records change in volume of blood supply in particular part of body
    • e.g., penis

p.482

23

polygraph

  • an instrument
  • commonly known as  lie detector

 

p.482

24

press (Murray)

  • determinants of behaviour 
  • arising from within the environment
  • according to Henry Murray

contrast with the Murrayan concept of need

 

p.452

25

projective hypothesis

the thesis that

  • an individual supplies structure to unstructured stimuli
  • in a way consistent to own unique pattern of conscious & unconscious
    • needs
    • fears
    • desires
    • impulses
    • conflicts
    • ways of perceiving & responding

p.442

26

projective method

  • technique of personality assessment
  • judgement of personality made on
    • performance of a task
    • involving adding structure to unstructured or incomplete stimuli

 

p.442

27

psychophysiological (assessment methods)

  • techniques for monitoring
    • physiological changes known to be influenced by psychological factors
    • e.g., heart rate, blood pressure

p.481-484

28

reactivity

  • changes in assessees
    • behaviour
    • thinking
    • performance
  • in response to being
    • observed
    • assessed or
    • evaluated

p.479

29

role play

  • acting an improvised or partially improvised part
    • in a simulated situation

 

p.14, 481

30

Rorschach test

  • A projective technique within the psychoanalytic approach
  • 10 bilateral symmetrical pictures
  • assess personality by interpretation of inkblots

LOCATION
whole or part of figure
DETERMINANTS
shape of figure
CONTENT
do you see animals, abstract etc

 

p.8, 443-449

31

self-monitoring

systematically

  • observing & recording

ones own behaviour &/or events related to that behaviour

 

p. 478-479

32

sentence completion

  • an item format
  • Part of sentence given
    • I feel like I am..........
    • then need to finish it

p.459

33

sentence completion stem

  • all of the words that make up the sentence completion item
  • not including the blank space to be completed by the testtaker
     

p.459

34

sentence completion test

  • a projective tool of assessment
  • contains a series of incomplete phrases
  • task - insert a word/s to complete sentence

p.459

35

situational performance measure

  • involves performance of a task
  • under actual or simulated conditions
  • assessor evaluates or observes

p.480-481

36

TAT

ADULT

  • 20 various settings pictures
  • interpret

CHILDREN'S version - 10 pictures (animals)

  • Thema's
    • unit of behaviour
    • manifest in childhood - stay wth you
  • Various Scoring Criteria
    • Weston's Coding System or Bellaks

RELIABILITY

inter-scorer reliability.37-.9

VALIDITY - low - moderate

must be interpreted in context

p.450-454

37

testing the limits (on the Rorschach)

  • optional interview
  • after initial inquiry
  • examiner asks questions for additional insight into thought processes & personality

p.445

38

thema (Murray)

LECTURE
  • unit of behaviour
  • manifests in childhood - stays with you

 

TEXT

  • unit of interaction between need & press
  • in Henry Murray's Personality theory

p.452

39

timeline followback (TLFB) methodology

  • technique of behavioural observation
  • involves recording
    • frequency & intensity of
  • targetted behaviour over time

 

p.471

40

unobtrusive measure

  • type of measure
  • does not require presence or cooperation of respondents

p.484

41

word association

  • task used in personality assessment
  • assessee verbalizes the first word that comes to mind
    • in response to a stimulus word

contrast with free association

p.457, 458n5

42

word association test

  • projective personality assessment technique
    • semistructured
    • individually administered
  • list of stimulus words presented
  • assessee responds
    • (verbally or written)
  • first thing that comes to mind

p.457, 458