[LECTURE] Cranial Strains and Movement [Joy] Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in [LECTURE] Cranial Strains and Movement [Joy] Deck (36)
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1

What are the midline/unpaired bones of the cranium?

Occiput

 

Sphenoid

2

What are the facial midline/unpaired bones?

Manible

Vomer

Ethmoid

 

3

What are the (5) paired bones of the cranial vault?

Frontal

Parietals

Squamous temporalis

Squamous occiput

Greater wing of sphenoid

4

What are the (7) paired bones of the face?

Inferior nasal concha

Lacrimal

Maxilla

Nasal

Palatine

Zygoma

Frontal

5

Basic motion of the SBS

 

Inhalation induces?

Flexion

6

Basic motion of the SBS

 

Exhalation induces?

Extension

7

Where is the ethmoid bone?

Hangs from the ethmoid notch and enters into the formation of the orbit

8

The sphenoid bone and the ethmoid bone typically move in...

Opposite directions of each other

9

As the ethmoid bone FLEXES, what also occurs?

External rotation

10

The vomer moves in the same direction as the _________

The vomer​ moves in the same direction as the sphenoid

 

The vomer is fused to the sphenoid and moves wherever it goes!

11

When the SBS is in flexion

 

The ethmoid will move in the same direction as the __________

When the SBS is in flexion

 

The ethmoid will move in the same direction as the occiput

 

 

*Vowels move together, consonants move together

12

When the SBS is in flexion

 

The vomer will move in the same direction as the __________

When the SBS is in flexion

 

The vomer will move in the same direction as the sphenoid

 

 

*Vowels move together, consonants move together

13

Describe the vault contact

1. Index fingers = greater sphenoid wings

2. Middle fingers = anterior to ear

3. Ring fingers = mastoid process

4. Pinky fingers = occiput

5. Thumbs = frontal

14

What is an SBS lateral strain named for?

 

What is it?

Named for the direction of the base of the sphenoid

 

 

15

What is the direction of motion for the SBS lateral strain?

Both the sphenoid and occiput move in the SAME DIRECTION

16

How is a vertical strain named?

Named for the direction of the base of the sphenoid

17

What are the axes for vertical strains?

Transverse

18

What type of strain is this?

 

"1st fingers move toward the practitioner, pinky fingers move away from practitioner"

Inferior strain

 

(It's like the head rolls back into lap)

19

What type of strain is this?

 

"1st fingers move away from practitioner, pinky fingers move toward practitioner"

Superior strain 

 

(It's like your hands are rolling forward and away from you)

20

How are SBS torsions named?

Named for the higher greater wing of the sphenoid

21

What is the motion that occurs in a SBS torsion?

Motion happens in opposite directions about this axis 

22

Describe that palpation you would feel in a torsion SBS SD

1st finger and pinky of one hand move superiorly

 

While the other hand moves inferiorly

23

Whta is the sidebending rotation SBS SD named for?

Named for the convexity developed in the cranium

 

(Side of fullness)

24

What motion occurs for a sidebending rotation SBS SD about the axes?

Motion happens in the SAME direciton about the SAGITTAL axis

 

Motion happens in the OPPOSITE direction on the VERTICAL axis

25

Describe what you'd palpate in a sidebending rotation SBS SD

Named for the side that feels "fuller" = 1st finger and pinky move away from each other

 

Opposite side "shrinks" = 1st finger and pinky move toward each other

 

 

26

What is a compression SBS SD?

Significant trauma

 

SBS is compressed

27

How can you remember which way sacral nutation is?

Sacral base goes toward the nuts

 

(Anterior)

28

SBS flexion causes sacral ___________

 

 

SBS extension causes sacral __________

SBS flexion causes sacral COUNTERNUTATION

 

 

SBS extension causes sacral NUTATION

29

Where would trauma occur to cause a lateral strain?

Anterior or Posterior to the SBS

30

Where would trauma occur to cause a vertical strain?

Superior or inferior to the SBS