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Flashcards in Leg And Foot Muscles Deck (22):
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Tibialis anterior Origin? Insertion? Innervation? Action?

O: Lateral condyle and superior half of lateral surface of tibia and interosseous membrane

I: Medial and inferior surfaces of medial cuneiform and base of 1st metatarsal

Inner: Deep fibular nerve (L4-L5)

Action: Dorsiflexes ankle; inverts foot; supports medial longitudinal arch of foot

1

Extensor hallucis longus Origin? Insertion? Innervation? Action?

O: Middle part of anterior surface of fibula and interosseous membrane

I: Dorsal aspect of base of distal phalanx of great toe (hallux)

Inner: Deep fibular nerve (L5-S1)

Action: Extends great toe; dorsiflexes ankle

2

Extensor digitorum longus Origin? Insertion? Innervation? Action?

O: Lateral condyle of tibia and superior three fourths of anterior surface of interosseous membrane

I: Middle and distal phalanges of lateral four digits

Inner: Deep fibular nerve (L5-S1)

Action: Extends lateral four digits; dorsiflexes ankle

3

Fibularis tertius Origin? Insertion? Innervation? Action?

O: Inferior third of anterior surface of fibula and interosseous membrane

I: Dorsum of base of 5th metatarsal

Inner: Deep fibular nerve (L5-S1)

Action: Dorsiflexes ankle; aids in eversion of foot

4

Fibularis longus Origin? Insertion? Innervation? Action?

O: Head and superior two thirds of lateral surface of fibula

I: Base of 1st metatarsal and medial cuneiform

Inner: Superficial fibular nerve (L5-S2)

Action: Evert foot; weakly plantarflex ankle. FL supports transverse arch of foot

5

Fibularis brevis Origin? Insertion? Innervation? Action?

O: Inferior two thirds of lateral surface of fibula

I: Dorsal surface of tuberosity of base of 5th metatarsal

Inner: Superficial fibular nerve (L5-S2)

Action: ????

6

Gastrocnemius Origin? Insertion? Innervation? Action?

O: Lateral head-> Lateral aspect of lateral condyle of femur
Medial head-> Popliteal surface of femur, superior to medial condyle

I: Posterior surface of calcaneus via calcaneal tendon

Inner: Tibial nerve (S1 and S2)

Action: Plantarflexes ankle when knee is extended; raises heel during walking and flexes leg and knee joint

7

Soleus Origin? Insertion? Innervation? Action?

O: Posterior aspect of head of fibula, superior quarter of posterior surface of fibula, soleal line, and medial border of tibia

I: Posterior surface of calcaneus via calcaneal tendon

Inner: Tibial nerve (S1 and S2)

Action: Plantarflexes ankle; steadies leg on foot

8

Plantaris Origin? Insertion? Innervation? Action?

O: Inferior end of lateral supracondylar line of femur and oblique popliteal ligament

I: Posterior surface of calcaneus via calcaneal tendon

Inner: Tibial nerve (S1 and S2)

Action: Weakly assists gastrocnemius in plantarflexing ankle

9

Flexor hallucis longus Origin? Insertion? Innervation? Action?

O: Inferior two thirds of posterior surface of fibula and inferior part of interosseous membrane

I: Base of distal phalanx of great toe

Inner: Tibial nerve (S2-S3)

Action: Flexes great toe at all joints; weakly plantarflexes ankle; supports medial longitudinal arch of foot

10

Flexor digitorum longus Origin? Insertion? Innervation? Action?

O: Medial part of posterior surface of tibia inferior to soleal line and by a broad tendon to fibula

I: Bases of distal phalanges of lateral four digits

Inner: Tibial nerve (S2-S3)

Action: Flexes lateral four digits; Plantarflexes ankle; supports longitudinal arches of foot

11

Tibialis posterior Origin? Insertion? Innervation? Action?

O: Interosseous membrane, posterior surface of tibia inferior to soleal line and posterior surface of fibula

I: Primarily to tuberosity of navicular; also to cuneiforms, cuboid and bases of 2-4th metatarsals

Inner: Tibial nerve (L4-L5)

Action: Plantarflexes ankle; inverts foot; supports medial longitudinal arch of foot

12

Abductor hallucis Origin? Insertion? Innervation? Action?

O: Medial tubercle of tuberosity of calcaneus, flexor retinaculum, and plantar aponeurosis

I: Medial side of base of proximal phalanx of 1st digit

Inner: Medial plantar nerve (S2-S3)

Action: Abducts and flexes 1st digit

13

Flexor digitorum brevis Origin? Insertion? Innervation? Action?

O: Medial tubercle of tuberosity of calcaneus, plantar aponeurosis, and intermuscular septa

I: Both sides of middle phalanges of lateral four digits

Inner: Medial plantar nerve (S2-S3)

Action: Flexes lateral four digits

14

Abductor digiti minimi Origin? Insertion? Innervation? Action?

O: Medial and lateral tubercles of tuberosity of calcaneus, plantar aponeurosis, and intermuscular septa

I: Lateral side of base of proximal phalanx of 5th digit

Inner: Lateral plantar nerve (S2-S3)

Action: Abducts and flexes 5th digit

15

Quadratus plantae Origin? Insertion? Innervation? Action?

O: Medial surface and lateral margin of plantar surface of calcaneus

I: Posterolateral margin of tendon of flexor digitorum longus

Inner: Lateral plantar nerve (S2-S3)

Action: Assists flexor digitorum longus in flexing lateral four digits

16

Lumbricals Origin? Insertion? Innervation? Action?

O: Tendons of flexor digitorum longus

I: Medial aspect of expansion over lateral four digits

Inner: Medial one-> medial plantar nerve (S2-S3)
Lateral three-> lateral plantar nerve (S2-S3)

Action: Flex proximal phalanges; extend middle and distal phalanges of lateral four digits

17

Flexor hallucis brevis Origin? Insertion? Innervation? Action?

O: Plantar surfaces of cuboid and lateral cuneiform

I: Both sides of base of proximal phalanx of 1st digit

Inner: Medial plantar nerve (S2-S3)

Action: Flexes proximal phalanx of 1st digit

18

Adductor hallucis Origin? Insertion? Innervation? Action?

O: Oblique head-> Bases of metatarsals 2-4
Transverse head-> plantar ligaments of 3-5th metatarsophalangeal joints

I: Tendons of both heads attach to lateral side of base of proximal phalanx of 1st digit

Inner: Deep branch of lateral plantar nerve (S2-S3)

Action: Adducts 1st digit; assists in maintaining transverse arch of foot

19

Flexor digiti minimi brevis Origin? Insertion? Innervation? Action?

O: Base of 5th metatarsal

I: Base of proximal phalanx of 5th digit

Inner: Superficial branch of lateral plantar nerve (S2-S3)

Action: Flexes proximal phalanx of 5th digit, thereby assisting with its flexion

20

Plantar interossei (3) Origin? Insertion? Innervation? Action?

O: Bases and medial sides of metatarsals 3-5

I: Medial sides of bases of proximal phalanges of 3-5th digits

Inner: Lateral plantar nerve (S2-S3)

Action: Adduct digits 3-5 and flex metatarsophalangeal joints

21

Dorsal interossei (4) Origin? Insertion? Innervation? Action?

O: Adjacent sides of metatarsals 1-5

I: First-> medial side of proximal phalanx of 2nd digit
Second-Fourth-> lateral sides of 2-4th digits

Inner: Lateral plantar nerve (S2-S3)

Action: Abduct digits 2-4 and flex metatarsophalangeal joints