Legal Terms- A Flashcards Preview

Court Assistant Test > Legal Terms- A > Flashcards

Flashcards in Legal Terms- A Deck (79):
0

ACTION

"Action" includes a civil action and a criminal action.

1

A FORTIORI

A term meaning you can reason one thing from the existence of certain facts.

2

A POSTERIORI

From what goes after; from effect to cause.

3

A PRIORI

From what goes before; from cause to effect.

4

AB INITIO

From the beginning.

5

ABATE

To diminish for put an end to. 

 

6

ABET

To encourage the commission of a crime. 

7

ABEYANCE

Suspension, temporary supression. 

8

ABIDE

To accept the consequences of. 

9

ABJURE

To renounce; give up.

10

ABRIDGE

To reduce; contract; diminish.

11

ABROGATE

To annul, repeal, or destroy.

12

ABSCOND

To hide or absent oneself to avoid legal action. 

13

ABSTRACT

A summary.

14

ABUT

To border on, to touch. 

15

ACCESS

Approach; in real property law it means the right of the owner of property to the use of the highway or road next to his land, without obstruction by intervening property owners. 

16

ACCESSORY

In criminal law, it means the person who contributes or aids in the commission of a crime. 

17

ACCOMMODATED PARTY

One to whom credit is extended on the strength of another person signing a commercial paper. 

18

ACCOMODATION PAPER

A commercial paper to which the accommodated party has put his name. 

19

ACCOMPLICE

In criminal law, it means a person who together with the principal offender commits a crime. 

20

ACCORD

An agreement to accept something different or less than that to which one is entitled , which extinguishes the entire obligation. 

21

ACCOUNT

A statement of mutual demands in the nature of debt and credit between parties. 

22

ACCRETION

The act of adding to a thing; in real property law, it means gradual accumulation of land by natural causes.

23

ACCRUE

To grow to; to be added to.

24

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

The act of going before an official authorized to take acknowledgements, and acknowledging an act as one's own. 

25

ACQUIESENCE

A silent appearence of consent. 

26

ACQUIT

To legally determine the innocence of one charged with a crime. 

27

AD INFINITUM

Indefinitely.

28

AD LITEM

For the suit. 

29

AD VALOREM

According to value. 

30

ADJECTIVE LAW

Rules of procedure. 

31

ADJUDICATION

The judgement given in a case. 

32

ADMIRALTY

Court having jurisdiction over maritime cases.

33

ADULT

Sixteen years old or over (in criminal law)

34

ADVANCE

In commercial law, it means to pay money or render other value before it is due. 

35

ADVERSE

Opposed; contrary.

36

ADVOCATE

(v.) To speak in favor of;

(n.) One who assists, defends, or pleads for another.

37

AFFIANT

A person who makes and signs an affidavit.

38

AFFIDAVIT

A written and sworn to declaration of facts, voluntarily made. 

39

AFFINITY 

The relationship between persons through marriage with the kindred of each other; distinguished from consanguinity, which is the relationship by blood. 

40

AFFIRM

To ratify; also when an appellate court affirms a judgement, decree, or order, it means that it is valid and right and must stand as rendered in the lower court. 

41

AFOREMENTIONED; AFORESAID

Before or already said. 

42

AGENT

One who represents and acts for another. 

43

AID AND COMFORT

To help; encourage.

44

ALIAS

A name not one's true name. 

45

ALIBI

A claim of not being present at a certain place at a certain time.

46

ALLEGE

To assert.

47

ALLOTMENT

A share or portion. 

48

AMBIGUITY

Uncertainty; capable of being understood in more than one way. 

49

AMENDMENT

Any language made or proposed as a change in some principal writing. 

50

AMICUS CURIAE

A friend of the court; one who has an interest in a case, although not a party in the case, who volunteers advice upon matters of law to the judge. For example, a brief amicus curiae. 

51

AMORTIZATION

To provide for a gradual extinction of (a future obligation) in advance of maturity, especially by periodical contributios to a sinking fund which will be adequate to discharge a debt or make a replacement when it becomes necessary. 

52

ANCILLARY

Aiding, auxiliary.

53

ANNOTATION

A note added by way of comment or explanation. 

54

ANSWER

A written statement made by a defendant setting forth the grounds of his defense. 

55

ANTE

Before. 

56

ANTE MORTEM

Before death. 

57

APPEAL

The removal of a case from a lower court to one of superior jurisdiction for the purpose of obtaining a review. 

58

APPEARANCE

Coming into court as a party to a suit.

59

APPELLANT

The party who takes an appeal from one court or jurisdiction to another (appellate) court for review. 

60

APPELLEE

The party against whom an appeal is taken. 

61

APPROPRIATE

To make a thing one's own. 

62

APPROPRIATION

Prescribing the destination of a thing; the act of the legislature designating a particular fund, to be applied to some object of government expenditure. 

63

APPURTENANT

Belonging to; accessory or incident to. 

64

ARBITER

One who decides a dispute; a referee. 

65

ARBITRARY

Unreasoned; not governed by any fixed rules or standard.

66

ARGUENDO

By way of argument. 

67

ARRAIGN

To call the prisoner before the court to answer to a charge. 

68

ASSENT

A declaration of willingness to do something in compliance with a request.

69

ASSERT

Declare. 

70

ASSESS

To fix the rate or amount. 

71

ASSIGN

To transfer; to appoint; to select for a particular purpose. 

72

ASSIGNEE

One who receives an assignment.

73

ASSIGNOR

One who makes an assignment. 

74

AT BAR

Before the court.

75

AT ISSUE

When parties in an action come to a point where one asserts something and the other denies it. 

76

ATTACH

Seize property by court order and sometimes arrest a person. 

77

ATTEST

To witness a will, etc; an act of attestation. 

78

AVERMENT

A positive statement of facts.