Legal Terms- C Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Legal Terms- C Deck (74):
1

CANON

A doctrine; also a law or rule, of a church or association in particular.

2

CAPIAS

An order to arrest.

3

CAPTION

In a pleading, deposition or other paper connected with a case in court, it is the heading or introductory clause which shows the names of the parties, name of the court, number of the case on the docket or calendar, etc.

4

CARRIER

A person or corporation undertaking to transport persons or property.

5

CASE

A general term for an action, cause, suit, or controversy before a judicial body.

6

CAUSE

A suit, litigation or action before a court.

7

CAVEAT EMPTOR

Let the buyer beware. This term expresses the rule that the purchaser of an article must examine, judge, and test it for himself, being bound to discover any obvious defects or imperfections.

8

CERTIFICATE

A written representation that some legal formality has been complied with.

9

CERTIORARI

To be informed of; the name of a writ issued by a superior court directing the lower court to send up to the former the record and proceedings of a case.

10

CHANGE OF VENUE

To remove place of trial from one place to another.

11

CHARGE

An obligation or duty; a formal complaint; an instruction of the court to the jury upon a case.

12

CHARTER

(n.) The authority by virtue of which an organized body acts;
(v.) In mercantile law, it means to hire or lease a vehicle or vessel for transportation.

13

CHATTEL

An article of personal property.

14

CHATTEL MORTGAGE

A mortgage on personal property.

15

CIRCUIT

A division of the country, for the administration of justice; a geographical area served by the court.

16

CITATION

The act of the court by which a person is summoned or cited; also a reference to legal authority.

17

CIVIL (ACTIONS)

It indicates the private rights and remedies of individuals in contrast to the word "criminal" (actions) which relates to prosecution for violation of laws.

18

CLAIM (n.)

Any demand held or asserted as of right.

19

CODICIL

An addition to a will.

20

CODIFY

To arrange the laws of a country to a code.

21

COGNIZANCE

Notice or knowledge.

22

COLLATERAL

By the side; accompanying; an article or thing given to secure performance of a promise.

23

COMITY

Courtesy; the practice by which one court follows the decision of another court on the same question.

24

COMMIT

To perform as an act; to perpetrate, as a crime; to send a person to prison.

25

COMMON LAW

As distinguished from law created by the enactment of legislature (called statutory law), it relates to those principles and rules of action which derive their authority solely from usages and customs of immemorial antiquity, particularly with reference to the ancient unwritten law of England. The written pronouncements of the common law are found in court decisions.

26

COMMUTE

Change punishment to one less severe.

27

COMPLAINANT

One who applies to the court for legal redress.

28

COMPLAINT

The pleading of a plaintiff in a civil action; or a charge that a person has committed a specified offense.

29

COMPROMISE

An arrangement for settling a dispute by agreement.

30

CONCUR

To agree, consent.

31

CONCURRENT

Running together, at the same time.

32

CONDEMNATION

Taking private property for public use on payment therefor.

33

CONDITION

Mode or state of being; a qualification or restriction.

34

CONDUCT

Active and passive behavior; both verbal and nonverbal.

35

CONFESSION

Voluntary statement of guilt of crime.

36

CONFIDENTIAL COMMUNICATION BETWEEN CLIENT AND LAWYER

Information transmitted between a client and his lawyer in the course of that relationship and in confidence by a means which, so far as the client is aware, discloses the information to no third persons other than those who are present to further the interest of the client in the consultation or those to whom disclosure is reasonably necessary for the transmission of the information or the accomplishment of the purpose for which the lawyer is consulted, and includes a legal opinion formed and the advice given by the lawyer in the course of that relationship.

37

CONFRONTATION

Witness testifying in the presence of the defendant.

38

CONSANGUINITY

Blood relationship.

39

COSIGNEE

To give in to charge; commit; entrust; to send or transmit goods to a merchant, factor or agent for sale.

40

CONSIGNEE

One to whom a consignment is made.

41

CONSIGNOR

One who sends or makes a consignment.

42

CONSPIRACY

In criminal law, it means an agreement between two or more persons to commit an unlawful act.

43

CONSPIRATORS

Persons involved in a conspiracy.

44

CONSTITUTION

The fundamental law of a nation or a state.

45

CONSTRUCTION OF GENDERS

The masculine gender includes the feminine and neuter.

46

CONSTRUCTION OF SINGULAR AND PLURAL

The singular number includes the plural; and the plural, the singular.

47

CONSTRUCTION OF TENSES

The present tense includes the past and future tenses; and the future, the present.

48

CONSTRUCTIVE

An act or condition assumed from other parts or conditions.

49

CONSTRUE

To ascertain the meaning of language.

50

CONSUMMATE

To complete.

51

CONTIGUOUS

Adjoining; touching; bounded by.

52

CONTINGENT

Possible, but not assured; dependent upon some condition.

53

CONTINUANCE

THe adjournment or postponement of an action pending in a court.

54

CONTRA

Against, opposed to; contrary.

55

CONTRACT

An agreement between two or more persons to do or not to do a particular thing.

56

CONTROVERT

To dispute, deny.

57

CONVERSION

Dealing with the personal property of another as if it were one's own, without right.

58

CONVEYANCE

An instrument transferring title to land.

59

CONVICTION

Generally, the result of a criminal trial which ends in a judgement or sentence that the defendant is guilty as charged.

60

COOPERATIVE

A cooperative is a voluntary organization of persons with a common interest, formed and operated along democratic lines for the purpose of supplying services at cost to its members and other patrons who contribute both capital and business.

61

CORPUS DELICTI

The body of a crime; the crime itself.

62

CORROBORATE

To strengthen; to add weight by additional evidence.

63

COUNTERCLAIM

A claim presented by a defendant in opposition to or deduction from the claim of the plaintiff.

64

COUNTY

Political subdivision of a state.

65

COVENANT

Agreement.

66

CREDIBLE

Worthy of belief.

67

CREDITOR

A person to whom a debt is owing by another person, called the "debtor."

68

CRIMINAL ACTION

Includes criminal proceedings.

69

CRIMINAL INFORMATION

Same as complaint.

70

CRITERION

(sing.)

71

CRITERIA

(plural) A means or test for judging; a standard or standards.

72

CROSS EXAMINATION

Examination of a witness by a party other than the direct examiner upon a matter that is within the scopre of the direct examination of the witness.

73

CULPABLE

Blamable.

74

CY-PRESS

As near as (possible). The rule of cy-press is a rule for the construction of instruments in equity by which the intention of the party is carried out as near as may be, when it would impossible or illegal to give it literal effect.