Flashcards in Legal Terms- C Deck (74):
A doctrine; also a law or rule, of a church or association in particular.
An order to arrest.
In a pleading, deposition or other paper connected with a case in court, it is the heading or introductory clause which shows the names of the parties, name of the court, number of the case on the docket or calendar, etc.
A person or corporation undertaking to transport persons or property.
A general term for an action, cause, suit, or controversy before a judicial body.
A suit, litigation or action before a court.
Let the buyer beware. This term expresses the rule that the purchaser of an article must examine, judge, and test it for himself, being bound to discover any obvious defects or imperfections.
A written representation that some legal formality has been complied with.
To be informed of; the name of a writ issued by a superior court directing the lower court to send up to the former the record and proceedings of a case.
CHANGE OF VENUE
To remove place of trial from one place to another.
An obligation or duty; a formal complaint; an instruction of the court to the jury upon a case.
(n.) The authority by virtue of which an organized body acts;
(v.) In mercantile law, it means to hire or lease a vehicle or vessel for transportation.
An article of personal property.
A mortgage on personal property.
A division of the country, for the administration of justice; a geographical area served by the court.
The act of the court by which a person is summoned or cited; also a reference to legal authority.
It indicates the private rights and remedies of individuals in contrast to the word "criminal" (actions) which relates to prosecution for violation of laws.
Any demand held or asserted as of right.
An addition to a will.
To arrange the laws of a country to a code.
Notice or knowledge.
By the side; accompanying; an article or thing given to secure performance of a promise.
Courtesy; the practice by which one court follows the decision of another court on the same question.
To perform as an act; to perpetrate, as a crime; to send a person to prison.
As distinguished from law created by the enactment of legislature (called statutory law), it relates to those principles and rules of action which derive their authority solely from usages and customs of immemorial antiquity, particularly with reference to the ancient unwritten law of England. The written pronouncements of the common law are found in court decisions.
Change punishment to one less severe.
One who applies to the court for legal redress.
The pleading of a plaintiff in a civil action; or a charge that a person has committed a specified offense.
An arrangement for settling a dispute by agreement.
To agree, consent.
Running together, at the same time.
Taking private property for public use on payment therefor.
Mode or state of being; a qualification or restriction.
Active and passive behavior; both verbal and nonverbal.
Voluntary statement of guilt of crime.
CONFIDENTIAL COMMUNICATION BETWEEN CLIENT AND LAWYER
Information transmitted between a client and his lawyer in the course of that relationship and in confidence by a means which, so far as the client is aware, discloses the information to no third persons other than those who are present to further the interest of the client in the consultation or those to whom disclosure is reasonably necessary for the transmission of the information or the accomplishment of the purpose for which the lawyer is consulted, and includes a legal opinion formed and the advice given by the lawyer in the course of that relationship.
Witness testifying in the presence of the defendant.
To give in to charge; commit; entrust; to send or transmit goods to a merchant, factor or agent for sale.
One to whom a consignment is made.
One who sends or makes a consignment.
In criminal law, it means an agreement between two or more persons to commit an unlawful act.
Persons involved in a conspiracy.
The fundamental law of a nation or a state.
CONSTRUCTION OF GENDERS
The masculine gender includes the feminine and neuter.
CONSTRUCTION OF SINGULAR AND PLURAL
The singular number includes the plural; and the plural, the singular.
CONSTRUCTION OF TENSES
The present tense includes the past and future tenses; and the future, the present.
An act or condition assumed from other parts or conditions.
To ascertain the meaning of language.
Adjoining; touching; bounded by.
Possible, but not assured; dependent upon some condition.
THe adjournment or postponement of an action pending in a court.
Against, opposed to; contrary.
An agreement between two or more persons to do or not to do a particular thing.
To dispute, deny.
Dealing with the personal property of another as if it were one's own, without right.
An instrument transferring title to land.
Generally, the result of a criminal trial which ends in a judgement or sentence that the defendant is guilty as charged.
A cooperative is a voluntary organization of persons with a common interest, formed and operated along democratic lines for the purpose of supplying services at cost to its members and other patrons who contribute both capital and business.
The body of a crime; the crime itself.
To strengthen; to add weight by additional evidence.
A claim presented by a defendant in opposition to or deduction from the claim of the plaintiff.
Political subdivision of a state.
Worthy of belief.
A person to whom a debt is owing by another person, called the "debtor."
Includes criminal proceedings.
Same as complaint.
(plural) A means or test for judging; a standard or standards.
Examination of a witness by a party other than the direct examiner upon a matter that is within the scopre of the direct examination of the witness.