Legal Terms- P Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Legal Terms- P Deck (59):
1

PANEL

A group of jurors selected to serve during a term of the court.

2

PARENS PATRIAE

Sovereign power of a state to protect or be a guardian over children and incompetents.

3

PAROL

Oral or verbal.

4

PAROLE

To release one in prison before the expiration of his sentence conditionally.

5

PARITY

Equality in purchasing power between the farmer and other segments of the economy.

6

PARTITION

A legal division of real or personal property between one or more owners.

7

PARTNERSHIP

An association of two or more persons to carry on as co-owners a business for profit.

8

PATENT (adj.)

Evident.

9

PATENT (n.)

A grant of some privilege, property, or authority.

10

PECULATION

Stealing.

11

PECUNIARY

Monetary.

12

PENULTIMATE

Next to the last.

13

PER CURIAM

A phrase used in the report of a decision to distinguish an opinion of the whole court from an opinion written by any one judge.

14

PER SE

In itself; taken alone.

15

PERCEIVE

To acquire knowledge through one's senses.

16

PEREMPTORY

Imperative; absolute.

17

PERJURY

To lie or state falsely under oath.

18

PERPETUITY

Perpetual existence; also the quality or condition of an estate limited so that it will not take effect or vest within the period fixed by law.

19

PERSON

Includes a natural person, firm, association, organization, partnership, business trust, corporation, or public entity.

20

PERSONAL PROPERTY

Includes money, goods, chattels, things in action, and evidence of debt.

21

PERSONALITY

Short term for personal property.

22

PETITION

An application in writing for an order of the court, stating the circumstance upon which it is founded and requesting any order or other relief from a court.

23

PLAINTIFF

A person who brings a court action.

24

PLEA

A pleading in a suit or action.

25

PLEADINGS

Formal allegations made by the parties of their respective claims and defenses, for the judgement of the court.

26

PLEDGE

The party to whom goods are delivered in pledge.

27

PLEDGEE

The party to whom goods are delivered in pledge.

28

PLEDGOR

The party delivering goods in pledge.

29

PLENARY

Full; complete.

30

POLICE POWER

Inherent power of the state or its political subdivisions to enact laws within constitutional limits to promote the general welfare of society or the community.

31

POLLING THE JURY

Call the names of persons on a jury and requiring each juror to declare what his verdict is before it is legally recorded.

32

POST MORTEM

After death.

33

POWER OF ATTORNEY

A writing authorizing one to act for another.

34

PRECEPT

An order, warrant, or writ issued to an officer or body of officers, commanding him or them to do some act within the scope of his or their powers.

35

PRELIMINARY FACT

Fact upon the existence or nonexistence of which depends the admissibility or inadmissibility of evidence. The phrase "the admissibility or inadmissibility of evidence" includes the qualification or disqualification of a person to be a witness and the existence or nonexistence of a privilege.

36

PREPONDERANCE

Outweighing.

37

PRESENTMENT

A report by a grand jury on something they have investigated on their own knowledge.

38

PRESUMPTION

An assumption of fact resulting from a rule of law which requires such fact to be assumed from another fact or group of facts found or otherwise established in the action.

39

PRIMA FACUE

At first sight.

40

PRIMA FACIE CASE

A case where the evidence is very patent against the defendant.

41

PRINCIPAL

The source of authority or rights; a person primarily liable as differentiated from "principle" as a primary or basic doctrine.

42

PRO AND CON

For and against.

43

PRO RATA

Proportionally.

44

PROBATE

Relating to proof, especially to the proof of wills.

45

PROBATIVE

Tending to prove.

46

PROCEDURE

In law, this term generally denotes rules which are established by the Federal, State, or local Governments regarding the types of pleading and courtroom practice which must be followed by the parties involved in a criminal or civil case.

47

PROCLAMATION

A public notice by an official of some order, intended action, or state of facts.

48

PROFFERED EVIDENCE

The admissibility or inadmissibility of which is dependent upon the existence or nonexistence of preliminary fact.

49

PROMISSORY (NOTE)

A promise in writing to pay a specified sum at an expressed time, or on demand, or at sight, to a named person, or to his order, or bearer.

50

PROOF

The establishment by evidence of a requisite degree of belief concerning a fact in the mind of the trier of fact or the court.

51

PROPERTY

Includes both real and personal property.

52

PROPRIETARY (adj.)

Relating or pertaining to ownership; usually a single owner.

53

PROSECUTE

To carry on an action or other judicial proceeding; to proceed against a person criminally.

54

PROVISO

A limitation or condition in a legal instrument.

55

PROXIMATE

Immediate; nearest.

56

PUBLIC EMPLOYEE

An officer, agent, or employee of a public entity.

57

PUBLIC ENTITY

Includes a national, state, county, city and county, city, district, public authority, public agency, or any othe political subdivision of public corporation, whether foreign or domestic.

58

PUBLIC OFFICIAL

Includes an official of a political subdivision or such state or territory and of a municipality.

59

PUNITIVE

Relating to punishment.