Lesson 03 (with audio) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Lesson 03 (with audio) Deck (15):
1

bombast

(bŏmʹ băst)

(noun) impressive but meaningless language

Please, professor, no more bombast; just give me the facts.

2

bona fide

(bōʹ nǝ fīd)

(adj.) in good faith

We made a bona fide offer for the property.

syn: legitimate, genuine

ant: fraudulent, phony

3

boor

(boor)

(noun) a rude or impolite person

My brother was acting like a boor.

syn: buffoon, clown

ant: sophisticate

4

bovine

(bōʹ vīn)

(adj.) pertaining to cows or cattle

The critic described the large figures in the painting as bovine.

5

bowdlerize

(boudʹ lĕr īz)

(verb) to remove offensive passages of a play, novel, etc.

If the editors bowdlerize much more of the book, there won't be anything left to read.

syn: to censor

6

brevity

(brĕvʹ ĭ tē)

(noun) briefness; short duration

The brevity of the candidate's speech surprised everyone.

syn: terseness, conciseness

ant: long-windedness

7

bucolic

(byōō kŏlʹ ĭk)

(adj.) pertaining to the countryside; rural, rustic

Jim wanted to find an old inn in a bucolic setting in which to have lunch.

syn: pastoral

8

cajole

(kǝ jōlʹ)

(verb) to coax, to persuade, to wheedle

Tim tried to cajole his parents into letting him use the new car.

9

callow

(kălʹ ō)

(adj.) young and inexperienced

Although he was not the typical callow youth, he was not as experienced as he pretended.

syn: immature

ant: mature, sophisticated

10

carcinogen

(kär sĭnʹ ǝ jǝn)

(noun) causing cancer

It is widely believed that nicotine is a carcinogen.

11

carnal

(kärʹ nǝl)

(adj.) sensual, sexual

Even though Evelyn didn't understand the painting, she knew it had a carnal feeling about it.

syn: erotic, voluptuous

ant: chaste, modest

12

carrion

(kărʹ ē ǝn)

(noun) decaying flesh

The vultures circling in the sky led the border patrol to the carrion they had been seeking since the report of the disaster.

13

cataclysm

(kătʹ ǝ klĭz ǝm)

(noun) a violent change

The earthquake in Mexico was a cataclysm which no one could have foreseen.

syn: disaster, catastrophe

ant: triumph, boon

14

cataract

(kătʹ ǝ răkt)

(noun) 1. large waterfall; abnormality of the eye

Because of the cataracts in that part of the river, you can't put a canoe in the water.

My grandmother had to have a cataract surgically removed from her eye.

15

caveat

(kāʹ vi ăt)

(noun) a warning

John did not heed that old caveat about swimming alone because he had such confidence in his own ability.