Lesson 04 (with audio) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Lesson 04 (with audio) Deck (15):
1

celibate

(sĕlʹ ǝ bĭt)

(noun) unmarried

(adj.) abstaining from sex

Priests that are celibates.

In that religion, the priests take vows to remain impoverished and celibate.

2

censure

(sĕnʹ shǝr)

(verb) to criticize sharply

Congress voted to censure the young congressman because of his unethical behavior.

syn: blame, condemn, reproach

ant: praise, applaud

3

cessation

(sĕ sāʹ shǝn)

(noun) a stopping; a discontinuance

Although there was a cessation in the hostilities, no one doubted that the battle would resume the next day.

syn: a pause, a ceasing

ant: a beginning, a commencement

4

chaff

(chaf)

(noun) worthless matter

"Give me just the facts," the professor said. "Separate the wheat from the chaff."

5

chagrin

(shǝ grĭnʹ)

(noun) embarrassment; a complete loss of courage

Joanne had never felt such chagrin as the time when she fell into the mud puddle in front of her fiancée's family.

6

chimerical

(kǝ mĕrʹ ĭ kǝl)

(adj.) imaginary; fantastic

Although they laughed at his plans and called them chimerical, later events proved him to be a visionary.

syn: absurd, illusionary

ant: practical

7

coalesce

(kō ǝ lĕsʹ)

(verb) to blend, to merge

The anti-war group was made up of such different personalities that it took months before they could coalesce into a group that had some power.

syn: mix, unite, combine

ant: separate, divide

8

debacle

(dā bäʹ kǝl)

(noun) a complete failure; a total collapse

After reading the reviews, the actors knew the play was a debacle and would close in one night.

syn: a sudden disaster

ant: success, triumph

9

debauchery

(dĭ bôʹ chǝ rē)

(noun) corruption; self-indulgence

He lived a life sunk in sin and debauchery.

syn: excess, dissipation

10

deference

(dĕfʹ ǝr ǝns)

(noun) respect; consideration

In deference to the young widow, we moved quietly aside and allowed her to leave first.

syn: regard, honor

ant: contempt

11

defile

(dĭ fīlʹ)

(verb) to pollute, to corrupt

The oil spill was of concern to the populace because it was bound to defile the streams and rivers for miles around.

12

deign

(dān)

(verb) to lower oneself before an inferior

"After what she did to me, I would not deign to say hello to her," Mary said to Joe about her former best friend.

syn: stoop, condescend

13

delineate

(dĭ lĭnʹ ē āt)

(verb) to describe, to depict

The politician went on to delineate his proposal on disarmament in greater detail.

14

demeanor

(dĭ mēʹ nǝr)

(noun) behavior; manner of conducting oneself

Believe me, his shy demeanor is just an act; he is really quite wild.

syn: deportment

15

denouement

(dā nōō mänʹ)

(noun) an outcome, result

Hazel prided herself on being able to solve mysteries; but the story she was reading was elusive, and the denouement didn't come until the final page.

syn: conclusion